Postnatal Depression (PND):
PND, first named by the psychiatrist Brice Pitt in 1968, is a more long-standing category of mental illness than those listed above.
A significant development of the 1990s onwards has been the emergence of a trend to normalize PND.
A variety of organizations and commentators have come to deem PND a "silent epidemic," afflicting many more women than has previously been considered the case.
According to a recent survey by Prima Baby magazine, one in five new mothers have the condition. Netmums, the online support group for mothers, argues there is a "clear upward trend in rates of Postnatal depression" compared to the 1970s, with almost 1 in 3 now victims
of the illness.
There is advocacy for new definitions of what PND is. Feminist writer Kate Figes, author of Life After Birth, thus states, "PND is a sliding scale, starting with the 'baby blues' affecting 80 percent of women, and ending with puerperal psychosis....
The vast majority of women sit somewhere on this scale." Siobahn Curham, author of Antenatal and Postnatal Depression, goes further, claiming most mothers experience PND
since, "as many as 90 percent of new mothers experience some feelings of depression after the birth."
Antenatal Depression: Since the mid-1990s, it has been argued increasingly that research suggests many, if not more women are depressed during pregnancy than post-pregnancy. This incidence of "antenatal depression" has been deemed an unrecognized problem, and it is claimed that maternal depression needs to be thought of as on a spectrum with a variety of causes (not only childbirth and early motherhood).
As a result, much literature now uses the category "Antenatal and Postnatal Depression."
- 碰碰Lv 61 0 年前最佳解答
產後抑鬱症, 在1968精神病學家布來斯比特首先命名, 是長年心理疾病的範疇多於以上列舉的。
媽咪網, 這線上為媽媽的支援團體, 爭論這"澄清產後抑鬱症病房趨勢率" 和1970年代相比, 疾病遇難者幾乎是1比3。
主張男女平等的作者凱特菲姬絲, 產後生活的作者, 以此方式陳述, "產後抑鬱症是相應增減對照表, '寶貝憂鬱 ' 開始影響80%的女人, 和產後因生產而致的精神病....
廣大的主要的女人位於到某處都在這個比率."西歐班克翰, 產前和產後抑鬱症的作者, 進一步, 評論從那時到現在最有母親產後抑鬱症經驗, "有90%新媽媽一些許多經驗產後抑鬱感。"
產後抑鬱症:自從1990年代中期, 許多研究暗示已有許多爭論增加, 如果沒有更多的女人懷孕期間憂鬱超過懷孕後憂鬱。
結論, 大量的文學作品現在使用 "產前和產後抑鬱症."範疇 。
2008-11-23 16:43:39 補充：