vic 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

有關英文被動的語法

請問一下

Indiana University has awarded Peggy a scholarship.

要改成被動式

下面兩句都可以嗎?

哪一句比較好?

(1)

Peggy has been awarded a scholarship by Indiana University.

(2)

Peggy was awarded a scholarship by Indiana University.

謝謝大家

4 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Indiana University has awarded Peggy a scholarship.

    要改成被動式

    下面兩句都可以嗎?

    哪一句比較好?

    只有一句(1)是對的

    award是雙賓動詞,同give, send, lend,...等

    雙賓動詞的被動態有二(1人1物):

    主動: Jack gave Mary a piano last night.

    被動1: Mary(人) was given a piano (by Jack) last night.

    被動2: A piano(物) was given to Mary (by Jack) last night.

    故如果是 Indiana University awarded Peggy a scholarship.

    則為Peggy was awarded a scholarship (by Indiana

    University.)

    或 A scholarship was awarded to Peggy (by Indiana

    University.)

    但是 Indiana University has awarded Peggy a scholarship.

    為完成式,故完成式動動態須改為:

    1. Peggy has been awarded a scholarship (by....)

    2. A scholarship has been awarded to Peggy (by...)

    (1)

    Peggy has been awarded a scholarship by Indiana University.

    (2)

    Peggy was awarded a scholarship by Indiana University.

    參考資料: 惑伯
  • 1 0 年前

    一定是第一句

    完成式對完成式

  • Jeff
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    Indiana University has awarded Peggy a scholarship.

    要改成被動式

    下面兩句都可以嗎?

    哪一句比較好?

    (1)Peggy has been awarded a scholarship by Indiana University.

    (2)Peggy was awarded a scholarship by Indiana University.

    Ans,

    Peggy has been awarded a scholarship by Indiana University→才對

    (因為本句是現在完成式主動改被動)

    PS

    主動語態和被動語態一覽表:

    主動語態 (12個時態)

    被動語態 (8個)

    現在式

    現在式動詞→主動

    am, is, are + Vp.p→被動

    過去式

    過去式動詞→主動

    was, were + Vp.p→被動

    未來式

    shall, will + V→主動

    shall, will + be + Vp.p→被動

    現在進行式

    am, is, are + Ving→主動

    am, is, are + being + Vp.p→被動

    過去進行式

    was, were + Ving→主動

    was, were + being + Vp.p→被動

    未來進行式

    shall, will + be + Ving→主動

    無→被動

    現在完成式

    have, has + Vp.p→主動

    have, has + been + Vp.p→被動

    過去完成式

    had + Vp.p→主動

    had + been + Vp.p→被動

    未來完成式

    shall, will + have + Vp.p→主動

    shall, will + have been + Vp.p→被動

    現在完成進行式

    have, has + been + Ving→主動

    無→被動

    過去完成進行式→主動

    had been + Ving

    無→被動

    未來完成式

    shall, will + have been + Ving→主動

    無→被動

    1.主動句改被動句

    主動句 S + V + O => 被動句 O + be +pp + by + S

    2.被動句改主動句

    被動句 O + be +pp + by + S=>主動句 S + V + O

  • 1 0 年前

    被動 應該用 (1) Peggy has been awarded a scholarship by Indiana University.

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