SHU YI
Lv 7
SHU YI 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

誰可以幫我翻順一點?英翻中(我自己有翻一點了)

Centre for Suicide Prevention自殺預防中心

Children and Suicide孩子和自殺

It is widely(範圍廣地;廣泛地.遠;大大地)believed that childhood is a time which confers(給予,賦予. 商談,協商) a relative(相對的,比較的. 與...有關係的,相關的. 成比例的,相應的. 親戚,親屬) immunity(免疫力;免疫性. 免除,豁免豁免權) from the risk(危險率.冒...的風險.危險,風險.) of suicidal behaviours(態度). 廣泛相信童年是給予自殺的行為態度的風險的相對免疫的時期。

This belief(信;信任,信賴. 信念,看法. 信仰. 信條,教義) is based(有根基的;有基地的) on two notions(概念;想法;見解. 打算,意圖. 一時興起的念頭):這個看法是根據二個概念

Childhood is in large measure(打量;估量) free of(無...的) problems and stress. 兒童在問題壓力中無法去打量;估量and children do not have the developmental maturity to think of or act upon suicidal thoughts (Pfeffer.1993:175.) 小孩在自殺的思維想法見解上在發展上並沒有成熟However. recent research has found that by grade 3 children(age 8~9)have a thorough (仔細)understanding(了解判斷力) of suicide. 最近研究發現了由等级3孩子(age 8~9) 對自殺的了解判斷力

And that younger children understand the concept of”killing oneself”(Mishara.1999:105.114). 那小孩瞭解傷害自身的概念,觀念,思想

Statistics also verify that children do act upon suicidal thoughts. 統計也證實孩子行動在自殺的想法

已更新項目:

Incidence of Child Suicide and Suicidal Behaviours兒童自殺和自殺的行為的發生

Data from Statistics Canada indicates (指出)that during the period 1993~1997.229. Canadian children ages 5~14 died by suicide. 此統計資料指出1993~1997加拿大5~14歲的小孩(229人)因自殺而死的資料

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。2 of these suicides were by boys under age 10有2起自殺是10歲的小男孩

。Of the remaining 227 children .155 were male and 72 were female剩餘的227個小孩155個是男性72個是女性

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。Highly lethal methods were common.(高度的致死方法是共同的) For both males and females. Hanging and firearms accounted for over 90% of deaths. 对于男性和女性

。 垂懸(絞死.吊死)和火器(火器;槍砲(尤指手槍))占90%死亡。

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Even though suicide is also very rare among Americans under age14. 即使自殺在美国人之中14歲之下也是非常罕見的

studies have shown high rates of nonfatal suicidal behaviours and ideation among children. 研究顯示了非致命自殺的行為和觀念化的在孩子之中佔高比率。

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Especially those who are psychiatric patients特别是精神病人的那些人(Pfeffer et al . 1993 :106:Milling et al . 1994:228:Marciano & Kazdin .1994:151).

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In 1997 . it was estimated that nearly 1% of school-aged children attempted to harm themselves and even more contemplated self-harm在1997年。 估計幾乎1%學校年邁的孩子試圖危害自己和冥想的自已害處 (Goldman & Beardslee . 1999 : 417).

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In addition .另外 an undetermined number of traumatic injuries and “accidental” self-poisonings are believed to be suicidal in their intent. 未確定的數字創傷傷害的和「偶然.意外.非主要.附帶的」自我下毒是堅決要做的。

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Motivations for Suicidal Behaviours自殺的行為的刺激

It is much easier to believe that the suicidal thoughts or behaviours displayed by a child are trivial or are ploys to get attention(Greene.1994:231).

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。An attempt to regain control in their lives嘗試恢复控制在他們的生活中

。Retaliation or revenge against real or perceived wrongs對真正或被察覺的錯誤的報復或復仇

。Reunion fantasies團聚幻想

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。Relief or escape from unbearable pain從痛不可忍的安心或逃命

。They see themselves as the family scapegoat他們看見自己作為家庭替罪羊

。To distract the family from other issues . e.g. divorce與其他問題分散家庭。 即離婚

。Acting out a covert or overt desire of the parent to be rid of the child行動父母的一個隱蔽或公開慾望被趕走孩子

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Factors which may place children at increased risk for suicide behaviours can also be similar to those which place other age groups at risk and include:

也许安置孩子在自殺行為的增加的风险的因素可能也类似安置其他年齡組在危险中并且包括的那些

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。Depression and hopelessness消沉和绝望

。Psychiatric disorders精神病

。Poor social adjustment恶劣的社会性调整

。Emotional . sexual and/or physical abuse情感。 性並且/或者人身诬蔑

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。Change in the child’s role in the family在家庭的中兒童角色的改變

。family prblems or familial suicide家庭問題或家庭自殺

。Chronic health problems慢性健康問题

。History of suicidal behaviours自殺行為的過去史

。Poor coping strategies惡劣應付的戰略

1 個解答

評分
  • BEN
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    大眾普遍認為:相較其他時期,童年時期的自殺風險是較低的。

    這樣的看法建構在兩大觀念上:

    大致來說,童年是沒有問題與壓力的,孩童的發展尚未成熟到去思考自殺或真的去自殺。但最近的研究指出三年級的孩童(八到九歲)完全了解自殺。

    年紀小一點的孩童也了解殺的概念

    統計數據也證實了孩童的確會自殺。

    參考資料: myself & dictionary
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