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The phrase “infectious industrial waste” rather than “medical waste” is adopted in this study, as infectious industrial waste is defined in the “Waste Disposal Act and Standards for Defining Hazardous Waste” in Taiwan. Infectious industrial waste encompasses the waste generated... 顯示更多 The phrase “infectious industrial waste” rather than “medical waste” is adopted in this study, as infectious industrial waste is defined in the “Waste Disposal Act and Standards for Defining Hazardous Waste” in Taiwan. Infectious industrial waste encompasses the waste generated by hospitals, medical units, medical laboratories, medical institutes, biotechnology units, and other facilities involved in home healthcare and those involved in work related to medical research and manufacturing. Infectious industrial waste includes direct and derived waste generated in the manufacturing, transportation, storage, and use of medical devices. Table 1 shows the names used for medical waste in other countries (EPA, ROC, 1998). Radioactive materials, such as those generated during X-ray examinations, must be stored, transported, and treated properly to eliminate environmental and health hazards via beta and gamma ray emissions. Wastes containing radioisotopes are regulated under Taiwan’s Atomic Energy Act.
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