匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

急~經濟學原文請幫我英文翻成中文

1.The total utility of water -its role as a necessity of life -is indeed much

higher than that of diamonds.But price,as we have seen, is not related

directly to total utility. Rather, the optimal purchase rule tells us that

price tends to equal marginal utility.

2.

Given normal condition ,water is comparatively cheap to provide ,so its price is generally quite low . Consumers thus use correspondingly large quantities of water.The principle of diminishing marginal utility,

therefore, pushes down the marginal utility of water for a typical

household to a low level .As the consumer's surplus diagram suggests,

this also means that its total utility is likely to be high .

3.

In contrast , high-quality diamonds are scarce (partly because a

monopoly keeps them so).As a result, quantity of diamonds consumed

is not large enough to drive down the MU of diamonds very far, so

buyers of such luxuries must pay high prices for them. As a commodity

becomes more scarce, its marginal utiliy and its market price rise,

regardless of the size of its total utility .Also as we have seen,because

so little of the commodity is consumed , its totle utility is likely to be

comparatively low , despite its large marginal utility .

4.

Thus, like many paradoxes, the diamond -water puzzle has a

straightforward explanation. In this case, all one has to remember is

that: Scarcity raises price and marginal utility , but it generally reduces

total utility. And although total utility measures the benefits consumers

get from there consumption , it is marginal utility that is equal

(approximately)to price.

請不要用翻譯網站~

麻煩會英文的或者懂經濟學的大大幫我翻譯謝謝~

2 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1.水的總效用 -作為生活必需品的它的角色 -的確很多 比那高的diamonds.But價格,如我們所見,不被有關 直接對總效用。 相反,最佳的購買規章告訴我們那 價格傾向于相等的邊際效用。 2.鑒于正常狀態,水比較便宜提供,因此它的價格一般十分低。 消費者相應如此使用大量water.The 減少邊際效用的原則, 因此,按下邊際效用澆水對于來說一典型 家庭到低的水準。 消費者的過剩圖解建議當時, 這也表明它的總效用很可能是高的。 3.相反,優質的鑽石是不足的(部分因為A 壟斷保持他們因此)。 因此,鑽石的數量被消耗 沒有大得足以減少鑽石的畝非常遠,因此 這樣的奢侈品的購買者必須為他們支付高的價格。 作為商品 變得更不足,它的邊緣的utiliy 和它的市場價格上漲, 不管它的總效用的大小。 儘管我們也已經看見,因為 很少商品被消耗,它的totle 效用很可能 儘管它的大的邊際效用,比較低。 4.因此,喜歡很多有矛盾的事物,鑽石 -水謎有A 坦白的解釋。 這樣的話,都一樣必須記得 那︰ 缺乏提升價格和邊際效用,但是它一般降低 總效用。 並且雖然總效用測量好處消費者 從那裡消耗得到,是邊際效用相等 (大約)對價格。

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  • 4 年前

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