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? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

prefer to之用法的記法

用法一:

Prefer+「名詞」+to+「名詞」

Prefer+「動名詞」+to+「動名詞

用法二:

Prefer to+「原形動詞」+instead of+「動名詞」

Prefer to+「原形動詞」+rather than+「原形動詞」

對於上面的「」而言,我常常會搞混,例如應該用原形動詞,結果我卻用動名詞,又例如,應該用名詞,結果我卻用原形動詞,不知道大家有沒有什麼辦法可以記「」裡面的詞性,可以跟我分享一下嗎,對於你的幫忙,我將衷心的感謝你,謝謝

5 個解答

評分
  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    版主重複同樣的問題, 是之前回答的內容沒有幫助嗎?

    2009-01-10 19:46:25 補充:

    我來試試看.

    文法雖然是一些規則, 但是就像數理的公式, 如果不了解內含, 很難背, 也容易忘.

    首先講一個觀念:

    [to V]跟[V-ing]其實都可以當名詞.

    Swimming is good for health.

    To study abroad needs a lot of money.

    所以要把[to]和[V]看成一組, 不要把[to]和[prefer]看成一組.

    不過兩者有一個很大的差別:

    [to V]不能放在介系詞後面當受詞, [V-ing]可以.

    He is fond of swimming.

    He is fond of exercise.

    He is fond of to play baseball. (X)

    He is fond of playing baseball.

    [to V]裡的[to]稱為"不定詞標誌". 和底下用到的[prefer A to B]裡的[to](稱為"介系詞")是完全不同的.

    所以[prefer]後面接的其實都是"名詞":

    I prefer coffee.

    I prefer swimming.

    I prefer to stay at home.

    [prefer]講的是"偏好", 帶有"比較"的含意. 以上都沒有把比較的對象說出來. 如果要的話, 需要加上別的字. 方式有好幾種, 但是有一個原則: [A]與[B]的性質要"盡可能"相同([n.]對[n.], [V-ing]對[V-ing], [to V]對[to V]).

    第一個方式是用介系詞[to].

    I prefer coffee to tea.

    She prefers swimming to jogging.

    He prefers to stay to to leave. (X)

    再來, 可以用連接詞[than].

    I prefer coffee (rather) than tea. ([rather]可以省略)

    She prefers swimming than jogging.

    He prefers to stay than (to) leave. (重複的[to]通常省略)

    如果用[instead of], 最好前後都用[V-ing]. 如果前面用[to V], 後面還是只能用[V-ing].

    [instead of]意思是"...而不是...", 對稱意味較低. 可以把它與後面的名詞視為一組, 整個當副詞片語用, 修飾全句.

    這樣是不是比較好記呢?

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  • Elisa
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    Hi, 第三名

    I have a few suggestions for you. If you don't feel that you get the answers you want, try asking the answerers again with follow up questions. If they truly cannot help you, delete the questions, then ask another question again.

    2009-01-10 21:50:23 補充:

    If they truly cannot help you, delete the questions, then ask another question again. If you leave them out there, there will be others continuing to answer the questions, which is not fair to them because the questions will eventually be removed due to the removal rules.

    2009-01-10 21:54:42 補充:

    At that time, you don't know which questions will be removed, maybe the ones that really answer your question.

    2009-01-10 21:55:11 補充:

    i did a search and these are the questions with the same topic

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

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  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前

    1. 有說出"比較喜歡哪種及比較不喜歡哪種"的用法

    Some people prefer camping to staying in hotels.

    Generally, companies prefer getting their ship and cargo back in one piece rather than risk destruction.

    Coffee is preferable to tea.

    I prefer green tea to coffee.

    2. 僅說出"比較喜歡哪種"的用法: prefer + Ving or prefer to V.

    We prefer sleeping outside. or

    I prefer going to library to study.

    People prefer playing original Xbox over PS3 in 08' .

    Do you prefer cooking for yourself ,or eating in a restaurant?

    59 percent of respondents would just prefer to have a physical copy.

    I would prefer to stay at home tonight.

    3. prefer看起來有多種用法, 但其實你只要分成上面兩類比較簡單易記, 其餘的就看你是否可以多看些例句, 但就從我舉的這幾句先開始吧...

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  • 1 0 年前

    我覺得你對這個文法的東西很能有點想太多了。希望不是你的學校要考試。

    根據我的實際使用經驗,絕大多數是用 prefer to 或 prefer than. Rather 是多餘的,只不過加強一下語氣而已。可有可無。

    用法一看來很正確也很易懂。兩邊辭性對等。動名詞的地位跟名詞一樣。

    用法二的第二項好像還可以這樣:

    Prefer to+「原形動詞」+「名詞 1」+than +「名詞 2」

    i.e.: I prefer to eat breakfast than lunch.

    instead of 的部分沒聽過。

    2009-01-10 15:02:41 補充:

    可以請教之前的答覆為何?

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  • 1 0 年前

    我想看看有沒有別的看法,

    之前回我的,我覺得幫助不大也

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