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hugo 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

考古題文法

1.Harry Potter,_____in 1998, was an immediate success.

(A)published (B)when it published (C)was published (D)that it published

這題答案是A 為什麼不能選C呢? ==>被出版不對嗎?

2.This ia s photo of the radio station on the Internet that ____at the department of mass communication.

(A)has set up (B)was set up (C)has been set up (D)will be set up

這題答案是C 雖然我寫對了,但我還是有點不知道自己的想法對不對,可以告訴為什麼要選C還有跟A差在哪嗎??

3.The gas____is used primarily for home heating.

(A)producing in the western states (B)produced in the western states

答案是B B的produced是單純過去式的意思而已嗎?

4.The first ascent to the summit of Aconcagua, the highest peak of the western hemisphere and now an extinct volcano,____in 1987

(A)was made (B)made (C)making (D)being made

答案是A 為什麼不能選D呢? 還有這題該怎麼翻比較好

5.The Great Wall in China______to the body of a dragon

(A)has compared (B)ia like (C)in comparison with (D)has been compared

答案是D 它跟A差在哪裡阿? 還有該怎麼翻議比較順暢

2 個解答

評分
  • JACK
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    【個人分析,敬請參考,謝謝!】

    【1】因本句使用「分詞構句」當插入語。假如選C,那題目就得修改成「Harry Potter, which was published in 1998, was an immediate success.」還原成「形容詞子句」後,逗點仍不能省略──因為「Harry Potter」具有「獨一性」(也因此關係代名詞不可用「that」-因前有逗點)。而A的答案,同時將關係代名詞&Be動詞省掉,留下表「被動」的「過去分詞:published」

    【2】「the radio station on the Internet」──如你所知,一定是「已經被設立」的嘛;而A則是表「主動」啊!

    【3】非也,B的「produced」是「過去分詞」還原成「形容詞子句」後,就是「The gas which was produced in the western states is used primarily for home heating.」

    【4】【譯文】人類在1987年首度登上阿空加瓜山的頂峰──西半球的最高峰,而現今是座死火山。

    請你先將逗點夾住的部份,遮掉別看,句子便簡化為:「The first ascent to the summit of Aconcagua ____ in 1987.」主詞是不是「the first ascent」?要表被動,「Be+p.p.」前頭又沒東西,加上「登上」的動作早被完成,故選A。

    【5】A的答案,中譯會變成「中國的萬里長城已經(自己)比喻做為龍的身軀。」?!「萬里長城」怎麼會自己做比較呢,它又非是人啊!應當是「中國的萬里長城早已經被比喻為龍的身軀。」你說對吧?

    參考資料: JACK
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  • 1 0 年前

    1.Harry Potter,_____in 1998, was an immediate success.

    (A)published

    原句:Harry Potter,which was published in 1998, was an immediate success.

    省略which was

    2.This ia s photo of the radio station on the Internet that ____at the department of mass communication.

    (C)has been set up

    表被動語態

    3.The gas____is used primarily for home heating.

    (A)producing in the western states (B)produced in the western states

    答案是B B的produced是單純過去式的意思而已嗎?

    NO,同1. 原空格 which is produced = >which is 被省略

    4.The first ascent to the summit of Aconcagua, the highest peak of the western hemisphere and now an extinct volcano,____in 1987

    (A)was made (B)made (C)making (D)being made

    答案是A

    為被動語態(這句翻譯跳過XDD)

    5.The Great Wall in China______to the body of a dragon

    (A)has compared (B)ia like (C)in comparison with (D)has been compared

    答案是D

    為被動語態

    萬里長城被比擬為一隻龍的身體

    參考資料: 自己.........希望有幫到忙
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