... 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

體育翻譯 緊急 需要體育專業的人幫我翻

Quantitative heel ultrasound variables in powerlifters and controls

Objective—To compare by cross sectional study the quantitative heel ultrasound (QUS) variables broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and velocity of sound (VOS) in male powerlifters and controls.

Methods—Twenty four powerlifters and 21 sedentary male controls were recruited to the study. All the powerlifters were members of the British Drug Free Powerlifting Association and actively competing at the time of the study. A questionnaire was completed by all those entered into the study. This included a history of smoking and an estimation of daily intake of alcohol and calcium. For the powerlifters, the number of years spent training and time spent training each week was also recorded. The QUS variables of all powerlifters and controls were measured using a Cubaclinical II (McCue) ultrasound scanner.

Results—The powerlifters had been training for a mean (SEM) of 10.6 (1.6) years and they trained for 6.5 (0.4) hours a week. The powerlifters were non-significantly older and had a significantly higher body mass index (BMI) than the controls. Calcium intake and consumption of alcohol and tobacco were similar in the two groups. The mean BUA in the powerlifters was a significant 9.5% (95% confidence interval 0.7 to 18.3%) higher than the controls (105 v 96 dB/MHZ) and 15.6% (95% confidence interval 6.8 to 24.4%) higher after adjustment using analysis of covariance for age, BMI, and alcohol and tobacco consumption (108 v 93 dB/MHZ). The mean VOS was similar in the two groups, but after adjustment it was significantly higher in the powerlifters (1671 v 1651 m/s, p<0.01).

Conclusions—The study shows the ability of heel ultrasound to discriminate between QUS variables in powerlifters and controls. The results indicate that the QUS variables BUA and VOS are significantly higher for powerlifters than for controls.

出處http://bjsm.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/35/4/274

已更新項目:

起完整ㄉ翻譯好中文

2 個已更新項目:

老古可以再幫我翻一小段ㄇ

Those tested positive receive an automatic lifetime ban from future competitions. All the powerlifters had competed for at least two years and were all of national standard.

給我信箱要是不方便沒關西

3 個已更新項目:

我很急謝謝

4 個已更新項目:

In addition to dual energy x ray absorptiometry measurements of BMD, low quantitative heel ultrasound (QUS) variables are themselves a predictor of increased fracture risk

5 個已更新項目:

The BDFPA has a rigorous programme of in competition and zero notice out of competition drug testing,

6 個已更新項目:

We have shown the ability of heel ultrasound to discriminate between QUS variables in powerlifters and controls,

7 個已更新項目:

typically consists of low repetitions with use of weights that are close to the lifters' single repetition maximum

8 個已更新項目:

非常感謝

2 個解答

評分
  • 老古
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Quantitative heel ultrasound variables in powerlifters and controls

    健力者與控制組定量式跟部超音波檢查之變量

    Objective—To compare by cross sectional study the quantitative heel ultrasound (QUS) variables broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and velocity of sound (VOS) in male powerlifters and controls.

    目的: 以橫斷面研究比較男性健力者與控制組定量式跟部超音波檢查變量之超音波寬頻衰減(broadband ultrasound attenuation, BUA) 及超音波速(velocity of sound, VOS)

    Methods—Twenty four powerlifters and 21 sedentary male controls were recruited to the study....... The QUS variables of all powerlifters and controls were measured using a Cuba clinical II (McCue) ultrasound scanner.

    方法: 共招募 24名健力者與21名久坐不動的男性參與本研究. 所有的健力者皆為British Drug Free Powerlifting Association之會員而且在參與本研究當時均積極參與各項比賽. 所有參與本研究的成員均填寫了一項問卷, 其中包括有抽煙史及每日酒精及鈣的攝取量. 對健力者, 也記錄其接受健力訓練之年數以及每周訓練之時數. 所有健力者與控制組定量式超音波檢查之變量均使用Cuba clinical II (McCue) 超音波掃瞄來測定.

    Results—The powerlifters had been training for a mean (SEM) of 10.6 (1.6) years .... and alcohol and tobacco consumption (108 v 93 dB/MHZ). The mean VOS was similar in the two groups, but after adjustment it was significantly higher in the powerlifters (1671 v 1651 m /s, p<0.01).

    結果: 健力者這組其平均接受健力訓練年數之平均數(標準差)為 10.6 (1.6) 而每周訓練之時數為6.5 (0.4). 健力者組的BMI比控制組明顯偏高而其年齡則並無明顯差異。兩組間鈣的攝取量及煙酒之消耗量相近。健力者組的BUA平均值以9.5%( 95%信賴區間為 0.7% 至 18.3% )明顯高於控制組(105 v 96 dB/MHZ) 而在以年齡, BMI, 及煙酒消耗量之共變數分析調整後也以15.6%( 95%信賴區間為 6.8% 至 24.4% )明顯高於控制組(105 v 96 dB/MHZ). 兩組 VOS的平均值相近, 但於調整後, 健力組明顯高於控制組(1671 v 1651 m /s, p<0.01).

    Conclusions—The study shows the ability of heel ultrasound to discriminate between QUS variables in powerlifters and controls. The results indicate that the QUS variables BUA and VOS are significantly higher for powerlifters than for controls.

    結論: 本研究顯示健力者與控制組其定量式跟部超音波檢查變量有明顯不同. 該結果顯示健力者的BUA與VOS均明顯高於控制組。

    2009-02-07 23:42:36 補充:

    Those tested positive receive an automatic lifetime ban from future competitions. All the powerlifters had competed for at least two years and were all of national standard.檢驗結果為" 正" 的健力者會被終生禁賽. 所有的健力者都參加過至少兩年的比賽而且都是國家級的選手。

    2009-02-08 19:00:27 補充:

    In addition to dual energy x ray absorptiometry measurements of BMD, low quantitative heel ultrasound (QUS) variables are themselves a predictor of increased fracture risk

    除了以雙能量x光吸收儀測得的BMD值能預測骨折風險之增加外, 定量式跟部超音波檢查之變量自己本身也能預測測骨折風險之增加

    2009-02-08 19:02:11 補充:

    We have shown the ability of heel ultrasound to discriminate between QUS variables in powerlifters and controls,

    前面我們己經顯示出用定量式跟部超音波檢查變量能分辨出健力者與控制組的 QUS變量

    2009-02-09 12:25:00 補充:

    The BDFPA has a rigorous programme of in competition and zero notice out of competition drug testing. BDFPA對徵選選手很嚴格而且在做比賽的藥物測試時????????

  • 1 0 年前

    翻譯:足跟超聲定量變量powerlifters和控制

    目標要比較的橫斷面研究定量足跟超聲(定量超聲)變量寬帶超聲衰減( BUA )和聲速(自願觀測船) ,男性powerlifters和控制。

    方法, 24個和21久坐powerlifters男性控制聘用了研究。所有powerlifters成員的英國藥物免費舉重協會和積極競爭的時候,研究。問卷完成了所有這些進入研究。這包括歷史的吸煙和估計每天攝入的酒精和鈣。為powerlifters ,在花費數年時間的培訓和培訓每個星期也記錄。變量的定量超聲所有powerlifters測量和控制使用Cubaclinical二(麥丘)超聲波掃描儀。

    結果,該powerlifters了培訓,平均(掃描電鏡) 10.6 ( 1.6 )年,他們經過培訓的6.5 ( 0.4 )小時。該powerlifters是非顯著老年人和有顯著高於體重指數( BMI )低於對照組。鈣的攝入和消耗的酒精和煙草類似兩組。平均BUA在powerlifters是一個重大的9.5 % ( 95 %置信區間0.7至18.3 % )高於對照組( 105 v九六分貝/ MHz )和15.6 % ( 95 %置信區間6.8至24.4 % )調整後使用高協方差分析的年齡,體重指數,和酒精和煙草的消費( 108 v九三分貝/兆赫) 。平均自願觀測船類似兩組,但調整後明顯高於它在powerlifters ( 1671年v一千六百五十一米/秒,磷“ 0.01 ) 。

    結論,該研究顯示的能力,足跟超聲區分定量超聲變數powerlifters和控制。結果表明,定量超聲變量BUA和自願觀測船都明顯高於powerlifters比控制。

    參考資料: GOOGLE
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。