英文關係 動詞轉名詞

英文單字動詞變成名詞通常都有小部份改變

像是accomplish→accomplishment

add→addition

請問什麼時候後面要加ment

什麼時候後面要加tion

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    這即是英文文法中 Suffixes (字尾) 的用法問題。Suffixes是附加於字根、詞和詞組後面的一組字母,有其文法上的功能,並說明字詞本身的詞類屬性,名詞、動詞、形容詞或副詞。同時,也能用以修飾或延伸字詞的意思。

    以下遂依照英文字母之排列順序以說明Suffixes在名詞(Noun) 功能上構成原則: (因內容太多,餘者續以補充方式說明)

    1.-acy, cy:表示狀態 或品質(state or quality)

    例:privacy, infancy

    2.-age:行為動作的結果或活動 (activity, or result of action)

    例:parentage, shortage , reportage

    3.-al:動作的行為或結果 (action, result of action)

    例:proposal, approval, refusal, rehearsal

    4.-ance, -ence:表示動作、狀態、品質或過程(action, state, quality or process)

    例:resistance, independence

    5.-ancy:表示狀態、品質或地位 (state, quality or capacity)

    例:vacancy

    6.-ant, -ent:an agent, something that performs the action

    例:disinfectant, dependant, dependent

    7.–ate:表示身分、職務、職責 (state, office, function)

    例:candidate

    8.-ation:表示動作、狀態結果 (action, resulting state)

    例:specialization, civilization, relaxation

    9.–dom﹕place, state of being

    例:wisdom,

    10.-ee:one who receives

    employee, payee, trainee

    11.-ess/ine:female

    例:actress, heroine

    12.-er/-ar/-ur/-eer/-ier, -or:person or thing that does something

    例:porter, teacher, collector, pioneer

    13.-ful:an amount or quantity that fills

    例:mouthful

    14.–hood:condition; state

    例:childhood, neighborhood, bachelorhood

    15.-ian, an:related to, one that is

    例:musician, magician, vegetarian

    16.-ic, ics:related to the arts and sciences

    例:arithmetic, economics

    17.-ility:quality of

    例:feasibility, servility, mobility

    18.-ing:material made for, activity, result of an activity

    例:flooring, swimming, building

    19.-ion:condition or action

    例:abduction, indication, motion

    20.-ism:表示信念、動作或行為 (doctrine, belief, action or conduct)

    例:formalism, capitalism, modernism, vegetarianism

    21.-ist:person or member (a. believer in b. expert of)

    例:economist, romanticist, nationalist,

    22.-ity, ty:state or quality

    例:lucidity, novelty

    23.-ment:condition or result

    例:assessment, improvement, disappointment, government,

    24.-ness:state, condition, quality of being

    例:happiness, kindness, eagerness, carelessness

    25.-ship:state of

    例:friendship, relationship, partnership, fellowship, membership

    2009-02-21 22:04:51 補充:

    26. -ty:condition of being

    例:safety, security, loyalty

    27. -ure: act, condition, process, function

    例:exposure, culture, closure, failure

    28. -y:state, condition, result of an activity

    例:victory, society

    參考資料: myself, Wren & Martin's High School English Grammar and Composition
  • 4 年前

    ENTHRONE

  • 1 0 年前

    這種變化沒有絕對啊

    不會有老師可以很明確跟你說哪種字尾後面應該要加ment或tion

    只可以判斷字尾是ment或tion的大多數都是名詞

    多唸些英文單字多就好啦

    像假設你查到一個新的動詞

    你就可以順便看一下它的名詞

    有看過就會多少有點印象了

    參考資料: 自己
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