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無影角 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

麻煩英文高手幫忙看一下這篇運輸方面的paper翻譯

這是一篇有關運輸方面的paper。不知道我翻的對不對,可否請英文高手幫忙看一下,小弟英文不是很好,大概翻的內容如下:

Effect of restricted sight distances on driver behaviors

during unprotected left-turn phase at signalized intersections

視距受限情況下,無左轉指示燈號誌路口期間的駕駛行為

(摘要)Abstract

During the unprotected left-turn green phase at intersections on divided highways, if the median of the major road is

relatively wide, the simultaneously turning vehicles in the opposing left-turn lanes often block drivers’ views for each other so as to influence the unprotected left-turn or U-turn gap acceptance behaviors.

To identify the changes of those driving behaviors clearly associated with drivers’ restricted sight distances, a field data collection in this study was conducted at a signalized intersection with the potential sight distance problem.

Both linear regression and logistic regression models were developed to estimate parameters of gap acceptances.

The results showed that sight obstruction due to the opposite turning vehicles may contribute to significant increments of the critical gap and follow-up time.

This could result in an extra traffic delay and a capacity reduction in the left-turn lane. Moreover, it was found that left-turn or U-turn drivers with the sight distance problem were more likely to accept smaller gaps so as to cause more traffic conflicts between turning traffic and opposing-through traffic.

The analyses in this paper provide a better understanding of the relationship between highway visibility and traffic safety and operation.

我翻的内容:

在一個具有雙向車道無左轉綠色指示號誌的號誌路口期間,假如主要道路的中央分隔島是相當地寬,當對向車道左轉車輛同時進行左轉的情況,常常會阻礙到其他駕駛的視野,這會影響駕駛在無指示號誌進行左轉或迴轉間隔期間的讓道行為。

為了驗證駕駛行為的改變與受限的視覺距離之關聯性。本研究所蒐集的實際資料將被運用在號誌路口與潛在視覺距離間的問題上。線性迴歸與羅吉斯迴歸兩種模型都可完善估計接(承)受間隔的參數。

結果顯示,由於視覺阻礙物可能造成對向轉彎車輛的『必要間隔』與『追加時間』顯著地增加。結果導致在左轉車道上產生額外的行車延遲與道路容量的減少。

此外,研究也發現駕駛在進行左轉或迴轉的視覺距離問題有承受較小間隔的可能,以至於引起轉彎的車流與對向直行通過的車流在交通上的衝突。

本篇報告的分析結果提供一個利於瞭解高速公路視覺能見度與交通安全與運作間的關係。

請問我上面翻的對不對?

已更新項目:

另外

1.Unprotected left-turn phase

2.Signalized intersections

3.Gap acceptance

4.Critical gap

5.Fllow-up time

6.Opposing-through traffic

這幾個字要如何翻比較恰當!

麻煩請熟悉運輸領域英文專有名詞或英文翻譯強的朋友,可以幫忙解釋一下。 感恩!

p.s回答請不要用翻譯軟體直接貼上,這個我也會。

3 個解答

評分
  • 老古
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Effect of restricted sight distances on driver behaviors during unprotected left-turn phase at signalized intersections

    於號誌化交叉口左轉未保護時相下, 視距受限的情況對駕駛行為之影響

    (摘要)Abstract

    During the unprotected left-turn green phase at intersections on divided highways, if the median of the major road is

    relatively wide, the simultaneously turning vehicles in the opposing left-turn lanes often block drivers’ views for each other so as to influence the unprotected left-turn or U-turn gap acceptance behaviors.

    在一個具有雙向車道的號誌化路口左轉未保護時相下,假如主要道路的中央分隔島是相當地寬,當對向車道左轉車輛同時進行左轉時,常常會阻礙到駕駛彼此的視野,進而駕駛在進行未保護左轉或迴轉時之可接受時間間距會受到影響。

    To identify the changes of those driving behaviors clearly associated with drivers’ restricted sight distances, a field data collection in this study was conducted at a signalized intersection with the potential sight distance problem. Both linear regression and logistic regression models were developed to estimate parameters of gap acceptances.

    為了找出明顯因此視覺距離受限而可接受時間間距因而改變的程度, 我們在一個有潛在視覺距離受限的號誌化路口進行實際資料的蒐集。我們採用線性迴歸與羅吉斯迴歸兩種模型來估算可接受時間間距的值。

    The results showed that sight obstruction due to the opposite turning vehicles may contribute to significant increments of the critical gap and follow-up time. This could result in an extra traffic delay and a capacity reduction in the left-turn lane.

    結果顯示,由於對向左轉彎車輛而導致的視覺阻礙會引發『臨界間距』與『跟車(時間)間距』顯著地增加。這會導致在左轉車道上產生額外的行車延遲與道路容量的減少。

    Moreover, it was found that left-turn or U-turn drivers with the sight distance problem were more likely to accept smaller gaps so as to cause more traffic conflicts between turning traffic and opposing-through traffic.

    此外,本研究也發現駕駛人在進行左轉或迴轉時有視覺距離問題時比較會採取較小行車間距,以至於轉彎的車流與對向直行車流在交通上的衝突會增加。

    The analyses in this paper provide a better understanding of the relationship between highway visibility and traffic safety and operation.

    本篇論文對高速公路能見度與交通安全與運作間的關係做出分析及進一步之瞭解。

    1.Unprotected left-turn phase左轉未保護時相 ( or未保護左轉時相 )

    2.Signalized intersections號誌化交叉口

    3.Gap acceptance可接受間距

    4.Critical gap臨界間距

    5.Fllow-up time跟車(時間)間距

    6.Opposing-through traffic對向直行車流

    2009-03-19 15:39:01 補充:

    參考資料

    http://safety2.iot.gov.tw/technology/files/92/1-1_...

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  • Akira
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    加油~ 我用的原文 和妳目 前讀的內容大致 是相同的

    但我不知如何轉成中文 哈哈

    目前 研三 在韓國

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  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前

    http://www.spokanestreetdepartment.org/faqs/lefttu...

    Unprotected (permissive) left-turn phasing = 無左轉專用車道

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