Amanda 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

幫我英翻中有關萬聖節的文章(贈20點)

Symbols

The carved pumpkin, lit by a candle inside, is one of Halloween's most prominent symbols in America, and is commonly called a jack-o'-lantern. Originating in Europe, these lanterns were first carved from a turnip or rutabaga. Believing that the head was the most powerful part of the body containing the spirit and the knowledge, the Celts used the "head" of the vegetable to frighten off any superstitions.The name jack-o'-lantern can be traced back to the Irish legend of Stingy Jack, a greedy, gambling, hard-drinking old farmer. He tricked the devil into climbing a tree and trapped him by carving a cross into the tree trunk. In revenge, the devil placed a curse on Jack, condemning him to forever wander the earth at night with the only light he had: a candle inside of a hollowed turnip. The carving of pumpkins is associated with Halloween in North America,where pumpkins were readily available and much larger, making them easier to carve than turnips. Many families that celebrate Halloween carve a pumpkin into a frightening or comical face and place it on their home's doorstep after dark. In America the tradition of carving pumpkins is known to have preceded the Great Famine period of Irish immigration. The carved pumpkin was originally associated with harvest time in general in America and did not become specifically associated with Halloween until the mid-to-late 19th century.

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1.雕刻南瓜,內點蠟燭是美國萬聖節最典型的象徵 之一,一般稱為傑克的燈籠。起初在歐洲,最初燈籠是用羅蔔和蕪菁所雕刻而成。人們深信頭是身體最有力量的部分,它包含精神和知識。凱爾特族人利用蔬菜的頭,來破除迷信。傑克的燈籠最初可被追朔到愛爾蘭傳奇人物--捷克,一個貪婪,愛賭和酗酒的老農夫。他戲弄惡魔爬上樹上,和設下陷阱,讓他困在雕刻中空的樹幹裡。惡魔為了報復傑克立下詛咒,讓他永遠只能在晚上追逐著燈光( 中空的羅蔔內點著蠟燭)游游晃晃地走在地球上。造型南瓜和北美的萬聖節扯上關係,是因為那裡的南瓜比較容易取得,外型較大,遠比羅蔔更容易雕刻。許多的家庭在晚上以雕刻嚇人或卡通造型臉孔的南瓜燈籠裝飾他們的家。在美國雕刻南瓜的傳統已勝過愛爾蘭移民潮時所造成的大飢荒期。起初,美國雕刻南瓜僅見於豐收季節,直到十九世紀中,末期,才和萬聖節扯上關係。

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  • 1 0 年前

    符號象徵

    在美國,將南瓜挖空並在裡頭擺上點亮的蠟燭是萬聖節最主要的象徵代表,這個擺飾就叫"Jack-o'-lantern"(傑克燈籠)。這個燈籠起源自歐洲,一開始是以大頭菜或是黃蕪菁雕成的。當時的人們相信頭部包含了靈魂和知識是身體最有威力的部位,凱爾特人用蔬菜的"頭部"來嚇走邪教異端。

    傑克燈籠名字的由來可以追朔自愛爾蘭的傳說故事"小氣鬼傑克"。傑克是一個貪婪、嗜賭又酗酒的老農夫,他用詭計把魔鬼騙到樹上,並在樹幹上刻上十字架把魔鬼困在上面。為了復仇,魔鬼對傑克施了一個魔咒,從此傑克在這世上只能永遠在夜間遊蕩,而且僅有的光線就是挖空的蕪菁裡的透出的燭光。

    許多家庭在慶祝萬聖節時會將南瓜挖空,刻上可怕的臉孔圖案

    ,然後擺在門口處。在美國,刻南瓜的習俗是隨著愛爾蘭移民在大飢荒期間帶來的。而且,雕刻南瓜原來是因為豐收期才會做的事,一直到十九世紀中葉以後才和萬聖節結合的。

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