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小佳 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

急件!!!求尋英文翻譯高手!!!

我已經有翻過了!!不過整個就不通順!!!這是一篇有關末期癌症病人與宗教的關係!!

A large body of research conducted over the past 30 years suggests that there are significant yet complex associations among spirituality, religiosity and psychological functioning within the context of medicalillness and/or impending death. In psychological research, religiosity is conceptualized as an

organized set of beliefs, rituals and practices engaged in with the goal of connecting to a higher power, such as God . Many researchers perceive religiosity as containing two components: intrinsic religiosity, referring to the integration of religion into one’s complete life, and extrinsic religiosity, referring to the use of religiosity for social connectedness . Spirituality is often perceived of as a universal connection to

the transcendant and search for meaning in life that may or may not be linked to a divine figure . It is important to note that while people can be both religious and spiritual, it is not uncommon for someone to perceive oneself as spiritual in the absence of organized religion.

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Spirituality is often perceived of as a universal connection to the transcendant and search for meaning in life that may or may not be linked to a divine figure .

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It is important to note that while people can be both religious and spiritual, it is not uncommon for someone to perceive oneself as spiritual in the absence of organized religion.

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Many research studies have concluded that religiosity, specifically intrinsic religiosity, has a positive association with psychological health. However, multiple studies have failed to find or found negative relationships between religiosity and mental health .

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Several researchers have also demonstrated that higher levels of spiritual wellbeing are associated with lower levels of psychological distress variables such as depression, hopelessness, desire for hastened death and suicidal ideation among severely ill patients .

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Despite the plethora of research linking spirituality, religiosity and psychological well-being, the mechanism(s) behind the associations remains unclear.

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There are likely several mechanisms at work that have positive effects on health, such as behaviors and affective states linked to spirituality and religiosity.

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We chose to investigate whether afterlife beliefs provide a unique contribution to the associations among spirituality and mental health among people facing terminal illness.

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Research examining the role of afterlife beliefs in coping with illness and death is scarce, and the results of these few studies have varied, with one finding a negative association between afterlife beliefs and death anxiety and another finding no relationship between these variables .

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However, most of these studies focused on healthy college students and adults rather than medically ill individuals, raising questions as to the ecological validity of findings.

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In response to this shortcoming, we studied afterlife beliefs in a group of terminally ill cancer patients and analyzed whether these beliefs were associated with psychological distress and end-of-life despair.

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The influence of afterlife beliefs on psychological functioning at the end of life is an increasingly interesting question for mental health clinicians and researchers.

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This study, which represents one of the first systematic analyses of afterlifebeliefs in terminally ill patients, found lower levels of end-of-life despair(hopelessness, desire for hastened death and suicidal ideation)

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among those individuals who believe in an afterlife compared to those who are either unsure or do not maintain such beliefs.

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However,when multivariate analyses included a measure of spiritual well-being, the beneficial effect of afterlife beliefs disappeared,

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suggesting that spirituality has a much more powerful effect on psychological functioning than beliefs held about an afterlife.

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This finding is consistent with Marrone’s suggestion that the process in which one finds comfort and protection during the end of life is more important than the actual belief in life after death.

4 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    研究一個大身體被舉辦在過去30年建議有重大,並且複雜協會在靈性,過分篤信宗教和心理起作用在medicalillness和緊急死亡之內上下文之中。 在心理研究,過分篤信宗教被概念化作為組織的套信仰、儀式和實踐參與打算連接到更大的功率,例如上帝。 許多研究員察覺過分篤信宗教作為包含二個組分: 內在過分篤信宗教,提到宗教的綜合化入一.的完全生活和外在過分篤信宗教,提到對過分篤信宗教的用途為社會連通性。 靈性經常被察覺作為與出眾者的普遍連接和查尋意味在可能或不可能與一個神的圖連接的生活中。 注意到,當人們可以是宗教和精神的時察覺自己作為精神在沒有宗教組織時是重要的,它某人是不不凡的。 靈性經常被察覺作為與出眾者的普遍連接和查尋意味在可能或不可能與一個神的圖連接的生活中。 注意到,當人們可以是宗教和精神的時察覺自己作為精神在沒有宗教組織時是重要的,它某人是不不凡的。 許

  • 1 0 年前

    Hi, Shou Chia,

    I feel sorry that I don't know how to type Chinese or I might try to help a little bit. It seems non of the 4 answers is good. You're a medical student, aren't you? Good luck anyway. If still like to get help: pcwzion@yahoo.com

  • 妮妮
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前

    大型機構進行的研究在過去30年表明,有相當多而複雜協會之間的靈性,宗教和心理功能的範疇內medicalillness和/或即將死亡。在心理研究,宗教是作為一個概念

    有組織的信仰,禮儀和習俗進行,其目的是連接到一個更高的力量,如神。許多研究人員認為宗教為含有兩個部分:固有的宗教,指的是一體化的宗教之一的完整的生活,和外在宗教,指的是利用宗教為社會連通。靈性的,往往認為是一項普遍的連接

    超越和尋求生命的意義可能會或可能不會與一個神聖的數字。必須指出的是,雖然人們都可以宗教和精神,這並非罕見有人認為自己的精神在沒有有組織的宗教

  • 1 0 年前

    研究一個大身體被舉辦在过去30年建議有在靈性,過分篤信宗教和心理起作用之中的重大,并且複雜協會在medicalillness和緊急死亡的上下文之內。 在心理研究,過分篤信宗教被概念化作為 組織的套信仰、儀式和實踐允諾了打算連接到更大的功率,例如上帝。 許多研究員察覺過分篤信宗教作為包含二個組分: 內在過分篤信宗教,提到宗教的綜合化入你的完全生活和外在過分篤信宗教,提到使用社會連通性的過分篤信宗教。

    靈性經常被察覺作為普遍連接出眾者和查尋意味在可以或不可以與一個神的圖連接的生活中。 注意到,當人們可以是宗教和精神的時察覺自己作為精神在沒有宗教组止時是重要的,它某人是不凡的。

    參考資料: 字典
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