? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請幫忙把文章作英文大意!

請各位幫個忙,把這篇article作英文的summary。

大約120~150個字,謝謝! : D

In Tanzania, a 50-year-old female chimpanzee dies. Over the next few days, animal researchers observe her son sitting beside his mother’s lifeless body. From tome to time, he takes her hand and makes small crying sounds. Over the next three weeks, the researchers witness a rapid decline in his physical condition. Within a month, the young chimpanzee will also be dead. The cause of death? According to respected chimpanzee expert Jane Goodall, he died of grief.

When an elephants make a circle around the dead animal and put leaves and dirt on the dead body. If the body is removed, they will begin to cry out loud. Baby elephants have been observed smelling the bones of their dead mothers. What are they doing? According to psychiatrist Jeffrey Masson, these animals are clearly expressing their grief at the death of loved one. Their behavior also reveals that they are at least in some way conscious of the meaning of death. In his book When Elephants Weep: The Emotional Lives of Animals, Masson argues that animals, like humans, experience a wide range of complex emotions, including fear, grief, love, joy, jealousy, and shame.

Determining what a person is feeling is difficult enough. Hoe can we possibly know what an animal is feeling? Just observe their behavior, say a growing number of scientists who study animal behavior. Like humans, animals reveal their emotions through their facial expressions and gestures, as well as through the sounds they make.

(有字數限制,還有一段,請耐心看完!:D)

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Until fairly recently, talking about animal consciousness and emotion was frowned upon by the scientific community. Researchers who did so were accused of being unscientific.

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However, today most scientists working in the field of animal behavior recognize that many animals do indeed experience emotions that in the past were only associated with humans.

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But there is still disagreement about which particular emotions animals feel and how deeply they feel them. They also disagree about what effect this knowledge should have on the way animal are treated.

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以上是這篇文章的內容,排版不大好,各位辛苦了,再次感謝!:)

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  • 匿名使用者
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    In Tanzania, a 50-year-old female chimpanzee dies. Her son sits beside her lifeless body. He takes her hand and makes small crying sounds. Also, his physical condition goes into decline rapidly. The young chimpanzee died of grief, said chimpanzee expert Jane Goodle.

    When elephants make a circle around the dead animal or baby elephants smell the bones of their dead mothers , they are expressing their grief at the death of loved one. Psychiatrist Jeffrey Masson argues that animals experience fear, grief, love, joy, jealousy, and shame, just like humans.

    A growing number of scientists who study animal behavior say that animals reveal their emotions through their facial expressions, gestures, and sounds as well.

    Today most scientists working in the field of animal behavior recognize that many animals do experience emotions. However there is still disagreement about the emotions of animals and the effects of this knowledge.

    在不損及本篇文章ㄉ中心思想下, 我已經盡量縮減至146字, 希望能幫上忙 你只說要大意 所以我就不翻成中文了

  • 1 0 年前

    In Tanzania, a 50-year-old female chimpanzee dies. Over the next few days, animal researchers observe her son sitting beside his mother’s lifeless body. From tome to time, he takes her hand and makes small crying sounds. Over the next three weeks, the researchers witness a rapid decline in his physical condition. Within a month, the young chimpanzee will also be dead. The cause of death? According to respected chimpanzee expert Jane Goodall, he died of grief.

    在坦尚尼亞,一50歲母黑猩猩死。 在幾天期間,動物研究人員觀察她的兒子在他的mother s無生氣的身體旁邊坐。 從要調節的大部頭的書中,他握住她的手並且製造小的哭的聲音。 在隨后的3 周裡,那些研究人員目睹在他的物理狀態方面的一次迅速的下降。 在一個月內,幼小的黑猩猩也將死。 死的原因嗎? 根據尊重的黑猩猩專家簡‧古多爾,他死于悲痛。

    When an elephants make a circle around the dead animal and put leaves and dirt on the dead body. If the body is removed, they will begin to cry out loud. Baby elephants have been observed smelling the bones of their dead mothers. What are they doing? According to psychiatrist Jeffrey Masson, these animals are clearly expressing their grief at the death of loved one. Their behavior also reveals that they are at least in some way conscious of the meaning of death. In his book When Elephants Weep: The Emotional Lives of Animals, Masson argues that animals, like humans, experience a wide range of complex emotions, including fear, grief, love, joy, jealousy, and shame.

    當一頭象在死的動物周遭形成一個圈並且把葉子和灰塵放在死尸上時。 如果身體被罷免,他們將開始高聲大聲呼喊。 幼象已經被觀察聞出他們的死的母親的骨頭。 他們在做什麼? 根據精神病醫生傑佛瑞‧馬森,這些動物正清楚對親人的死表達他們的悲痛。 他們的行為也揭示他們至少在某些模式下察覺死的意思。 在他的書裡象哭泣︰ 動物的感情生活,馬森表明那動物,象人,經驗大範圍複雜的情感一樣, 包括懼怕,悲痛,愛,快樂,妒忌和羞恥。

    2009-04-06 05:08:05 補充:

    確定一個人正感到的足夠難。 鋤罐裝我們無論如何知道一種動物正感到什麼嗎? 請觀察他們的行為,說日益增多的研究動物行為的科學家的數量。 象人一樣,動物顯示他們的情感透過他們的面部的表情和手勢,以及透過他們做的聲音。

    2009-04-06 05:08:25 補充:

    直到相當最近,談論動物意識,科學團契對情感皺眉頭了。 確實如此被指控非科學的研究人員。

    2009-04-06 05:08:39 補充:

    但是, 今天在動物行為領域工作的大多數科學家認識到很多動物確實的確經歷過去只被同人交往的情感。

    2009-04-06 05:08:53 補充:

    但是仍然有特別的情感動物感到和他們感到他們多么深的意見不合。 他們也不同意這知識應該在方法動物上有被治療。

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