瓶子 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

文法/ 關係子句 & 介系詞

1. An architect is someone who designs buildings.

為什麼要加someone?用意是什麼?

2. Please tell me what you think. I'm always interested in hearing your opinion.

為什麼是用in hearing,而不是用to hear?

書上說interested to 一般常與hear/see/know/read/learn等動詞一起使用。

請高手解答,感恩!

已更新項目:

我所指的書是 → Grammar in Use Intermediate 藍本 (P.126) B小節,以下是內容:

interested in doing 與 interested to do

1. I'm interested in doing something 意思是我想做某事,我喜歡做某事。

ex: I'm trying to sell my car, but nobody is interested in buying it (不是to buy)

2 個已更新項目:

2. interested to 一般常與 hear/see/know/read/learn等動詞一起使用。

I was interested to hear it 意思是我聽到了某事,而我對這件事很感興趣。

ex: I was interested to hear that Diane got a new job.

4 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. An architect is someone who designs buildings.

    此句是利用關代將兩個子句連結:

    a) An architect is someone.

    b) Someone designs building.

    先行詞: someone-->人-->使用關代who或that

    整合: An architect is someone who designs buildings.

    說明: 如果刪去someone,關係代名詞缺乏先行詞, who designs building 這個形容詞子句就沒有依附的對象(形容詞子句本來是要幫你定義這個someone的工作內容為何,但一旦刪去先行詞,關代會變成直接接到is這個be動詞,形容詞應該不能修飾動詞唷!)

    如果你想刪掉someone,不妨直接改成單一子句: An architect designs buildings.

    2. Please tell me what you think. I'm always interested in hearing your opinion.

    重點: be interested in +名詞

    +動名詞

    be interested to V

    (參照 Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary p.622)

    因此,上述句型還可以有以下可能:

    a) I',m always interested in your opinion.

    b) I'm always interested to hear your opinion.

    以上,供您參考.

    2009-04-23 23:22:32 補充:

    我手邊剛好有你說的這本書,但是落在第65課(P.130)

    它有幫這兩種用法下定義:

    a) be interested in Ving: I am thinking of doing it, I'd like to do it.

    我在考慮做某事,因為我對這件事有興趣

    b) be interested to V:

    ex, I was interested to hear it.

    --> I heard it and it was intesertig to me.

    某件事發生了,而這件發生了的事讓我感到興趣.

    2009-04-23 23:22:57 補充:

    差異:

    *把Ving當成一件事,一個名詞,自己主動追求,因為有興趣

    *it的發生會/已經引起我的興趣

    進階例句:

    * Julia is interested _________________ her own business.

    * I was interested ________________ your letter in the newspaper last week.

    答案應該呼之欲出

    2009-04-23 23:23:05 補充:

    * Julia is interested in starting her own business.

    說明: starting her own business 是她自己有興趣,自己想追求的,所以用ing

    * I was interested to read your letter in the newspaper last week.

    說明: 我看了你刊登在報上的信件內容(並不代表因為你是他的忠實讀者所以專門找他的東西看),看完後覺得這封信讓我產生興趣.

    以上,供您參考!

    參考資料: myself, English Grammar in Use/Intermediate & myself, English Grammar in Use/Intermediate & myself, English Grammar in Use/Intermediate & myself
  • 1 0 年前

    1. An architect is someone who designs buildings.

    為什麼要加someone?用意是什麼?

    這句子應該是用來解釋architect這單字

    說明 architect是個"設計建築"的人

    someone->某某人

    (who是關係代名詞 指人)

    *整句翻譯:建築師就是設計建築的人

    2. Please tell me what you think. I'm always interested in hearing your opinion.

    為什麼是用in hearing,而不是用to hear?

    書上說interested to 一般常與hear/see/know/read/learn等動詞一起使用。

    是嗎?

    應該是用in hearing吧(一般聽到都是這樣,所以也習慣這樣用....說不出為什麼不能用to hear)

    (in+ving/ N.)

    *整句翻譯:告訴我你的想法,我一向對你的見解很感興趣

    參考資料: 我 :D
  • Alex
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    1. An architect is someone who designs buildings.

    Someone 表示"重要人物"或關鍵人物

    意思是

    翻譯為:建築師是設計建築物的重要關鍵人物

    2.Please tell me what you think. I'm always interested in hearing your opinion.

    interested in是一句片語 "對....有興趣"

    對"願意傾聽"一般都用

    後面一般都+Ving 或名詞 表示願意傾聽

    如:

    interested in politics. 對政治有興趣.....

    翻譯為:請告訴我你的想法。我總是很願意聽取您的意見。

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    1. An architect is someone who designs buildings.

    為什麼要加someone?用意是什麼?

    [說明]someone是代名詞指不特定的人,後面加上一個形容詞性質的修飾語who designs building,界定這個人的工作是設計建築。因為someone是名詞,文法上可以當主詞補語時,在意思上可以等於前面的主詞architect。但如果用了形容詞子句在be動詞後面這個位置(主詞補語的位置),文法就錯了。形容詞子句只能當修飾語,不能當補語。單字和片語式的形容詞才能當主詞補語(以及修飾語)。所以本句需要加someone。

    2. Please tell me what you think. I'm always interested in hearing your opinion.

    為什麼是用in hearing,而不是用to hear?

    [說明]to be interested in是常用片語。介系詞 in 的後面只能接名詞當受詞。所以不定詞to hear不能用,可能因為不定詞前面有一個to,先天條件不合吧。

    書上說interested to 一般常與hear/see/know/read/learn等動詞一起使用。

    [說明]你大概看錯了,interested後面不能也不會接to,所以應該是 interesting: It is interesting to hear/see/know/read/learn 或 The book is interesting to me.才對。interest這個字可當名詞,動詞,其分詞可當形容詞,加ed當形容詞用時,有被動的意思,自然就不會加to 了。

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