numbDavid 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文文法 請高手入內

課本上一例句

Bill is a natural leader and "involved" himself in many schoool

activities.

請問為什麼involve是用過去式?

那我如果用原形或Ving(involving)可媽?

已更新項目:

謝謝 我知道了

@水哉~水哉@的回答是對的

但是

Bill is a natural leader and who is involved himself in many school activities.

應該把who改成he才對

謝謝各位的回答

6 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    這句的時態有錯誤吧!?

    Bill is a natural leader "and" involved himself in many schoool

    activities.

    請看 and,

    我們知道 and 是"對等連接詞,"

    "動詞前後時態要一致" 因此改成 involves 才是正確的

    2009-04-27 19:56:44 補充:

    本人在此反駁@水哉~水哉@大大的回答

    involve 本身是及物動詞, 所搭配的情形常見的有下列兩種

    He "is involved in" many schoool activities.

    動詞為 is

    He "involves himeself in" many schoool activities.

    動詞為 involves

    2009-04-27 19:58:57 補充:

    水哉大大說Bill is a natural leader and who "is involved himself" in many school activities. 而 who is 被省略掉,所以才留下最後的involved.

    這種情形已經在同一個句子中形成 "兩個動詞"存在

    (is 和 involved himself) 因此不合理

    2009-05-01 20:08:27 補充:

    To David:

    那已經包刮兩個動詞 (is和 involved himself) 所以完全錯誤

    我相信您知道一個句子裡不能同時存在兩個動詞

    再者中間有對等連接詞 and, involved本來就要改成 involves才是正確的

    若對我的解釋有什麼疑問, 歡迎指教

    2009-05-03 19:45:51 補充:

    Bill is a natural leader and involved himself in many school activities.

    兩個動詞(is 和 involved)時態不正確, involved在此為一般動詞過去式

    Bill is a natural leader (being) involved himself in many school activities

    此句請直接把 himself去掉即可

    因為光是himself 存在這裡,

    involved和 is 就在同一句中形成兩個動詞了!

    2009-05-09 09:26:57 補充:

    抱歉, 沒講清楚...

    因為 involve himeself是一個動作>> 使他自己介入..

    如果說我們直接講

    Bill is a natural leader involved in many school activities.是正確的

    因為 involved在此當"分詞" 修飾了 leader, 在英文裡是可以成立的

    2009-05-09 09:27:07 補充:

    但是像您直接說 Bill is a natural leader (being) involved himself in many school activities.

    那麼在此的 Involve就是一般的 "及物動詞" 會跟前面的 is 形成兩個動詞存在的情況, 因此不正確

    2009-05-09 09:31:25 補充:

    還有, 您還有提到有個片語叫 be/get involeved in

    那個就是可以使用在下列的句子(不會包刮 himself):

    Bill is a natural leader (being) involved in many school activities.

    being本身在此不重要, 在簡化句子中時常省略

    2009-05-09 09:31:32 補充:

    Bill is a natural leader getting involved in many school activities.

    =Bill is a natural leader who gets involved in many school activities.

    在此的 getting 是以分詞形式出現, 可以跟 who gets 互換

  • 1 0 年前

    請問所以Bill is a natural leader and (he is) involved himself in many school activities.括號中的he is被省略這樣的解釋是對的解釋媽?

    2009-05-01 20:01:51 補充:

    又如果是Bill is a natural leader and involves himself in many school activities.這樣這句句子是否正確?

    2009-05-03 19:21:46 補充:

    To騎腳踏車會暈車

    我知道and為對等連接詞所以才來問這個問題的

    課本寫的為involved我也很疑惑

    但後來想到會不會是省略he is而成的

    因為好像有一個片語是be/get involeved in

    所以

    Bill is a natural leader and he is involved himself in many school activities.請問這整句話有錯媽?

    2009-05-03 19:22:09 補充:

    省略he is後呢?

    Bill is a natural leader and involved himself in many school activities.

    把and也省略

    Bill is a natural leader (being) involved himself in many school activities.

    這樣正確媽

    謝謝

    2009-05-09 06:46:26 補充:

    為啥himself在就變成有兩動詞?還是有點霧薩薩

    但謝謝你了騎腳踏車會暈車 !

    2009-05-16 22:00:10 補充:

    謝謝你!

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    involve是及物動詞, he involves himself in many school activities才對(是他自己主動參加活動的意思),不可加himself在is involved後面(因為is involved是被捲入某個問題當中的意思,是違反他的意志),後面沒法再加上himself了。

    2009-04-27 18:25:44 補充:

    Bill is a natural leader "and" involved himself in many schoool activities.這句前面用現在式但後面用過去式是可以的,因為前面是不變的事實,後面是以前曾做過的事,用and連接,不衝突。

    2009-04-27 18:29:04 補充:

    and是對等連接詞,後面是什麼文法性質,前面至少也會有一個和其相同的東西,所以一旦後面是原形動詞,前面也應該有一個。後面是形容詞子句,前面也應該有一個。所以很容易判斷是否有文法錯誤。

  • 1 0 年前

    那句英文的原句應該是........

    Bill is a natural leader and who is involved himself in many school activities. 而 who is 被省略掉,所以才留下最後的involved.

    如果的判斷沒錯的話,應該就是這樣

    希望不會錯 ^^

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  • 1 0 年前

    使專注,使忙於[(+in)]

    He was involved in writing his doctoral dissertation.

    他在聚精會神地寫他的博士論文。

    給你yahoo的翻譯參考

  • 1 0 年前

    那是被動啦!他是反觀主動,所以要用被動!

    哪有人用什麼involving 的!沒有人這樣用啦!

    參考資料: &&&&&&&%&&&&&&&
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