發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文基礎文法~

1.To get there takes one hour, doesn'tt it?

---為什麼不是isn't it?而下面哪句就是?

Swimming in the sea is dangerous, isn't it?

2.Helen is holding one orange. There are others in the basket.

—用the others in the basket.意思一樣嗎?

3.Peter ate one tomato. Then he ate another tomato.

=Peter ate one of them. Then he ate another tomato.

4.We want the other tomatoes.—指其它全部的蕃茄.

We want others tomatoes.---指其它的蕃茄,並非所有的.

5.There are three colors in our flag. One of the colors is white. The other colors are red and blue.

----為什麼不用the others. Color為什麼加s

6.There are many kinds of animals in the world. The horse is one kind. Some other kinds are tigers, lions, and bears.

---為什麼不用others.

請附上說明~

感謝大家的幫忙!!

3 個解答

評分
  • 槑仙
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    你好! (前陣子剛好在看不定代名詞=共有7組)

    001大大是會講會寫but對有疑問的人=要清楚解釋何以然(得罪了)

    other VS another=有不定 / 特定的詞性

    不定代名詞: 單數 another / 複數 others其他的

    不定形容詞: 單數 another (boy) / 複數 other (boys) 其他(男孩們)

    特定代名詞: 單數 the other另一個 / 複數 the others其餘那些

    特定形容詞: 單數 the other (boy)另一個(男孩)

    特定形容詞: 複數 the other (boys) 其餘那些 (男孩們)

    1. 附帶問句= 肯定敘述句 + 否定附帶問句 (反之亦可)

    To get there *takes* one hour, doesn't it?

    @ 動詞是單數takes(肯定句)= 附帶問句用否定單數動詞doesn't

    ---為什麼不是isn't it?而下面哪句就是?--> 附帶問句=要先找前一句的動詞

    (Swimming in the sea)主詞 *is* dangerous, isn't it?

    2.

    Helen is holding one orange. There are others in the basket. (其餘的=沒有指定)

    —用the others in the basket.意思一樣嗎?--> 有指定是哪些其餘的oranges

    3.

    Peter ate one tomato. Then he ate *another* tomato. (another= 有3個以上)

    =Peter ate one of *them*. Then he ate another tomato.

    解題: 因為another= 有3個以上 所以要用代名詞them來代替tomatos

    4.

    We want the other tomatoes.—指其它全部的蕃茄. (書上是說有指定是哪些)

    We want others tomatoes.---指其它的蕃茄,並非所有的. (沒有指定是哪些)

    5.

    There are three colors in our flag. One of the colors is white. The other colors are red and blue.

    ----為什麼不用the others. Color為什麼加s

    分析1: the other colours are ...其餘2個顏色是... (簡單又清楚)

    分析2: 用the others會贅述-->

    the others are one is red and the other is blue其餘呢一個是red和另一個是blue

    6.

    There are many kinds of animals in the world. The horse is *one kind*.

    *Some other kinds* are tigers, lions, and bears.

    ---為什麼不用others.

    分析1: 因為用one kind介紹一種=用some other kinds再介紹幾種就好

    分析2: 用others要介紹=會講不完其餘的所有種類(不定形容詞)

    ~~謝謝觀賞~~ (有問題請來信=一看到馬上來)

    參考資料: 新英文法
  • 心星
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    樓上兩位大大都有很棒的解釋, 這裡稍作簡淺一點解說, 看是否會更容易明白一點.

    1.To get there takes one hour, doesn'tt it?

    ---為什麼不是isn't it?而下面哪句就是?

    到那裡要花一小時, 不是嗎? 這種句型後面的附帶問句部分是要看前面主句的主動詞用甚麼形態, 如果像這一句用簡單現在式肯定句動詞, 後面附帶問句就用簡單現在式的否定句助動詞(don't 或 doesn't)作疑問詞問. 又因它的主詞是第三人稱單數代名詞 it, 所以就是用 doesn't it?

    像下面例句的主動詞是肯定式 be動詞 "is", 所以後面的附帶問句用它否定式 "isn't it?"

    Swimming in the sea is dangerous, isn't it?

    2.Helen is holding one orange. There are others in the basket.

    海倫手上拿著一個橘子, 還有其餘的在籃子裡.

    這裡的Others是代名詞, 是指除了前句所講部分外所有的其餘部分. 所以這裡的 others是指前面Helen手裡拿著的那一個橘子外其餘所有的橘子.

    —用the others in the basket.意思一樣嗎? 是一樣的, 只是你寫的句子沒有動詞, 只要再加上一個 be動詞 are就可以了. "The others are in the basket."

    3.Peter ate one tomato. Then he ate another tomato.

    =Peter ate one of them. Then he ate another tomato.

    原則上是通的, 不過, 通常會把名詞先出現在前面, 後面再用代名詞(Peter ate one of the tomatoes, then he ate another(另一個) one.)但是, 當然這不是一定, 倒過來的寫法也是很常有的.

    4.We want the other tomatoes.—指其它(或說其餘的)全部的蕃茄.

    We want others tomatoes.---指其它的蕃茄,並非所有的.

    是的. 但第二句的 others 不能有"s", 要用形容詞 other, 因為後面有它修飾的名詞"tomatoes", 不可用代替所有格的代名詞 others, 因為它就等於 other tomatoes, 已涵蓋了 tomatoes.

    5.There are three colors in our flag. One of the colors is white. The other colors are red and blue.

    我們的(國)旗子有三種顏色, 其中一種顏色是白色, 其餘(所有)的顏色分別是紅色和藍色.

    ----為什麼不用the others. 是一樣的, 這裡寫 The others = The other colors.

    Color為什麼加s 因這裡是講超過一種以上的顏色, 所以用 "colors"

    6.There are many kinds of animals in the world. The horse is one kind. Some other kinds are tigers, lions, and bears.

    這世上有許多種動物, 馬是其中一種, 其他種類中的(一些 / some)有老虎, 獅子和熊.

    ---為什麼不用others. 因為用others就涵蓋了其餘的所有種類, 但這裡只是講除了馬以外那其中的三種而已.

  • 1 0 年前

    1.To get there takes one hour, doesn'tt it?

    ---因為動詞takes有加s而非加ing所以才要用助動詞do或does又因為知道是加s所以用does

    Swimming in the sea is dangerous, isn't it?

    ---這句動詞是is所以後面就是用is

    2. 其實意思差不多. 通常我們說one / the other表示只有2個有限定the others也是有限定(因為the)

    3. Peter ate one tomato. Then he ate another tomato.= Peter ate one tomato. Then he ate another of them.或Then he ate another one.

    除非 Peter ate one of them. Then he ate another tomato.這句前面有其他句子提到tomato才可以用them.

    4.如你所說的意思

    5. the other在這是當形容詞---"其他的", 所以不加s. color是可數名詞, 又我們在句中知道有其他"2"個顏色, 所以當然加s摟.

    6. 跟第5.的說明一樣在這當形容詞

    希望有幫上忙

    參考資料: me in canada
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