jack1476 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文附和句問題

People are told not to throw away the garbage anywhere ,

____ ?

(A) aren't they (B) don't they (C) are they (D) do they

我選(C) 解答是(A)

看完解答還是不明白 請問為什麼是(C) 謝謝

5 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    樓上001的舉例恐有錯誤, 應該如下兩句才對:

    People are NOT told to throw away garbage anywhere, ARE THEY?

    People are told NOT to throw away garbage anywhere, AREN'T THEY?

    兩句的結構不同, 附帶問句隨主要動詞are或are not而變.

    版主的題目:

    People are told not to throw away the garbage anywhere, ____ ?

    正解: (A) aren't they

    附帶問句要與主句的語意相反, 助動詞are要一致但改為否定, 因此答案是(A).

    2009-05-09 18:08:19 補充:

    本句的關鍵在於are told為被動語態肯定句, 附代問句就用否定; 後面的not to throw...只是受詞(不定詞的否定式), 不與附帶問句作對照.

    are told 要配"aren't they?"

    are not told 才是配"are they?"

    參考資料: 英文文法
  • Amber
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前

    在直述句後加上"是嗎" "不是嗎" 的縮寫問句 以徵求對方同意或確認稱為附加問句

    如何造附加問句

    1.在肯定之後加否定的問句

    Tom is honest , isn't he?

    Your sister likes candies , doesn't she?

    2.在否定之後加上肯定問句

    You aren't tired , are you?

    They can't run fast , can they ?

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    People are told not to throw away the garbage anywhere, aren't they?

    tag question的規則是使用主句的助動詞,主句否定時,尾句用肯定。主句肯定時,尾句用否定。

    你的句子的動詞are told是被動式,are是助動詞,not是用來修飾後面的不定詞to throw away,和動詞無關,如果not 與動詞有關,應放在are及told的中間,即are not told。

    因為你的主句是肯定people are told,所以尾句應選aren't they.

    如果主句是否定的 People are not told to throw away the garbage anywhere, are they?後面的尾句才是用肯定的。

  • 1 0 年前

    People are told not to throw away the garbage anywhere , ____ ?

    (A) aren't they (B) don't they (C) are they (D) do they

    People are told not to throw away the garbage anywhere

    ----這是一個"肯定句"

    不要被" not to throw away"的not騙了!

    not+to 原型V. ------否定的不定詞

    例:Mom asks us not to go out at night.

    媽媽要我們晚上不要出門

    “Mom asks us”是主體

    “not to go out at night”只表示.:媽媽要我們”做什麼”

    本質上仍為肯定句

    故選(A)

    參考資料: myself
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  • 1 0 年前

    如果這句話是否定的話才用能用肯定回答

    如:People are told to throw away garbage anywhere, do they?

    參考資料: 自己
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