:D 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

急用*求中翻英(文章)20點

滿月與度晬

每個人的一生中,都會經過很多個不同的階段,在傳統社會中,對於人的每一個階段都有因應的方式及習俗,稱之為生命禮俗,這種生命禮俗從人一出生就開始了,其中關於出生的禮俗以滿月及度晬是最重要的。有關滿月及度晬的禮俗不但充滿了溫馨,而且也十分有趣。

嬰兒出生滿一個月,叫做 滿月 或者 彌月 ,在這一天,嬰兒家要準備油飯和雞酒,用以祭拜神佛祖以及請客。而外婆家在這一天叫要送頭尾禮;所謂 頭尾 就是指衣著、鞋襪、身飾之類的,比如蝦仔衫、滿月帽、手環等,另外還要送外媽圓、紅龜粿、紅桃等,甚至於其它的親朋好友也會送來衣物、金飾,一般叫做送庚,嬰兒家則會以油飯、雞酒、紅蛋為答禮,現代的人則常用蛋糕作為答禮,或者邀請親朋好友前來吃滿月筵,叫做 吃麻油雞酒。

  滿月的日子是以農曆來論定的,而且還男女有,譬如說農曆二月二日出生的嬰兒兒,男嬰的滿月是二月二日,而女嬰則提前一天為二月一日。通常滿月之前,產婦和嬰兒是不可以外出的,尤其禁止到廟裡,原因是這段期間的婦女和嬰兒被認為不乾淨,因此非常忌諱到神聖的地方。不過如果是因為嬰兒生病或其它因素而外出不可,也是被允許的,但是出了門則必須傘或者戴帽,來加以避邪去晦,這樣的習俗,在台灣民間十分普遍。

  滿月之前,產婦不但不能外出,而且還必須待在房裡調養身體,俗稱坐月子。在這段期,油雞酒是必須的食物,並且禁食冷性的東西,以避損傷身體。在台灣民間,也有不少人是以四十天作為坐月子的期限,把日子延長,其用意無非是確保產婦的身體能夠完全調養恢復。但不管是三十天還是四十天,滿月所象徵的意義,無非是產婦開始恢復正常的生活,而嬰兒則可以開始和外界接觸。

  在早期台灣民間,小孩子滿月時,還盛行喊利鷂的習俗,在趣性中包含著父母長輩對新生小孩子的一種期望,這個習俗是每當小滿月時,要將嬰兒頭髮剃光,稱為剃胎毛,剃的時候,用蔥蛋黃在嬰兒頭上抹一抹才剃,表示會聰明健壯,剃完取壁土其頭上比一比,並且唸 抹壁土,不驚風不驚雨,不驚厝邊大腹肚 以祛除日後可能遇到的沖犯。剃過頭的嬰兒由家人背著過橋,以壯其膽,並且拿一支竹竿去趕利鷂,利鷂就是老鷹的一種,一邊趕一唸著 利鷂飛上山,嬰仔快做官,利鷂飛高高,嬰仔中狀,利鷂飛低低,嬰仔快做爸。 這都是和小孩子滿月有關的有趣的習俗。

小子出生滿一年,台灣語叫「度睟」;睟是周年的意思。

在台灣習俗中,小孩滿一周歲時,必須準備牲禮和紅龜來拜祖先,而小孩的外婆家也要和滿月時一樣,送頭尾和灴龜來祝賀。不過在早期,這種禮俗只有男嬰才有,如果生的是女孩,多半是不送禮的,顯示當時重男輕女的觀念十分普遍。至於接受頭尾的嬰兒家,也必須送相當的金錢來作為答禮;除此之外,在度睟當天還有一項重要的儀式,那就是「抓周」。

所謂抓周,就是在大廳壇前準備一個米篩,裡面放十二種物品,分別是書本筆 算盤 金錢 秤子等,然後將嬰兒置坐於米篩中央,而任由他隨意擇取,其用意是用以卜示嬰兒將來的性向和發展,因此米篩中所放置的每一項物品,都各有代表意義;比如書本表示嬰兒長大後會成為學者。筆則是作家 畫家。至於算盤則是生意人等等。目前,抓周這種台灣的舊習俗,已經十分少見了,大部分的父母對於這種透過儀式來預卜嬰兒未來皂性向發展的方,想必是懷疑甚至是不相信的;不過在早期,透過抓周這樣的活動,卻能讓度晬原有的喜慶,增添些許的趣味。

  俗語說: 七坐八爬九發牙 意思是指嬰兒到了七個月大時,便會坐直;八個月大時會爬行;九個月大時開始長牙。因些,已經度晬滿周歲的嬰兒,一般來說已經到了開始走路和牙牙學語的階段了,這同時也象徵了告別嬰兒時期,正式成為小孩子的重要過程,所以開始與外界接觸的滿月,到脫離懵然無知的度晬,對任何人來說,都是幼兒時期十分重要而且值得祝賀的日子。

已更新項目:

厄 ... 有那種不是用網路直接翻譯的麻?

因為那種文法好像都有錯誤!!

因為這是要交報告的...

麻煩各位大大 ~~~~~~~~

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  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Full moon and degree Zui

    In everyone's whole life , will the , to the person's each stages responds in the traditional society after a lot of different stage ,s of way and custom , call it as the , of the life etiquette and custom's this life etiquette and custom is from person's one birth the , started etiquette and custom concerning birth among them full moon and degree Zui is the most important 。The etiquette and custom concerning full moon and degree Zui wasn't only full of warm and fragrant , and also very interesting 。

    The infant is born a full month , be called full moon or baby's first month , on this day ,'s infant's house want to prepare the , of the glutinous oil rice and chicken wine in order to the fiesta worships Buddha Zu and pays 。And grandmother's house call and send the head and tail gift the ; on this dayThe so-called head and tail means the clothes 、 shoes and socks 、 body decoration of the , of the type for example the shrimp Zi Shan 、 full moon hat 、 hand wreath wait for , to besides still need to send outside mama circle 、 red turtle Guo 、 red peach etc. , even at other friends will also deliver the clothes 、 gold jewelry , to generally be called to send G ,'s infant's house then will take the glutinous oil rice 、 chicken wine 、 red egg as to answer gift , the person of the modern then in common use cake conduct and actions answer gift , to perhaps invite friend to come to eat full moon Yan , to be called to eat the hemp seed oil chicken wine 。

    2009-05-12 23:31:35 補充:

    The day of full moon is with lunar calendar to talk about certainly of , and return men and women to have , like say that infant the son , baby boy's full moon that lunar calendar is born on February 2 is February 2 , and baby girl then a day in advance for February 1 。

    2009-05-12 23:32:43 補充:

    Usually full moon previous , pregnant woman and infant is can't the , going out's particularly forbiding inside , reason in temple is this period of the women and infant be consequently and very thought that the not clean , avoids as taboo sacred of place 。

    2009-05-12 23:32:53 補充:

    However if because the infant gets sick or other factor and egress can't the , is also the , allowed but went out then have to the umbrella perhaps wears hat , to take in to avoid evil go to Hui , the this kind of custom , is in the Taiwanese folks very universal 。

    2009-05-12 23:33:20 補充:

    The full moon previous , pregnant woman not only can't goes out , and has to also stays to adjust to keep body , to be so called an aftercare 。 in the buildingExpecting the , oil chicken wine at this is have to of food , and forbid to eat cold of the thing , hurt by avoiding body 。

    2009-05-12 23:34:09 補充:

    There are a few terms ,s that the persons use 40 days as aftercares in civil , in Taiwan, too prolonging the , to the day its intention nothing but ensuring that the pregnant woman's body can completely adjust to keep instauration 。

    2009-05-12 23:34:35 補充:

    But ignore is 30 days or 40 days, the meaning , symbolized by , full moon nothing but pregnant woman's starting recovering right living , and infant then can start getting in touch with 。 with the external world

    2009-05-12 23:36:07 補充:

    In the earlier period civil Taiwanese full moon of the , child the , return to spread widely to shout the custom , of the benefit Yao to include parents' elder to a kind of expectation , of new-born child, this custom, in the interest is whenever small full moon the ,

    2009-05-12 23:37:16 補充:

    would not shave , to indicate until shave infant's hair light , be called to shave foetus hair at the time that , shaved the , was used spring onion egg yolk on the infant's head put on will the intelligent and strong , finish shaving to take wall soil it head up compare them ,

    2009-05-12 23:38:14 補充:

    and read to put on the wall soil , not surprised breeze not surprised rain , not surprised Cuo side big belly belly to dispel in addition to may meet in the days to come of washing and making 。

    2009-05-12 23:38:50 補充:

    Shave an overdo infant is once carried bridge , by the family the , is with strong its Dan and take a bamboo pole to rush the Yao of the benefit Yao , benefit is an eagle of a kind of , simultaneously rush on reading benefit Yao to fly up mountain , , baby Zi hold

    2009-05-12 23:39:27 補充:

    official post , benefit fast the Yao fly the form , benefit Yao in Gao Gao , baby Zi to fly low , and baby Zi is fast daddy 。 All of this are with interesting relevant custom 。 of child full moon

    2009-05-12 23:40:01 補充:

    The boy is born the , Taiwanese language call 「 degree Sui 」; over a yearThe Sui is the meanings 。 of anniversary

    In Taiwan the custom , kid full one first anniversary the ,

    2009-05-12 23:40:25 補充:

    have to prepare Sheng gift and red turtle to come to do obeisance ancestry , and the kid's grandmother's house to also want with full moon one , send to head and tail and Hong turtle to come to congratulate 。

    2009-05-12 23:40:51 補充:

    However at the , in earlier period's this etiquette and custom only the baby boy just has , if what to get is girl , most likely is don't give presents of the , showed to weigh a male at that time the female's idea very universal 。

    2009-05-12 23:41:18 補充:

    is lightlyAs for accepting , in infant's house of head and tail has to also send equal money to answer gift ; to conduct and actionsIn addition the , still has a rites , of importance on that day at the degree Sui that is the 「 to catch Zhou 」。

    2009-05-12 23:41:41 補充:

    So-called catch Zhou , to put in the hall before the altar the preparation a rice Shai , 12 kinds of article ,s respectively is book pen abacus money steelyard son waits for , then places an infant to sit at the rice Shai central , and allow him to at will choose to take its intention of ,

    2009-05-12 23:41:50 補充:

    is a Bu to in order to show an infant for future of aptitude and development , consequently rice Shai in each article , placed all each have the representative the meaning ;For example the book indicates that the infant

    2009-05-12 23:42:09 補充:

    will become scholar 。 after growing upThe pen is a writer painter 。As for the abacus is a business person etc. 。The , grasps for a week currently, the old custom , of this kind of Taiwan has been very seldom seen ,

    2009-05-12 23:42:29 補充:

    the greatly part of parents foretell an infant through the rites to this kind of the square , of soap aptitude development think necessarily for future is doubt even is don't believe of ;However at the , in earlier period through grasp this kind of activity ,

    2009-05-12 23:42:53 補充:

    for a week can make one degree Zui originally possessed of pleased celebrate the interest 。 that the , increases just some little The common saying says : Seven sit eight climb nine deliver tooth meanings to mean that the , for infant to went to 7-month-old then will sit to keep ;8-month-old

    2009-05-12 23:43:24 補充:

    will crawl along ;9-month-old start growing teeth 。Because some ,s already infant , of degree first anniversary with full Zui generally speaking has already gone to start walking to learn the stage of the language ,

    2009-05-12 23:43:58 補充:

    with tooth tooth this also to symbolize farewell infant in the meantime the period , formally becomes the important process , of child so start and outside contiguous full moon , to escape from Meng however the degree of the ignorance Zui , to anyone all of ,s are the day 。

    2009-05-12 23:45:18 補充:

    of very important and worth kids' periods congratulations

    因為有字數限制

    所以必須分段PO

    有點亂 希望你不介意

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