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Chris
Lv 6
Chris 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文文法及句構問題

Our house was located in an inconspicuous , tranquil little village overlooking the vast sea,

where some people earned their livelihood by fishing

我的問題有兩個

(1)這三個句子,怎麼沒半個連接詞~~~~

(2)tranquil little village overlooking the vast sea 怎麼會是 overlooking

我的認知如下

tranquil little village which was overlooked the vast sea

若要省略寫法,也應該是

tranquil little village overlooked the vast sea

煩請高手指正,謝謝!

4 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    To dear ricky,

    I dont mean to be rude; however, I think your comments is kinda flawed.

    =====================================

    to 板主克勒傑比

    my opinion is different from ricky's, and let me explain mine

    英文文法及句構問題

    Our house was located in an inconspicuous , tranquil little village overlooking the vast sea,

    where some people earned their livelihood by fishing.

    1. 為什麼沒有連接詞??

    A: 因為1st sentence省略掉關係代名詞,而改用動名詞片語,

    and 2nd sentence use WHERE to connect the 1st one.

    2. let me rewrite the whole sentence for you so that you can understand the grammar structure more clearly, ok??

    原來的句子 is as the follwoing,

    Our house was located in an inconspicuous, tranquil little village which overlooks the vast sea.

    Some people earned their livelihood by fishing in that sea.

    A:

    1. 因為省略(關係代名詞which),所以原本的動詞需要改成V-ing形式。

    而且因為是敘述村莊的狀態,因此動詞用現在式即可。

    example,

    The accouting office is on the 2nd floor of building A which locates in the East Wing.

    改寫成

    The accouting office is on the 2nd floor of building A locating in the East Wing.

    2.

    Our house was located in an inconspicuous, tranquil little village which overlooks the vast sea.

    Some people earned their livelihood by fishing in that sea.

    如果用關係代名詞將這兩個句子連接的話,就可以改寫成

    Our house was located in an inconspicuous, tranquil little village which overlooks the vast sea in which some people earned their livelihood by fishing.

    in which 又可以改成 where來連接

    於是就變成了你所看到的句子了

    Our house was located in an inconspicuous, tranquil little village overlooking the vast sea, where some people earned their livelihood by fishing.

    其實這個句子就是只有one point

    that is "relative pronoun 關係代名詞"

    希望這樣的解釋可以幫助您理解

    參考資料: from PinKy
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  • Sophie
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前

    致三位作答的前輩:

    各位的解說都很仔細, 但是也有一些基本的認知問題

    先拆開來看

    1. Our house was located in an inconspicuous, tranquil little village.

    2. The village overlooked the vast sea. (overlooked還是過去式為宜, 因為村落有遷移的可能, 不見得恆久處在俯瞰海洋的高處)

    3. Some people earned their livelihood by fishing in the sea.

    1 & 2 利用共同名詞 village來連接: Our house...village [ the village overlooked...sea]. = Our house...village [that overlooked...sea]. (這個that就是身兼代名詞的連接詞) = Our house...village [ overlooking...sea]. (overlooking是分詞, 不是動名詞)

    從內容來判斷, 第3句原本的連接詞where應是取代 in the sea(在海中捕魚維生), 而不是village. 至於為何有逗點? 一定是這片vast sea在文章的前面已經提過了, 所以這次的形容詞子句 [where some people...by fishing]成了所謂的非限定子句, 僅有補充說明的功能, 而不是界定sea的範圍

    參考資料: Yours Truly
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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    Our house was located in an inconspicuous,tranquil little village overlooking the vast sea,where some people earned their livelihood by fishing.

    這句有兩個子句。主要子句是Our house was located in a little village.

    little village前面接受兩個形容詞的修飾:inconspicuous及tranquil;後面接受一個分詞片語的修飾:overlooking the vast sea

    然後village又接受一個附屬子句(形容詞子句或稱關係子句)的修飾。

    因為修飾的材料較多,所以用了不同的形式,有單字,有片語,有子句。

    inconspicuous和tranquil中間加上逗號,表示兩個形容詞是平行的,同樣重要:又...又...。

    附屬子句前面加上逗號,表示修飾的字不是前面的sea,而是更前面的village。

    where是關係副詞,有連接詞的功能。

    分詞片語改成子句會成為:tranquil little village which overlooked the vast sea,但因為已經有了另一個附屬子句在修飾village,全句會大冗長,用分詞片語較合適。

    若寫成過去分詞:tranquil little village overlooked (by)the vast sea,因為成了被動,村子被大海俯瞰,意思就不通了,因為應該是從村子可俯瞰大海。

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  • ricky
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前

    (歡迎指教)

    (喜歡的話就選我吧)

    Our house was located in an inconspicuous , tranquil little village overlooking the vast sea,where some people earned their livelihood by fishing

    (1)這三個句子,怎麼沒半個連接詞~~~~沒連接詞是因為沒有獨立的句子(至少主詞加動詞)

    inconspicuous, tranquil, little 都是形容詞來修飾 village

    (which was) overlooking the vast sea是關係代名詞所引導的形容詞子句修飾village

    where some people .... 是關係副詞所引導的形容詞子句修飾village

    都是形容詞或是形容詞子句 所以都不用加連接詞

    (2)tranquil little village overlooking the vast sea 怎麼會是 overlooking

    我的認知如下

    tranquil little village which was overlooked the vast sea

    若要省略寫法,也應該是

    tranquil little village overlooked the vast sea

    overlook 動詞 (坐臥/下望/下探..)

    英英翻譯是 have a view of from above

    既然 village(村莊) 可以主動 【下望】大海 就不用用被動

    所以是 village, 【which was overlooking】 the vast sea

    省略"which was" 變成 overlooking

    有相關問題的話 歡迎補充

    參考資料: 美國多年留學&英文分類高手的我
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