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no nickname 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前



   想請問一下,comb 和bomb的mb中的b不發音,



5 個解答

  • 1 0 年前

    Silent letters

    Have you ever wondered why there are so many words in the English language with silent letters? Here are three reasons why English has so many silent letters:

    Old English was 90% phonemic (words sound the same as they look). But from the beginning of the 15th century, we began to borrow words from other languages. Because grammar and usage rules are different in other languages, adopted words did not follow the rules of English pronunciation.

    The English language 'borrowed' the Latin alphabet, and so we have only got 26 letters to represent around 41 different significant sounds. This means that we must attempt to use combinations of letters to represent sounds.

    In the Middle English Period, William Caxton brought the printing press to England . As time passed, pronunciation continued to change, but the printing press preserved the old spelling. That's why today we have words that end in a silent 'e', or have other silent letters in the middle, like 'might'. In fact, modern day English is only 40% phonemic. So handouts/ Rui:writing/SilentLetters.doc



    2009-05-28 02:06:32 補充:

    Axel Wijk came up with over 100 rules for English spelling. It is claimed that by using these rules, you can spell up to 85% of the words in English with 90% accuracy. But is this really helpful? Basically, no! It gets so complicated that a much easier approach is to memorize sight words.

    2009-05-28 02:07:09 補充:

    So you can see that unfortunately there is no clear way to know about all the silent letters in English. But is it a hopeless case? Well, the best we can do is to offer the following list of some silent letters:

    2009-05-28 02:07:41 補充:

    Words with a silent:

    B comb, lamb, climb, bomb, tomb, thumb, dumb, crumb, numb, plumber, debt, doubt, subtle

    2009-05-28 02:07:55 補充:

    C scene, scent, science, scissors (but not sceptic), muscle, corpuscle, yacht, indict

    2009-05-28 02:08:15 補充:

    D Wednesday, handkerchief, handbag, sandwich, handsome

    2009-05-28 02:08:30 補充:

    G gnome, gnaw, gnat, phlegm, sign (but not signal), foreign, champagne, feign, diaphragm

    2009-05-28 02:08:54 補充:

    GH high, right, night, might, sight, sigh, brought, thought, caught, ought, daughter, weigh, neighbour, straight; (but sounds like ‘ff’ in cough, rough, enough, tough)

    2009-05-28 02:09:13 補充:

    H cheetah, Sarah, messiah, annihilate, vehement, vehicle, rhyme, rhubarb, rhythm, rhinoceros, rhesus, rhapsody, rhetoric, rheumatism, rhododendron, exhaust, exhibition, exhort (but not exhale), honest, hour, honour, heir, ghost, Birmingham, what, wham, whip, whiz, when, where, whether, why

    2009-05-28 02:09:36 補充:

    K knife, knock, knockout, know, knew, knowledge, knee, kneel, knit, knob, knot, knight, knighthood, knapsack, knuckle, knead, knickers, knackers, knockers

    2009-05-28 02:10:12 補充:

    L talk, walk, folk, yolk, half, calf, salmon, almond, calm, colonel, could, would, should

    M mnemonic

    N damn, autumn, column, hymn, solemn, condemn, government

    2009-05-28 02:10:38 補充:

    P psalm, pneumatic, pneumonia, psychology, psychiatry, psychotherapy, psychotic, psychic, psychedelic, pseudo, pseudonym, cupboard, receipt, raspberry, corps, coup, Campbell

    2009-05-28 02:11:07 補充:

    R February, iron

    S island, isle, aisle, viscount, corps

    T castle, often, thistle, fasten, soften, whistle, listen, Christmas, rustle, glisten, mortgage, ballet, waistcoat, rapport

    2009-05-28 02:11:33 補充:

    W whole, write, wrong, wring, wrap, wrapper, wreck, wrinkle, wriggle, wrist, wrestling, wren, writ, wrath, sword, two, answer, whore, Greenwich, Norwich

    Y prayer, mayor

    Z rendezvous

    2009-05-28 02:11:54 補充:

    Silent vowels – vowels are silent (or unpronounced) in many words. Here are a few of the trickier examples

    2009-05-28 02:12:11 補充:

    A deaf, meant, cocoa, musically, realistically, logically, historically

    E ev(e)ry, ev(e)ning, diff(e)rent, sev(e)ral, int(e)resting, veg(e)table, lit(e)rature, temp(e)rature

    2009-05-28 02:12:26 補充:

    I bus(i)ness, fashion, cushion, med(i)cine

    O leopard, jeopardy, choc(o)late

    U biscuit, build, guild, plague, rogue, guess, guest, tongue, catalogue, intrigue, league, vague, guide, guidance, guitar, disguise, guarantee, guard]

    參考資料: above 15 years teaching experience
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  • ?
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    聽尼這麼一說,才發現,幾乎所有以「..mb」結尾的字,b 都不發音的哦! 虧尼想得出來這些問題,真是有趣!

    在國外有一種說法是,本來 b 是要發音的,但久而久之人們認為又要發m音又要b的實在有點不方便,所以就變成不用發音了。


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  • 1 0 年前


    跟後面有無母音應無關係,像 bomber 的 b 依舊不發音,即為明顯例證

    2009-05-23 23:16:59 補充:


    2009-05-23 23:18:26 補充:


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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    comb 和bomb的mb中的b不發音

    是因為這個子音在字尾,沒有母音的幫忙,所以發不出聲音來,但發這個子音的嘴巴動作還是要做。如果comb, bomb這兩個字放在句子中,遇到母音開頭的字在後面,就會發出聲音來了,讓後面的字聽起來好像前面多了一個字母。



    英文的字母有m, n, l這三個是帶音節的子音字母,不須要母音的幫忙,也可以發成像是一個獨立的音節。注音時是在音標下面加上一個小黑點。

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  • 1 0 年前


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