磁碟片 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

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Constructivism

was an artistic and architectural movement in Russia from 1914 onward, and a term often used in modern art today, which dismissed "pure" art in favour of art used as an instrument for social purposes, namely, the construction of the socialist system. The term Construction Art was first used as a derisive term by Kazimir Malevich to describe the work of Alexander Rodchenko in 1917. Constructivism first appears as a positive term in Naum Gabo's Realistic Manifesto of 1920. Kazimir Malevich also worked in the constructivist style, though he is better known for his earlier suprematism and ran his own competing group in Vitebsk. The movement was an important influence on new graphic design techniques championed by El Lissitzky.

As a part of the early Soviet youth movement, the constructivists took an artistic outlook aimed to encompass cognitive, material activity, and the whole of spirituality of mankind. The artists tried to create art that would take the viewer out of the traditional setting and make them an active viewer of the artwork. Most of the designs were a fusion of art and political commitment, and reflected the revolutionary times.

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    構成主義(構成派)

    為在俄羅斯境內,自1914年開始的藝術與建築之運動,此一術語在現代藝術中常被用到,它排除了單單為了社會目的 (即社會主義架構) 而使用的 “純藝術” 。構成主義藝術一語,首次出現於被Kazimir Malevich用以當嘲笑語來描述Alexander Rodchenko在1917年的作品。而構成主義第一次被正面的使用,是在1920年,Naum Gabo所作的寫實之Menifesto。Kazimir Malevich也曾以構成主義者風格來從事創作,雖然他因早期的至上主義而廣為人知,且在Vitebsk有經營自己的競爭團隊。此運動也大大影響了El Lissizky所得獎的新繪畫設計技巧。

    身為蘇維埃早期運動的一部分,構成主義者以藝術家的觀點直指圍繞在人世間的有形物質活動,與整體人類的靈性。這些藝術家嘗試創造出一種藝術,將觀眾帶離傳統的佈景,而在其設計作品內,使觀眾變成主動參與的觀賞者。大部分的這些設計已熔合了藝術和政治承諾,並成為當時革命時期的一面反映的鏡子。

    參考資料: myself in several hours
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