匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

prevent 與 avoid 的差異

感覺這2個字意思很相近,預防、避免

這2個字應該怎麼使用才恰當? 謝謝!

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Avoid與Prevent這兩個字是意思完全不同的字。以下是Merriam-Webster線上字典的說明:

    1) avoid 避免 (消極策略)

    源自古法文esvuider, 清空 ("to empty out," from es- "out" + vuidier "to be empty"); 到了法國統治英國時期便產生了avoider , 清除("to clear out, withdraw oneself); 到了中古世紀英文 avoiden, 逃避; 躲開 (escape, evade). 在法律用語 avoid 為使其失效 (invalidate). 並且avoid的同義字(Synonym)中並無 prevent, 因此可證明這兩個字不能互相替代.

    avoid + 受詞 (N. or Ving) 避免某事物(人),某動作.

    例句:

    a) I avoided him as much as possible. 我儘可能的躲開他.

    b) They would go through the hotel kitchen to avoid the public.它們會穿過飯店廚房以避開大眾.

    c) I knew how to avoid the sniper fire. There was this big, tall building protecting me. 我知道怎麼躲過狙擊...

    試比較這兩句

    I don't want to wake the children. (不想吵醒)

    I avoided waking the children. (避免吵醒)

    2) prevent 預防 (主動積極策略)

    源自拉丁文 praevenire, 期待阻止 (anticipate to hinder), 字首pra "在...之前,before" + 字尾venire "到來,to come",意思就是知道事情可能會發生,但事先準備,一旦發生了也不會落到自己或某人頭上.

    prevent sb. from sth. 防止某人做某事; 或防止某事發生在某人身上

    例句:

    a) The mechanism can examine the program and prevent it running if it looks suspicious. 這個裝置會檢查程式並防止可疑軟體的執行.

    b) The keys were organised in such a way to prevent the typist from typing too quickly. 按鍵是以這樣的規則排列,以預防打字者打得太快.

    c) Make sure the carrycot cover is fixed firmly in place, to help prevent your baby from being thrown out in the event of a crash. 確認嬰兒床保護蓋是否蓋妥,以預防撞擊時,您的幼兒不致被拋出.

    像這樣易混淆的字只要查英英字典, 比較差異及用法就不難分辨.

    2009-06-05 10:52:32 補充:

    字首pra為誤植, 正確應為 字首 prae

    參考資料: www.merriam-webster.com
  • 3 年前

    AVOID VIRUS

  • 1 0 年前

    prevent 提早預防

    avoid 避免、撤銷

    Must to prevent to catch a cold in the flu season.

    In flu season avoid to public place

    參考資料: 經常有使用的兩個單字
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