? 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

Notwithstanding的詞性

問題(1)

句子1

Notwithstanding that he is nice, I don’t like him.

(句中的Notwithstanding的詞性為介系詞)

句子2

Notwithstanding he is nice, I don’t like him.

(句中的Notwithstanding的詞性為副詞連接詞)

句子3

He is notwithstanding nice, I don’t like him.

句中的Notwithstanding的詞性為副詞)

句子2和句子3的文法有錯嗎

問題(2)

句子1的意思和句子2的意思、句子3的意思有一樣嗎

2 個解答

評分
  • Elisa
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Before I provide the answer to your question, I would like you to look at the following examples on how “notwithstanding” is used in different situations.

    a) Notwithstanding my strong opposition, John went the concert alone.

    (介系詞)

    b) Notwithstanding I strongly opposed, John went to the concert alone.

    (副詞連接詞)

    c) I strongly opposed; John went to the concert alone, notwithstanding.

    (副詞)

    Can you see the difference now?

    問題(2)

    句子1的意思和句子2的意思、句子3的意思有一樣嗎?

    Ans:

    句子1的意思和句子2的意思一樣

    句子1的意思和句子3的意思一樣, 但在句子內的放置位置是不同的

    See above

    By the way, the sentences you provided are not very good examples of the usage of the word “notwithstanding”.

    問題(1)

    句子2和句子3的文法有錯嗎? See below

    句子2 (文法沒錯)

    句中的Notwithstanding的詞性為副詞連接詞

    = In spite of the fact that; although

    Notwithstanding he is nice, I don’t like him. (Correct)

    句子3 (文法有錯)

    句中的Notwithstanding的詞性為副詞

    = Nevertheless; yet

    There is a grammar and usage error. Comma should not be used. It should either be a semi-colon or a period before the word “I” because there is no conjunction in this sentence.

    Correction:

    He is nice; I don’t like him, notwithstanding.

    More example:

    I treated him poorly; he is nice to me notwithstanding.

    2009-07-03 05:24:14 補充:

    I wasn't reading it closely. 副詞連接詞 is incorrect.

    There are three types of conjunctions:

    Coordinating conjunction (對等連接詞), subordinating conjunction (從屬連接詞 or 附屬連接詞) and correlative conjunction (相關連接詞).

    2009-07-03 05:25:34 補充:

    附屬連接詞連接附屬子句與主要子句

    Common subordinating conjunctions are:

    after, although, as, because, before, how, ....

    See http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/elisa-world/article?mid...

    In this case, notwithstanding in sentence (b) and (2) acts as 附屬連接詞.

    2009-07-03 05:34:14 補充:

    The reason that sentence (3) is incorrect is partly due to the misuse of comma and partly due to the error in logic.

    You can say:

    I treated him poorly; he is notwithstanding nice to me.

    2009-07-03 05:34:59 補充:

    However, you cannot say:

    I dislike him; he is notwithstanding nice. ==> The entire sentence does not make sense at all. Nobody will understand what you are trying to say.

    Sometimes, you can have perfect grammar but if you commit usage error or logic error, it is an incorrect /illogical statement.

    2009-07-03 05:39:10 補充:

    For example:

    I liked Johny although I hate him.

    I dislike him although he is real.

    2009-07-03 05:47:09 補充:

    The reason that I said 在句子內的放置位置是不同的 is because the meaning is slightly different.

    Let's look at this example:

    notwithstanding (adv.)

    I treated John poorly; he is notwithstanding nice to me.

    = I treated John poorly; he is nevertheless nice to me.

    2009-07-03 05:48:26 補充:

    notwithstanding (conjunction)

    Notwithstanding I treated him poorly, he is nice to me.

    = Although I treated him poorly, he is nice to me.

    2009-07-03 05:53:43 補充:

    I cannot add any more to my answer. So here it is.

    notwithstandin (prep.)

    Notwithstanding my poor treatment to him, he is nice to me.

    = In spite of my poor treatment to him, he is nice to me.

    2009-07-03 05:53:55 補充:

    When "notwithstanding" is used as 副詞, it means "還是"

    When "notwithstanding" is used as 附屬連接詞 or 介系詞, it means "雖然".

    Can you see the difference now?

    2009-07-03 05:54:31 補充:

    Sorry. A typo.

    notwithstanding (prep.)

    Notwithstanding my poor treatment to him, he is nice to me.

    = In spite of my poor treatment to him, he is nice to me.

    2009-07-03 05:58:16 補充:

    Therefore, 在句子內的放置位置是不同的.

    1. Notwithstanding I treated him poorly, he is nice to me.

    => Here, "notwithstanding" is place nex to the phrase "I treated him poorly"

    2009-07-03 06:00:48 補充:

    3. I treated him poorly; he is notwithstanding nice to me.

    => Here, "notwithstanding" is placed in the phrase "he is nice to me".

    Can you see the difference? One is place in the first clause, the other one in the second clause.

    2009-07-03 06:02:49 補充:

    That is why you committed not only grammar error but also ussage error in your sentence #3.

    He is notwithstanding nice, I don’t like him. (X)

    => He is nice; I notwithstanding dislike him. (not a very good sentence).

    2009-07-03 19:31:34 補充:

    So for your sentences:

    1. Notwithstanding his niceness , I don’t like him.

    儘管他很好,我不喜歡他

    (notwithstanding - 介系詞)

    => There is usage error in your sentence #1. Thjs is the correction.

    2009-07-03 19:32:12 補充:

    2. Notwithstanding he is nice, I don’t like him.

    儘管他很好,我不喜歡他

    (notwithstanding - 附屬連接詞)

    => This is correct.

    3. He is nice; I notwithstanding dislike him.

    他很好,我還是不喜歡他

    (notwithstanding - 副詞)

    => This is the correction.

    2009-07-03 19:32:36 補充:

    This is similar to the examples stated below.

    Although I hate him, he loves me.

    In spite that I hate him, he loves me.

    I hate him but he loves me.

    I hate him; he still loves me.

    I hate him; he nevertheless loves me.

    2009-07-03 19:32:58 補充:

    Now you can see why "notwithstanding" 詞性不同在句子內的放置位置是不同的, 一個在附屬子句, 一個在主要子句.

    If you have any more questions, please let me know.

    參考資料: Myself. Went abroad at age 11. 32 years of experience speaking and writing English. A project manager in the US since 1992
  • rhody
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    Notwithstanding that he is nice, I don’t like him.

    (句中的Notwithstanding的詞性為介系詞)

    Notwithstanding的詞性為介系詞時,that 即為受格,可省略,

    省略後卻變成了句子2,所以that 不放在介詞後,Notwithstanding為介系詞的用法參考樓上大姐的例句即可。

    句子2

    Notwithstanding he is nice, I don’t like him.

    (句中的Notwithstanding的詞性為副詞連接詞)

    連接詞只有從屬連接詞和對等連接詞兩種,所以應該說從屬子句做副詞用而非副詞連接詞。

    句子3

    He is notwithstanding nice, I don’t like him.

    句中的Notwithstanding的詞性為副詞)

    Notwithstanding的詞性在此是副詞,副詞可放在句首、句中或句尾,副詞置於句中,在be動詞或助動詞之後,一般動詞之前,所以文法無誤。

    2009-07-03 03:08:25 補充:

    句子3逗點應換成分號

    參考資料: 任何一本文法書都查得到
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