Vikiki Li 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文問題(英檢中級)

(1) _______ by a full day of sightseeing, the tourists went up to their hotel rooms right after dinner to rest.

A. Taken over

B. Put away

C. Called off

D. Worn out

答案是 D. Worn out,(1)想知道為什麼(最好是詳解),謝謝!!

(2)據我所知Worn out是形容詞片語,"精疲力竭的"的意思,而為什麼by前面要接adj??

(3)這裡的by 是什麼意思??

2 個解答

評分
  • Sophie
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    這句話是因果關係的複句

    簡單來說, 它把一個表示原因的子句, 和一個表示結果的子句合成一長句:

    1. The tourists were worn out by a full day of sightseeing. (原因)

    2. They went up to their hotel rooms right after dinner to rest. (結果)

    一般我們用because連接因果關係:

    Because the tourists were worn out by a full day of sightseeing, they went up to their hotel rooms right after dinner to rest.

    這時我們發現兩個子句的主詞是相同的the tourists, 就可以(1)拿掉because子句的主詞 (2)將完整的動詞were worn out改成分詞worn out (3)將留下的主詞表達清楚they-->the tourists:

    Worn out by..., the tourists went up...

    以上明白了嗎?

    先說您的問題 (2)和 (3)

    (3)By + 造成他們精疲力竭的事

    Longman字典第一條就列出: "BY" is used especially with a PASSIVE verb to say who or what does something or makes something happen

    (2)by的使用重點是: 它是介係詞, 後面要接名詞之類, 例如本句的a full day. 至於前方可以是各種詞性的字眼, 我寫幾個例句您看看:

    The boy was attacked by a stray dog.

    Send the contract by airmail.

    They travelled around the island by train.

    She grabbed me by the arm.

    (1)其它三選項意義不能解釋為何他們吃過晚餐直接回房休息

    take over: The company was taken over by a foreign investor.接管

    put away: Class, put your books away. It's time for the test.收起來

    call off: The game was called off because of heavy rain.取消

    參考資料: Longman Dictionary & myself
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  • 1 0 年前

    推001的回答~~

    這題就是分詞構句的用法

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