Johnson 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

Give up drinking 動名詞位置

請問 Give up the work , Give the work up "up"是副詞

名詞可以換位置 請問動名詞可以嗎

4 個解答

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  • rabbit
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Give up drinking 動名詞位置

    請問 Give up the work , Give the work up "up"是副詞

    名詞可以換位置 請問動名詞可以嗎

    give up drinking ---- OK

    give drinking up---- Not OK...very weird.

    參考資料: rabbit
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  • 1 0 年前

    感謝johson問這個好問題

    可惜Georffery回答最詳細,卻未獲選最佳解答.

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  • 1 0 年前

    1.give up=>放棄

    在這一用法時,兩字不分開,通常指經過一番爭扎,宣告放棄

    I cannot cope with it anymore; I give up!

    1-1.give sth up=>stop(doing it)

    I wish I could give up smoking.

    在give up中夾名詞的話有以下情況

    你必須用give +N+up+to+sb.

    You should give your seat to the elders in a crowded bus.

    將動名詞夾在中間是不合文法的

    動名詞是由動詞轉換作名詞使用

    與名詞不能劃上等號

    比如 drinking由動詞轉形的動名詞在意義上是"喝酒"

    而drink本身也是名詞當"飲料"解

    又smoke也是同樣情形

    它的動名詞smoking指的是"抽煙"這回事

    而本身也是名詞作"煙"解

    give up之用法詳如下:

    2.give sombody up=>a:宣稱對某人放棄希望表他無可就藥b:俗語上

    稱與某人斷絕往來c:不再期待某人

    a.Since Tom keeps his bad behaviour in the school for so long,the teacher gives him up and sends him back to his parents.

    a.After a hard first aid,the doctor gave him up in grief.

    b.He could't stand his girl-friends' nagging so he gave her up.

    c.She was so late that we had given her up.

    圖片參考:http://l.yimg.com/f/i/tw/ugc/rte/smiley_34.gif

    2009-08-09 10:35:04 補充:

    Correction:

    You should give your seat " up "to the elders in a crowded bus.

    2009-08-09 10:35:06 補充:

    Correction:

    You should give your seat " up "to the elders in a crowded bus.

    2009-08-09 10:48:19 補充:

    Give the work up

    其用法亦同

    He gave the work up to the new comers,

    so that we got much more chances

    to have a job here.其中up不是副詞

    它是與動詞連用之"介詞"

    V+prep. O.K?

    參考資料: Geoffery T., Geo, Geo, Geo
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  • 1 0 年前

    一般的用法, 如果give up的受詞是名詞, 最好把give up 聯再一起 (Give up drinking/smoking/golf/the opportunity...). 如果使用代名詞, 則可以放在中間, as in "Give it up".

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