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冰島景點翻譯英文翻中文

Geological activity

The erupting Great Geysir in Haukadalur valley, the oldest known geyser in the world.A geologically young land, Iceland is located on both the Iceland hotspot and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which runs right through it. This combined location means that geologically the island is extremely active, having many volcanoes, notably Hekla, Eldgjá, Herðubreið and Eldfell. Iceland is one of two places on Earth where a mid-ocean ridge rises above sea level, making it an easily accessible site to study the geology of such a ridge[citation needed]. The volcanic eruption of Laki in 1783-1784 caused a famine that killed nearly a quarter of the island's population;[12] the eruption caused dust clouds and haze to appear over most of Europe and parts of Asia and Africa for several months afterward.

Dettifoss, the most powerful waterfall in Europe, located in northeast Iceland.There are also many geysers in Iceland, including Geysir, from which the English word is derived, as well as the famous Strokkur which erupts every 5–10 minutes. After a phase of inactivity, Geysir started erupting again after a series of earthquakes in the year 2000.

With this widespread availability of geothermal power, and because many rivers and waterfalls are harnessed for hydroelectricity, most residents have inexpensive hot water and home heat. The island itself is composed primarily of basalt, a low-silica lava associated with effusive volcanism like Hawaii. But Iceland has various kinds of volcanoes, many of which produce more evolved lavas such as rhyolite and andesite. Iceland was also formed by those volcanoes.

Iceland controls Surtsey, one of the youngest islands in the world. Named after Surtr, it rose above the ocean in a series of volcanic eruptions between 8 November, 1963 and 5 June, 1968.[11] Only scientists researching the growth of new life are allowed to visit the island.[13]

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  • 金永
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    1 0 年前
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    地質活動

    在Haukadalur山谷的間歇泉已知是世界上最早爆發大噴泉。 一塊地質學年輕的土地,冰島位於冰島熱點和大西洋中部脊,這一直透過它運轉。 這個被結合的位置表明地質學島極其是活躍,有的很多火山,特別是Hekla,Eldgj Her brei 和Eldfell。 冰島是兩個地方,在那裡在地球上在一座中間海洋的脊提升海拔高度的地方之一, 使研究這樣的一座脊的地質學是一個容易可達到的場所 [引證需要 ]. 萊基的火山爆發在1783-1784年引起殺死差不多島的人口的四分之一的飢荒; [12]爆發引起灰塵雲和霾超過亞洲和非洲的大多數歐洲和部分出現下那之後幾個月。

    Dettifoss, 在歐洲的最強有力的瀑布, 位於東北冰島.那裡也有很多間歇泉,包括噴泉,其中英語單字被得到和每5 0 分鐘爆發的著名的Strokkur。 在一個不活動性的階段之後,間歇泉在2000 年的一系列地震之後開始再次爆發。

    由於地熱能的這廣泛的可用性,和因為很多河和瀑布被為水電利用, 大多數居民有廉價的熱水和家熱。 島本身主要由玄武岩組成,低矽石的熔岩象夏威夷一樣與熱情洋溢的火山活動相關。 但是冰島有各種各樣的火山,其中很多生產更逐步形成的象流紋岩和安山石那樣的熔岩。 那些火山也形成了冰島。

    冰島在世界上控制Surtsey,最年輕的島之一。 以Surtr命名,它在在11月8日,1968年6月1963 和5日之間的一系列火山爆發裡上升到海洋以上。 [11]只有研究新生活的發展的科學家被允許參觀島。 [13]

    參考資料: iron man-T
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