kelly 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

文法求救~有關分詞構句

While traveling in Europe,___D_.

A)beautiful scenery could be seen

B)the fog of London impressed

C)the European countries were pretty

D)he became quite ill

文法很弱,請回答仔細,感恩

Returning to my apartment,_A___.

A)found my watch was missing

B)I found my watch disappear

B為何不行?

5 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    While traveling in Europe,___D_.

    A)beautiful scenery could be seen

    B)the fog of London impressed

    C)the European countries were pretty

    D)he became quite ill

    獨立分詞片語如未標示主詞, 表示共用主要子句之主詞, 也就是說, 主要子句之主詞必須就是分詞片語中那位旅行者, 是人而不是物, (A)(B)(C)都是物, 只有(D)為正解.

    Returning to my apartment,_A___.

    A) I found my watch was missing

    B) I found my watch disappear

    版主在(A)選項漏打了主詞"I", 致使樓上的三位回答者都寧選(B), 其實(B)是錯誤的, 因為find是一般動詞(而非知覺動詞或使役動詞), 後面接原式disappear是不對的.

    正解: (A) I found my watch was missing. 其中was可省略.

    (B)應改為: I found (that) my watch disappeared.

    其中that可省略, 而my watch是主詞而非受詞, 關鍵在於disappear是瞬間動詞, 不宜像(A)中的missing那樣使用現在分詞disappearing的形式, 因為不會有「正在消失」之情況. missing是表狀態當形容詞用, 所以沒有問題, disappearing卻不能當形容詞用.

    I found my watch disappear. (X)

    I found my watch disappearing. (X)

    I found my watch lying there. (O) ← lie是可延續動詞.

    I found my watch gone. (O) ← my watch當受詞, go是可延續動詞.

    I found (that) my watch disappeared. (O) ← my watch當子句主詞, disappeared是過去式, 時態與found一致.

    樓上有人說物的miss與disappear要用被動語態, 這是大錯特錯, 因為miss與disappear是"物主動"動詞, 可直接用主動語態或現在分詞(當adj.), 例如:

    It's missing. = It's gone.

    When the magician lifts the cover, the little rabbit disappears.

    註: 物的lose才是使用被動語擡態be lost.

    參考資料: 英文文法
  • 1 0 年前

    While traveling in Europe, he became quite ill.

    由現在分詞組成的副詞片語省略了主詞(必須和主要句子主詞相同才能省略), 因此只有D) 的主詞 he 才能 "旅行" 且 "生病"

    Returning to my apartment,_A___.

    A)found my watch was missing

    B)I found my watch disappear

    B為何不行?

    A) missing 是形容詞 (找不到的, 失蹤的), 作為 my watch 的補語.

    B) 不行, 因為除非有連接詞, 一個句子不能有兩個動詞 (found 和 disappear)

    參考資料: myself
  • 1 0 年前

    在第一句當中,因為while是連接詞,所以它是連接兩個子句.但是版主疑問的地方應該是while traveling這個地方.其實,連接詞所連接的子句,若和後面子句的主詞相同,文法中也可以將連接詞所帶出的子句的主詞刪掉,將動詞改成分詞構句. eg.When he reached home,he saw his mother cooking.這句話可以改成When reaching home,he saw his mother cooking.但若是主詞不同時,要將連接詞帶出的子句的主詞保留,動詞改成分詞構句. eg.After he finished his meal, his mother told him to take a shower.可以改成After he finishing his meal, his mother told him to take a shower.

    在第二句中,我覺得兩個答案都是錯的.首先(A)found my watch was missing.第一,因為手表不會自動不見,所以應該要改成被動句,第二,因為你第一句已經分詞構句,不算句子,後面那句就必須是完整子句.所以可以將(A)改成I found my watch was missed.或是改成find (that) my watch was missed.再者,B)I found my watch disappear乍看下答案可以,但其實也犯了和第一句一樣的文法:被動句.因為手表不會自動不見,所以應該要改成被動句.所以如果要選(B),應該要改成I found my watch disappeared.才對

    參考資料:
  • 1 0 年前

    版主這兩題的句型,都是在考前後主詞要一致。

    第一題 While traveling in Europe, (travelling) 的一定是個人。A-D 答案裏只有 D he became quite ill 的主詞 he 是個人,所以選它。

    同樣的,第二題 Returning to my apartment, (returning) 動作必定是個人,而且最可能是 "I" (跟 my 對應)。隨意答案一定是 B 不可能是 A (A 的話,整個句子就沒有主詞了)

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  • 1 0 年前

    第一句不是分詞構句

    While traveling in Europe, he became quite ill. =

    He became quite ill while ( he was) traveling in Europe. ~相當於~

    He became quite ill while he travelled in Europe.

    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    第二題

    答案不可能是 A)found my watch was missing

    因為沒有主詞,又不是祈使句。

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