Scotland is to the north of England. 蘇格蘭在英格蘭以北.
to reach the state of=toward(s)
to的意思有給, 指向,至,到,屬於,形成,導致, 去,
It feels/looks/smells to….., want to, This coffee is too hot to drink…, He is old enough to go to school. It is wrong to steal.偷竊是錯的. Leave the door almost to close.
walking toward(s) the sea 向著海走去.
What will the government’s attitude be toward(s) plan?政府對於該項計畫持有態度? 這裡的toward是as regards, in relation to 關於,對於
We must save money toward(s) the children’s education. 我們必須為了孩子的教育而存錢. (這裡的toward(s)=for the purpose of)
Toward(s) the end of century 將近該世紀的末尾. (這裡的toward(s)是near(指時間)接近的意思)
What is the difference between toward and towards?(摘錄自文法書)
I was recently sent an email asking if I knew the difference between toward and towards. From what I was taught and can gather, the only distinction between the two is that towards is traditionally used in British English and toward is more traditionally used in American English. The two words are both correct and can be used interchangeably. http://hubpages.com/hub/Grammar_Mishaps__Toward_vs_Towards
A bit more clarification一個小小的澄清 (摘錄自文法書)
I have heard that towards refers to direction where toward reflects "with respect to" or "on the verge of".我聽說towards較指朝向何處, toward較指於關於as regards之意.
I walked towards the car.我朝向車子走過去.
We are working toward a common goal. 我們正為一個共同的目標工作.
In common usage, I think that they are more used interchangeably. 而我認為一般的用法是可以互換的.