請問英文WITH的問題???

請問------------------------------------------------------------------------.-------

WITH 跟 BY差別在哪裡啊

還有

during 跟 while 的差別

看了文法書 還是花花的 所以請不要用文謅謅的方式解釋

謝謝

3 個解答

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  • candy
    Lv 5
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    這幾個介系詞和連接詞我也經常用,要區別最好的方法就是多寫句子, 以下寫一些句子供你參考看看:

    with介系詞, having, carrying, 有,帶著之意.相當於動詞的have. a cup with a broken handle 有把手破損的杯子, a baby with no clothes on 未穿衣服的嬰兒. With no=without=have no.

    表示方式或工具時: (也可以用by)

    Write with a pen用筆書寫; take something with both hands用雙手取物; see something with your eyes 用你的眼睛看某物.

    表示伴隨或關係時: live with your parents 與你的雙親同住. go for a walk with a friend 與一位朋友去散步; I shall be with you in a few minutes. 我幾分鍾之內就來招呼你.

    表示與…交往時: She is in with the wrong crowd. 她結交了一群不法之徒

    因為, 由於(表原因): shaking with cold 冷得發抖. a face wet with tears 眼淚潤濕的臉.

    表示方式或態度: receiver somebody with open arms.熱忱的歡迎某人.

    與…同方向或與…同時: Do you rise with the sun?你黎明即起嗎?

    By =near在附近的意思 He hid the money when nobody was by. 當附近無人的時候他把錢蔵起來.(這句的by是near為副詞); My house is by the river. 我家在河邊(這句的by是…在旁邊,是介系詞).

    By含有with的意思時(表示方式或工具): 表示旅行,運輸等之路線,工具或方法 travel by air坐飛機旅行; send something by post 遞送某物; take somebody by the hand 抓某人的手.這些主動式,也可以用with取代,但較常用by. 但如果是被動式時就一定要用by: The man was killed by a falling three. 這個人被一棵倒下的樹所殺. The rat was killed by Tom with a stick. (句子同時出現by和with)

    During是介係詞, 在..期間之意. The sun gives us light during the day.太陽在白天給我們陽光. He called to see me during my absence. 我不在時他來看過我.

    While,可以當名詞或連接詞,當連接詞時有 during the time that 當..的時候的之意, at the same time as 和…同時之意 He fell asleep while doing his English exercises. 他在做英文練習時睡著了, 具有兩件動作同時的時候,while=when. While in London he studied music. 他以前在倫敦時學音樂.這句的While=during指以前在…期間之意, 要區別兩者只要多造一句子就知道了.

    Be careful while you swim during vacations. 本句while=when做某動作時. during在..期間. (明顯的區別在於時間的長短).

    http://www.english.tw/abc/archiver/tid-287.html

    參考資料: candy 的知識
  • 1 0 年前

    by 用於許多用語中,表示如何做某事。例如:

    send something by mail 以郵寄的方式

    do something by hand 以手工做某事

    pay by check / by credit card 以支票、信用卡支付

    (但是付現in cash 用 in )

    *在上述by+名詞的用法中,名詞前不可以加 a 或 the。例如:

    我們說 by chance / by check等,而不是by a chance / by a check

    類似的用法還包括,by 用於表達某人如何到達某處。

    by car / by train / by plane / by boat / by ship / by bus / by bicycle 等

    by road / by rail / by air / by sea / by subway

    ex: 1.Liz usually goes to work by bus.

    2. Do you prefer to travel by air or by train.

    但by 表達某事是由某人所做或由某事所造成的情況時:

    ex: 1. Have you ever been bitten by a dog?

    2. The program was watched by millioins of people.

    *若需要指明是何人或何物做了該動作,則要加上具體的東西或數

    by 也用於表達「由某人所寫、所創作」,例如:

    Have you read any books by Agatha Christie?

    by 也用作 next to / beside (在…旁邊)之意。

    ex: 1.Come and sit by me.(=beside me)

    2. "Where's the light switch? " By the door."

    by 也用於下面的表達:

    ex: 1.Claire's salary has just gone up from $2,000 a month

    to $ 2,200. So it has increased by $200 / by ten percent.

    (增加了200 / 增加了百分之十)

    2. John and Roger ran a 100-meter race. Roger won by

    about five meters.(贏了大約5公尺)

    **************************************************

    參考資料: my brain+grammar book
  • 1 0 年前

    WITH 和

    通常是甚麼和甚麼

    作為連接詞用

    除了翻譯成 和

    也可以翻譯成 附帶

    BY藉由

    通常當做介係詞用

    BY THE BUS 搭乘公車

    BY藉由 某種東西

    during 是指在甚麼的期間(通常是一個範圍)

    通常是指時間的範圍

    while 當

    指在某個點

    當作連接詞用

    與WHEN 很像

    參考資料: ME
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