Ja 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

for 跟to的用法

請問一下for 跟to的用法怎麼用呢

都是對...而言的情況下怎麼分呢

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1. for 構成的片語可以在句中作問的副詞,

    但後面只能接名詞,不能接動名詞。

    其作用相當於不定詞引導的片語。

    試比較下列兩句:

    He went to the college for an interview with Professor Taylor.

    He went to the college to have an interview with Professor Taylor.

    (他去學院和泰勒教授面談)

    2. for 可與名詞(或代名詞)及不定詞一起構成名詞片語。

    for 的受詞是後面的不定詞的意義上的主詞。

    ex:

    a.For a kid to eat so much is unbelievable.

    (一個小孩竟吃了這麼多,令人難以置信)

    b. It isn't convenient for her to go there in the evening.

    (她晚上去那不方便)

    *for作並列連接詞表示原因時,表示因為,用以解釋性地說明理由。

    ex: I am sorry for what I said to you.

    (我後悔不該對你講那些話)

    for的更多例句及使用方式,請參閱:

    http://zh-tw.w3dictionary.org/index.php?q=for

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    to 當介詞

    1.向,往,到

    ex: a.This road leads to Paris.(這條路通往巴黎)

    b.She lives in the house to the right. (她住在右邊的房子裡)

    2.(表示時間)直到,在…之前

    ex: He wrote from morning to night. (他從早到晚寫東西)

    3.趨於;(變)成,(變)到

    ex: Things are going from bad to worse. (情況每況愈下)

    4.(表示接近,接觸)在,於,緊貼著

    ex: He placed his chair next to mine.(他把椅子放在我的旁邊)

    5.(表示對象)對,向

    ex: Excessive drinking did harm to his health.

    (過量飲酒損害了他的健康)

    6.屬於,歸於ex: I've lost the key to the house.(我把屋子的鑰匙丟失了)

    7.(表示比較,對比)比

    ex: This engine is superior to that one. (這臺發動機比那臺要好)

    8.對於,關於

    ex: What is her attitude to the issue? (她對這個問題抱什麼態度?)

    9.與…一致,按…

    ex: Modern paintings are not to my taste.(現代畫不合我的口味)

    10.為了,用作

    ex: We sat down to dinner at six.(我們六點鐘坐下來吃飯)

    11.致使

    ex: To her delight, she passed the examination.

    (使她高興的是她考試及格了)

    to 當副詞時

    向前

    (門等)關上

    ex: She pushed the door to. (她用力把門關上)

    恢復意識

    ex: The girl came to after a while.

    (過了一會兒那個女孩醒過來了)

    (做)起來,著手

    ex: They fell to with great relish. (他們津津有味地吃了起來)

    to 與原形動詞一起構成不定詞

    ex:

    a.To gossip about others isn't right. (說閒話是不對的)

    b. The government offered to give us financial help.

    (政府提出在經濟上給我們援助)

    to 用以代替代不定詞或不定詞片語,以免重複

    ex: You can do it this way if you care to.

    (如果你樂意的話,可以這樣做)

    參考資料: myself + dictionary
  • 1 0 年前

    講講看這兩句:

    This is easy for me.

    This is easy to me.

    兩句文法都通順 都可譯為: 這對我來說很簡單

    但是講的人的心情是不太相同的

    for 帶有 客觀 委婉 的口吻

    to 則是 主觀 直白 的口吻 (用to 來表達語氣比較強烈)

    降子 清楚了嗎? ^_^

    2009-09-26 00:12:34 補充:

    喔 對了 這裡的to 跟 for ㄧ樣 是 介係詞 詞性 (to 另有 不定詞詞性 接 V原)

    參考資料: I learn, I teach, and I share, I teach junior
  • 1 0 年前

    for是給.....[人]

    如下

    ex:The gift is for you.

    to有另一解釋

    如下

    ex:Go to the classroom.

    懂了嗎

    參考資料:
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