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For our purposes, the nucleus consists of and neutron. A proton is a particle of matter that carries a positive electrical charge equivalent to the negative charge on an electron. Neutrons are uncharged particles in the nucleus with a mass nearly equal to the proton’s mass. The atomic number of an element is equal to the number of protons in the nucleus. The number of protons in the nucleus equals the number of electrons in the atom in the balanced, neutral, or equilibrium state.

The process of pulling away (removing) or adding valence electrons from a balanced or neutral atom is called ionization. The atoms with unbalanced electrical charge are called ions.

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  • 師兄
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前
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    For our purposes, the nucleus consists of/and neutron.

    對實際應用來說,中子及中子組成的原子核。

    A proton is a particle of matter that carries a positive electrical charge equivalent to the negative charge on an electron.

    質子是一種粒子狀物質,其所帶有的正電荷等於一個電子所帶負電荷。

    Neutrons are uncharged particles in the nucleus with a mass nearly equal to the proton’s mass.

    中子則是在原子核中其質量幾乎等於質子質量且不帶電的粒子。

    The atomic number of an element is equal to the number of protons in the nucleus.

    一個元素的原子數量等於原子核中的質子數。

    The number of protons in the nucleus equals the number of electrons in the atom in the balanced, neutral, or equilibrium state.

    原子核中的質子數等於在平衡、中性不帶電或均衡等狀態下,原子中的電子數。

    The process of pulling away (removing) or adding valence electrons from a balanced or neutral atom is called ionization.

    從一個平衡或中性的原子拉掉或加入價電子的過程稱為電離。

    The atoms with unbalanced electrical charge are called ions.

    具有不平衡電荷的原子被稱為離子。

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