Betty Hsu 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

”important”和”significant”有何不同?

請問 "important"和"significant" 有何不同?

已更新項目:

另外若"injure"和"hurt"都當作動詞的話,用法一樣嗎?

4 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    important, significant 這些形容詞都用以描述出的、

    關鍵的或具有相當大效果的因素。

    important --最普通,表示重要、突出、關鍵。

    字構: im 入內 + port攜帶 ,運載 + ant...的

    源義: 攜入,帶入結果的

    (adj)

    重要的,重大的[(+to / for)]

    ex: It is important to learn to communicate.

    (學會溝通思想很要要)

    地位高的,有權力的

    ex: He is an important official in the government.

    (他是政府的要員)

    狂妄自大的

    ex: He has an important air about him.

    (他顯得盛氣凌人)

    意為重要的; 地位高的 時之同義字:

    chief, principal, leading, major, main, significant, weighty

    意為重大的; 著名的 時之同義字:

    famous, essential, necessary, valuable, influential,

    substantial, prominent, outstanding

    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    significant---指某事因特別出色或意義深遠而顯得引人注目。

    字構: sign 標記,指明+fic做+ant 有…作用的

    源義: 有特別標明的作用的

    (adj)

    有意義的; 意義(或意味)深長的

    ex: A highly significant discover

    (有重大意義的發現)

    a significant look / smile

    (意味深長的眼神/ 微笑)

    Your work has shown a significant improvement.

    (你的工作有了顯著改進)

    表示…的+[of]

    ex: Smiles are significant of pleasure.

    (微笑表示愉快)

    重要的,重大的; 值得主意的

    ex: This is one of the most significant studies of the subject.

    (這是對該課題最重要的研究之一)

    (n) 【古意,古詞】(為可數名詞)

    有意義的事物

    標誌,象徵

    2009-10-16 21:15:05 補充:

    hurt 可以當(vt)(vi)(n)(adj)

    ex: No one was seriously hurt in the traffic accident.

    (在這次交通事故中沒有人受重傷)

    He inadvertently hurt her feelings. ( 他無意中傷了她的感情)

    My right leg hurts. (我右腿疼)

    2009-10-16 21:15:17 補充:

    It was a real hurt to her vanity. (這對她的虛榮心真是一個打擊)

    There was a hurt look in her eyes. (她的眼精流露出一種委屈的神色)

    hurt 意思是使受傷、傷害;表示使肉體受傷或疼痛,也表示感情受傷害,

    此詞為含義最鄺的一個,主要用於有生命,它強調由於傷害而造成的

    痛苦,但 hurt 為最普遍且最不正式,表示精神上的小傷害。

    2009-10-16 21:15:36 補充:

    hurt 意為 使受傷;損害,危害 時的同義字:

    injure, bruise, harm, damage, wrong, impair, wound, distress,

    grieve, offend, mar,spoil, ache, sting

    2009-10-16 21:15:47 補充:

    njure 只能當動詞

    ex: His back was injured. (他背部受傷了)

    I hope I didn't unjure her feelings.(我希望我沒有傷害她的感情)

    injure 指傷害,強調對健康、外貌的傷害,也表示待人不公允,

    意思是傷害、損害,指損害一個人的外表、健康、自尊心、名譽等。

    2009-10-16 21:17:00 補充:

    sorry, 少打了一個 ' i ' ,應該是--injure

    參考資料: myself + dictionary, my dictionary, my dictionary, my dictionary, my dictionary, my after checking
  • 1 0 年前

    1. "important"和"significant" 在英文中屬於同義字

    而significant 除重要的意思外 還有 "顯著的" 的意思

    另外 important 是最常用的字 若寫作中不想重複 則可選用significant

    2. injure 一定是身體上的受傷

    Example: No one was injured in the accident.

    Hurt 可以是 身體上 或 心靈上的受傷

    Example: He was hurt badly in the accident.

    Jenny was hurt after her dog died.

  • 1 0 年前

    important means something that is very valuable or necessary to do.

    significant which has got 2 meanings, here we go

    1. a large amount of it, eg: a significant number of people can't read.

    2. important

    so for now is that clear to you?

    參考資料: I have lived in the UK for ages
  • significant

    a. (形容詞 adjective)

    1.有意義的;意義(或意味)深長的

    2. 表示...的[+of]

    Smiles are significant of pleasure.

    微笑表示愉快。

    3.重要的,重大的;值得注意的

    This is one of the most significant studies of the subject.

    這是對該課題最重要的研究之一。

    4.顯著的;有效的;非偶然的

    5. n.【古】[C]

    6.有意義的事物

    7.標誌,象徵

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    importanta. (形容詞 adjective)

    1.重要的,重大的[(+to/for)]

    It is important to see that everything goes well.

    重要的是確保一切順利。

    It is important to learn to communicate.

    學會溝通思想很重要。

    2.地位高的,有權力的

    He is an important official in the government.

    他是政府的要員。

    3.狂妄自大的

    He has an important air about him.

    他顯得盛氣凌人。

    參考資料: yahoo
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。