promotion image of download ymail app
Promoted
飛小橘 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

我不太會分別on或是to跟of的用法~

我不太會分別on或是to跟of的用法~

能不能教我在哪些情況下要用哪種?

希望可以詳細一點~如果有例句更好~

不要用翻譯字典回答~謝謝~!!

^^

已更新項目:

希望可以詳細一點~~~~~拜託!!ㄒㄒ

2 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    on 指在…之上,或在廣大的面上,它強調與表面相接觸。

    如: on the desk(在書桌上),on the wall (在牆上),

    on the door(在門上)。

    表示在任何廣大的面上,如:

    on the farm (在農場上),on the island (在島上),

    on the floor ( 在地板上),on the ground (在地上)。

    表示瀕臨(江河湖海等),如:

    on the Thames (瀕臨泰晤士河),on the ocean ( 在海洋上),

    (在海上)。

    *of, on 皆可表示涉及的意思,of 表示提及某人某事時,

    僅表示其存在或發生,而不涉及其詳情;

    on 表示關於時,多用在演說,論文等專門的主題上。

    ex: I have heard of the man.

    (我聽說過這個人)

    He'll give a lecture on atomic physics.

    (他將作一個關於原子物理學的演說)

    Here are two books on the subject of women's movement.

    (這裡有兩本關於婦女運動這個主題的書)

    on 也可與名詞構成固定搭配的片語,

    可表示處於某種狀態或從事某種活動,

    on 和某些名詞連用表示在做什麼或處於某種狀態,

    如: on holiday (leave, watch, guard, night work, vacation)

    表示在渡假(休假,值班,上夜班);

    on 後接某些表示動作的名詞,代替及物動詞表示被動概念,

    如: on show(展覽)=being shown, on sale(出售)=being sold,

    on exhibition (展出), on display(展出)。

    on 表示某日或和某日連用的某一時間段,如:

    on Monday(在星期一), on Friday afternoon(在星期五下午),

    on the mornin of August the eighth (在八月八日早晨),

    on Christmas Day(在聖誕節,指在當天)

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    2009-11-08 20:19:13 補充:

    ■ to 的用法:

    to (與原形動詞一起構成不定詞)

    ex: To gossip about others isn't right.

    (說閒話是不對的)

    THe government offered to give us financial help.

    (政僚提出在經濟上給我們援助)

    to (用來代替不定詞或不定詞片語,以免重複)

    ex: You can do it this way if you care to.

    (如果你英意的話,可以這樣做)

    2009-11-08 20:19:39 補充:

    向,往,到

    ex: This road leads to Paris. (這條路通往巴黎)

    She lives in the house to the right.

    (她住在右邊的房子裡)

    (表示時間)直到,在…之前

    ex: He wrote from morning to night.

    (他從早到晚寫東西)

    (表示程度,範圍) 到,達

    ex: He was wet to the skin. (他渾身濕透了)

    趨於,(變)成,(變) 到

    ex: Things are going from bad to worse.

    (情形每況愈下)

    2009-11-08 20:20:23 補充:

    (表示對像)對,向

    ex: Excessive drinking did harm to his health.

    (過量飲酒損害了他的健康)

    屬於,歸於

    ex: I''ve lost the key to the house.

    (我把屋子的鑰匙丟失了)

    (表示比較,對比) 比

    ex: This engine is superior to that one.

    (這台發動機比那台更好)

    對於,關於

    ex: What is her attitude to the issue?

    (她對這個問題抱什麼態度?)

    2009-11-08 20:20:49 補充:

    與…一致,按…

    ex: Modern plaintings are not to my taste.

    (現代畫不合我的口味)

    為了,用作

    ex: We sat down to dinner at six.

    (我們六點鐘坐下來吃飯)

    致使

    ex: To her delight, she passed the exam.

    (使她高興的是她考試及格了)

    2009-11-08 20:21:03 補充:

    to 的片語介系詞如:

    due to, next to......

    ex: Thanks to his help, I finished the task on time.

    (由於他的幫助,我按時完成了任務)

    We delayed our journey due to the bad weather.

    (因為天氣不好,我們延讓了旅程)

    This is the key to the door. (這是捫鑰匙)

    *介系詞片語 to the door 用作形容詞,修飾前面的名詞。

    2009-11-08 20:22:21 補充:

    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ★ of 的片語介系詞(片語介系詞是由兩個或多個單字組成的片語),

    起介系詞作用的,如:

    in front of , at the end of, instead of , in case of, because of...etc.

    ex: He is in need of help. (他需要幫助)

    2009-11-08 20:22:49 補充:

    ■ 位於介系詞後面的名詞或名詞同等語都是介系詞的受詞,

    凡是介系詞,一定有其受詞。

    ex: They are lack of water. (他們缺水)

    * water 這個名詞就是介系詞 lack of 的受詞。

    2009-11-08 20:23:04 補充:

    He is thinking of where to go.(他正在想著要去哪裡)

    (我得考慮一下如對她解釋)

    * 疑問詞 how, where, when , who 等後接不定詞

    可作名詞片語當介系詞的受詞。

    2009-11-08 20:23:54 補充:

    of 的用法:

    …的,屬於

    ex: Mr. Brown is a friend of mine.

    (布朗先生是我的朋友)

    One of the legs of the table is broken.

    (桌子的一條腿壞了)

    用…做成的; 由…製成

    ex: This house is of stone. (這房子是石建的)

    …之中的; …的成員

    ex: Of all the students in this class, Tom is the best.

    (在這個班級中,湯姆是最優秀的)

    2009-11-08 20:24:18 補充:

    (表示同位)

    ex: He came to New Yourk at the age of ten.

    (他在十歲時來到紐約)

    (表示受格關係)

    He gave a lecture on the ues of solar energy.

    (他就太陽能的利用作了一場講演)

    (表示主格關係)

    ex: I have the complete work of Shakaes peare.

    (我有莎士比亞全集)

    We waited for the arrival of the next bus.

    (我們等待下一班汽車的到來)

    2009-11-08 20:24:40 補充:

    來自…的,出自

    ex: He was a graduate of the University of Hawaii.

    (他是夏威夷大學的畢業生)

    因為

    ex: Her son died of hepatitis. (她兒子因患肝炎而死)

    在…方面

    ex: My aunt is hard of hearing. (我姑媽耳朵有點背)

    (表示具有某種性質)

    ex: It is a matter of importance. (這是一件重要的事)

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
  • 1 0 年前

    on: 在…上,在…時候;依靠…,根據...,在進行

    例句:the book is on the table.

    (那本書放在桌子上)

    to:到,向,往;,傾向;到,

    例句: She lives in the house to the right.

    (她住在右邊的房子裡)

    of : 裝有...的 來自...的

    例句:He was a graduate of the University of Hawaii.

    (他是夏威夷大學的畢業生。)

    以上希望友幫到你

    • Commenter avatar登入以對解答發表意見
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。