Lv 6
發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文文法澄清 省略變ing的文法

有時候 我會看到有人的文章省略連接詞或者是關代變ving

但是有時後有些不會變成ing 害我有些搞混了 請各位大大幫我澄清一下觀念

謝謝

2 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    1.形容詞子句如果以who, which, that開頭,可以改寫成分詞片語 :

    The man who is wearing a gray suit is my uncle.

    = The man wearing a gray suit is my uncle.

    You can get your passport renewed at the Kennedy Building, which is located near the train station .

    = You can get your passport renewed at the Kennedy Building, located near the train station .

    The window that was broken by the storm has now been repaired.

    = The window broken by the storm has now been repaired.

    分詞片語有ing, ed兩種,分別表示主動和被動狀態

    形容詞子句改成分詞片語後,不需要用從屬連接詞,這是形容詞性質的修飾語.

    2.副詞子句是after, before, since, when, while等開頭者,如果主詞和主要子句相同,也可改成分詞片語:(這是副詞性質的分詞構句,屬修飾語,可以保留從屬連接詞)

    While I was walking to the library , I saw my English teacher.

    = While walking to the library , I saw my English teacher.

    When we camped out last summer , we saw a bear.

    = Camping out last summer , we saw a bear.

    When she entered, she was accompanied by her mother.

    = Accompanied by her mother, she entered.(這裡是改主要子句為分詞片語)

  • 1 0 年前

    ving=原行動詞((★如果句子裡有動ing=現在進行試))

    沒有ing的話就是現在式

    ex:He eats rice

    他在吃飯((沒有加正在,所以不是正在做的事,所以是現在式))

    He is going rice((翻譯起來就是:他正在吃飯,也就是現在進行式))

    參考資料: 自己and英文老師
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