英翻譯中(醫學文章)part 2 of 2
Thus, surgical care and its attendant complications represent
a substantial burden of disease worthyof attention
from the public health community worldwide.
Data suggest that at least half of all surgical complications are avoidable.
Previous efforts to implement practices designed to reduce surgical site infections or anesthesia-related mishaps have been shown to reduce complications significantly.
A growing body of evidence also links teamwork in surgery to improved outcomes, with high-functioning teams achieving significantly
reduced rates of adverse events.
In 2008, the World Health Organization(WHO) published guidelines identifying multiple recommended practices to ensure the
safety of surgical patients worldwide.
On the basis of these guidelines, we designed a 19-item checklist intended to be globally applicable and to reduce the rate of major surgical complications(Table 1).
(For the formatted checklist, see the Supplementary Appendix available, with the full text of this article at NEJM.org.)
We hypothesized that implementation of this checklist and the associated culture changes it signified would reduce the rates of death and major complications after surgery in diverse settings.
Introduction of the WHO Surgical Safety Checklist into operating rooms in eight diverse hospitals was associated with marked improvements in surgical outcomes.
Postoperative complication rates fell by 36% on average, and death rates fell by a similar amount.
All sites had a reduction in the rate of major postoperative complications, with a significant reduction at three sites, one in a high-income location and two in lower-income locations.
- 1 0 年前最佳解答
討論 -- 世界衛生組織外科安全清單的介紹到手術室里在八家不同的醫院同在外科結果的明顯改善聯系在一起。