buda 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請教有關however用法的文法題?

We were told that we could complete this assignment ''however'' we pleased.為什麼要用however呢?全句翻譯為何?

下面三個選項不可使用的理由在那裏?

1.anyhow

2.no matter

3.whatever

已更新項目:

出現亂碼了,不好意思。We were told that we could complete this assignment ''however'' we pleased.才是完整的句子

1 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

      【分析】答案選A。however作連接副詞時,與no matter how相當,後接形容詞或副詞,意為“無論……”“不管……”。句意是:不管你有多少工作要做,你都應該好好休息一個晚上。

      2. He tried his best to solve the problem, _____ difficult it was.

      A. however B. no matter C. whatever D. although

      【分析】答案選A。因difficult是形容詞,修飾形容詞要用連接副詞however(無論如何,不管多麼),引導一個讓步狀語從句。

      二、用法詳解

      不管however以何種形式出現在高考題中,它都不外乎以下兩種用法。

      1. 用作副詞

      (1) 表示讓步:意為“無論如何”“不管怎樣”,用來修飾形容詞或副詞,其詞序為:however+形容詞或副詞+主語+謂語。這樣用的however其實具有連詞的功能,用以引導讓步狀語從句。如:

      Phone me when you arrive, however late it is. 你到達之後就給我打電話,不論多麼晚也要打。

      However much he eats, he never gets fat. 不管他吃多少,他永遠吃不胖。

      However cold it is, he always goes swimming. 不管天有多冷,他都去遊泳。

      You won’t move the stone, however strong you are. 不管你力氣有多大,也休想搬動那塊石頭。

      However far it is, l intend to drive there tonight 不管有多遠,我今晚也要開車到那兒去。

      用于此用法時,請注意以下幾點:

      □此用法屬however所有用法中最重要的考點,同學們務請引起高度重視。

      □這樣用的 however 與 no matter how 大致同義。如:

      People always want more, however [no matter how] rich they are. 人總是富了還想再富。

      However [No matter how] hard I worked, she was never satisfied. 無論我多麼努力地工作,她從來沒滿意過。

      □有時從句謂語可用情態動詞。如:

      Don’t laugh, however funny it may be. 無論多麼有趣也不要笑。

       □“however+形容詞或副詞+主語+謂語”有時可以有所省略。如:

        I’d rather have a room of my own, however small (it is), than share a room. 無論房間多麼小,我寧願一個人住一間,而不願意與別人合住一個房間。

      A grammar rule, however true (it is), is useless unless it can be understood. 一條語法規則,不管如何正確,除非能懂,否則毫無用處。

      (2) 表示轉折:尤其用于談及一個既成事實時,表示轉折,其意為“可是”“仍然”等。可放在句首、句中或句末,通常用逗號與句子其他成分隔開。如:

       (3) 表示驚奇或強調:相當于how ever的用法,其意為“究竟怎樣,到底以什麼方式”。如:

      However did you get here without a car? 沒有汽車你究竟是怎樣來的呢?

        2. 用作連詞

      用作連詞,引導方式狀語從句,表示“無論以何種方式”“不管怎樣”。如:

      However it may be, I shall take your word. 無論如何,我將會相信你的話。

      However I approached the problem, I couldn’t find a solution. 這一問題我不管怎樣都無法解決。

      However you travel, it’ll take you at least two days. 無論你怎麼個走法,至少要兩天時間。

      The painting looks wrong however you look at it. 這張畫不論怎麼看都顯得不對勁。

      

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