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*肥肥* 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

翻譯 有點難 是有關於水產養殖的部分

Marine and freshwater stingrays are characterized by the presence of one

to three mineralized serrated stingers on the tail,

which are covered by epidermal cells secreting venom.

When these animals are dorsally touched,

the stinger can be introduced into the aggressor by a whip reflex mechanism

of the tail, causing severe mechanical injuries and inoculating the venom.

Accidents in humans are frequent causing intense local pain,

oedema and erythema.

Bacterial secondary infection is also common. In addition, injuries involving freshwater stingrays frequently cause a persistent cutaneous necrosis.

The exact localization of the venom secretory epidermal cells

in the stinger is controversial,

but it is known that it is preferentially located in the ventrolateral grooves.

A comparative morphological analysis of the stinger epidermal tissue

of different marine and freshwater Brazilian stingray species was carried out.

The results indicate that in freshwater species there is a larger number of protein secretory cells, of two different types, spread over the whole stinger epidermis,

while in marine species the protein secretory cells

are located only around or inside the stinger ventrolateral grooves.

These differences between the stingers of the two groups can justify

the more severe envenomation accidents with the freshwater species

when compared with the marine species.

只要翻譯出個大概意思 這樣老師上課講解比較容易懂

請幫幫我 因為我英文很糟糕

1 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Marine and freshwater stingrays are characterized by the presence of one to three mineralized serrated stingers on the tail, which are covered by epidermal cells secreting venom.

    海水和淡水魟魚(stingrays)的特點是在尾部三分之一處具有被表皮炎細胞(分泌毒液)蓋住的礦化鋸齒狀刺。

    When these animals are dorsally touched, the stinger can be introduced into the aggressor by a whip reflex mechanism of the tail, causing severe mechanical injuries and inoculating the venom.

    Accidents in humans are frequent causing intense local pain, oedema and erythema.

    Bacterial secondary infection is also common. In addition, injuries involving freshwater stingrays frequently cause a persistent cutaneous necrosis.

    當觸摸這些動物的背部時,尾部會以一個反射機械作用將這個尾刺像一個鞭子刺入挑釁者,造成嚴重的機械性傷害並注入毒液。是人類經常發生的事故,會引起的強烈的局部疼痛、水腫和紅斑。細菌性的二次感染也經常可見。另外,與淡水魟魚有關的傷經常會引起一個持續性的皮膚壞死。

    The exact localization of the venom secretory epidermal cells in the stinger is controversial,

    but it is known that it is preferentially located in the ventrolateral grooves.

    A comparative morphological analysis of the stinger epidermal tissue of different marine and freshwater Brazilian stingray species was carried out.

    The results indicate that in freshwater species there is a larger number of protein secretory cells, of two different types, spread over the whole stinger epidermis, while in marine species the protein secretory cells are located only around or inside the stinger ventrolateral grooves.

    確切定位的說在尾刺的表皮細胞分泌毒液是具有爭議的,確切定位的表皮細胞分泌毒液的刺具有爭議性,但眾所皆知的是這優先位於腹溝。

    在不同的海水和淡水種之巴西魟進行尾刺的表皮組織之形態比較分析。

    結果顯示,淡水物種有較多的蛋白質分泌細胞,具有兩種不同的型態,分佈在整個尾刺表皮,而在海水種的蛋白質分泌細胞只位於尾刺腹溝內或左右。

    These differences between the stingers of the two groups can justify

    the more severe envenomation accidents with the freshwater species

    when compared with the marine species.

    在這兩種間尾刺的差異可以證明,淡水種比海水種的毒液蟄入事故更加嚴重。

    PS如果可以,可否將這篇文獻的電子檔或名稱給我,我還沒看過這篇報告...

    2009-12-11 13:18:16 補充:

    第三段開頭~

    確切定位的說在尾刺的表皮細胞分泌毒液是具有爭議的,但眾所皆知的是這優先位於腹溝。

    中間那句多打了~sorry~!

    參考資料: 在研究單位負責養魟魚的我
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