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匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

有關英文文法的解說

Most abstract expressionist painters as they came to be known _________ great attention to surface qualities.

A. paid

B. to pay

C. paying

D. having paid

答案是A,請詳細解說,謝謝

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Most abstract expressionist painters as they came to be known _________ great attention to surface qualities.

    A. paid

    B. to pay

    C. paying

    D. having paid

    這題答案(A),其實考的是很平常的片語 pay attention to 「注意」,但是題目在主詞 painters 和動詞 paid attention to 中間插入 as they came to be known,而且在 paid attention 中間又加了 great,造成理解上的混淆。

    這一題一看到 painter 是名詞,很可能是主詞,後面有連接詞 as +另一個主詞 they ,那它必然是一個子句,先把as 的子句括弧起來,再將主詞 painter 前面那兩個可能看不懂的 abstract expressionist 括弧起來不要看,句子就變成:

    Most (abstract expressionist) painters (as they came to be known) _________ great attention to surface qualities.

    這時很明顯地,painters 後面需要一個動詞,而只有 (A)paid 是動詞,to pay 是不定詞,paying 是分詞, having paid 也是分詞,因而答案一定是(A)。

    as they came to be known 是「一般所知的」、「一般所稱的」,在句型文法上只是插入來補充說明前面的名詞,它的前後可以用逗點標開,更清楚。這題的意思是:

    大多數一般所稱的抽象表現主義畫家都非常注意表面品質。

    參考資料: me-蘿蔔絲
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  • 1 0 年前

    ssseditor 說的沒錯! 這句子嚴格來講必須有兩個逗點(作用同刮弧)。應該是出題者刻意製造混肴而沒有寫

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  • 1 0 年前

    Most abstract expressionist painters as they came to be known _________ great attention to surface qualities

    paid有兩個意思

    1.有薪金的

    2.已付的;付清的

    多數抽象表現主義畫家,他們來對表面质量的已知的有償的巨大關注。

    參考資料: 字典
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