diocequeen 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

請幫我找require的類似使役動詞用法

某針對TOEIC的參考書上有一題文法選擇題,其中一題的答案如下。

The purchaser require the equipment delivered by Monday morning.

S + V + N + p.p 看起來像是使役動詞的用法(我不確定是不是真的是使役動詞用法),可是我從來沒聽過、查字典也沒查到過。我是知道require是意志動詞啦。

我文法上能理解這句的意思,可是我需要實例來證明require可以這樣用。所以我需要 例句 且 例句的來源為

(一) 引經據典有出處(非很隨便的出處,希望是有名的字典、文法書或是權威性的文章)

如果找不到的話,那請網路上能找到的文章也可以 (請附網頁,我去看一下誰寫的,是怎樣的文章)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

(二) 其他動詞有類似在這句中require的這種用法的嗎?

已更新項目:

The purchaser requires the equipment delivered by Monday morning. 不好意思,忘了加第三人稱單數了。

2 個已更新項目:

如果不是使役動詞的用法的話,也請您提出您的分析。當然上面說的(一)和(二)也請幫我找一下。

5 個解答

評分
  • evan
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Transitive verb:

    To have as a requisite; need: Most plants require sunlight.

    To call for as obligatory or appropriate; demand. See Synonyms at demand.

    To impose an obligation on; compel: Students are required to attend classes.

    4.The situation requires me to take immediate action.

    (+that)The rules require that you bring only one guest to the dinner.

    INTRANSITIVE VERB:

    You have to do as the law requires.

    你可透過Google 查閱OneLook Ditionary再查所含世界各知名字典,可得知require雖為意志動詞,但並無使役動詞之類似用法.

    同一句內使役動詞的第二動詞須用動詞原形如下例:

    Father makes/has me wash the car tomorrow afternoon.

    但意志動詞則無此要求,如上列字典所舉多例,可及物可不及物,及物時其同句之第二動詞則須要用不定詞,只是當以that clause為子句時,此子句之動詞才須用動詞原形.而且用到助動詞should亦可省略.例如:

    The employees demand that their salaries be raised. 員工們要求加薪。

    They ruled that the law (should) not be imposed. 他們規定不應加重法律。

    His father ordered that he (should) keep a diary in English.

    他的父親規定他要用英文寫日記。

    My mother encouraged me and insisted that I continue my education.

    我媽媽鼓勵我,而且堅持我應該繼續我的教育。

    He insisted that I (should) apologize to her. 他堅持我應該向她道歉。

    Recently, many states have insisted that high schools teach students how to drive.

    最近,許多州堅持中學應該教學生如何開車。

    His father insisted that they (should) move to the country. 他爸爸堅持他們應該搬到鄉下。

    The teacher requires that they (should) go to school tomorrow.

    結論是你的例句的delivered只是單純的過去分詞當形容詞用,修飾equipment.

    並非使役動詞同句的第二動詞,亦非意志動詞之受詞that子句之動詞.

    至於過去分詞當形容詞用的用法,你就自己上網查吧

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  • 濃濃
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    您好!

    看來版主還無法理解這題出題老師的用意(考法):請您再過五年,十年對英文有深入

    瞭解自然會恍然大悟.

    ※根本就不是「使役動詞」的用法:(還一直執著在您的牛角尖裏).

    使役動詞後面的動詞要加原形動詞>就是僅僅用「deliver」原汁原味就好>

    沒有這個選項,所以您的思考邏輯是錯的.

    The purchaser requires the equipment ˍ by Monday morning.

    這句顯然是形容詞子句,而且「that」被省略,「 that」是關代,

    關代被省略也是很平常的文法. 都是常考及常用的文法,

    沒有什麼好討論的.

    應朝著兩大方向去思考:如下:(謝謝提問)

    2010-01-24 06:57:22 補充:

    二.在句子中should之前出現了「意志動詞」

    mantain,

    ask, require,

    order,

    suggest,

    insist,

    decide

    等意志動詞時, 「should 」是可以被省略的.

    *「that」、「should 」都被省略,都是常考及常用的文法,

    *請看以下網頁合理的解釋:

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    2010-01-24 07:11:58 補充:

    *所以

    The purchaser requires the equipment ˍ by Monday morning. >

    就還原成

    The purchaser requires the equipment【 that should be delivered】 by Monday morning.

    省略了上述所說的「that」及 「should」之後

    句子就變成了>

    The purchaser requires the equipment【 be delivered 】 by Monday morning.>

    沒有【 be delivered 】這個選項,所以這個思考方向是錯的

    2010-01-24 07:16:53 補充:

    三.那麼就要想到「形容詞子句中be動詞被省略的文法」:

    說明: 分詞構句會以Ving 還是p.p呈現,可遵照下面公式:

    如果關代在形容詞子句中扮演

    a)主格,主動-->關代被省略-->be動詞被省略→

    如果是簡單式則在動詞後加ing

    b)主格,被動-->關代被省略-->be動詞被省略→

    留下來的是p.p>(A)>delivered

    2010-01-24 07:17:12 補充:

    *請看以下網頁合理的解釋:

    第二十章 形容詞子句減化

    http://blog.sina.com.tw/mok_mba/article.php?pbgid=...

    關係子句的省略 觀念需要矯正

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    關於關係代名詞的問題(↓例句最多)

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    2010-01-24 07:30:13 補充:

    *所以

    The purchaser requires the equipment ˍ by Monday morning. >

    就還原成

    The purchaser requires the equipment【 that is delivered】 by Monday morning.

    ( requires相對應,用現在式的be動詞「 is 」)

    省略了上述所說的「that」及 「is」之後

    句子就變成了>

    The purchaser requires the equipment【 delivered 】 by Monday morning.>

    【 delivered 】答對了.

    2010-01-24 07:35:35 補充:

    版主您好!

    這樣的結論,滿意嗎?

    不滿意,就建議您去讀『英文研究所』.

    上述詳細的剖析,懂了吧?

    不懂沒關係,年紀大了自然會有所領悟.

    謝謝提問.

    2010-01-24 13:32:23 補充:

    ※這題要講的是「形容詞子句中be動詞被省略的文法」,高中或大學才會學到,

    不簡單ㄛ!

    The purchaser requires the equipment【 that is delivered】 by Monday morning.

    a)主格,主動-->關代被省略-->be動詞被省略→

    留下來的是動詞後加ing

    b)主格,被動-->關代被省略-->be動詞被省略→

    留下來的是p.p>(A)>delivered

    請看:

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    2010-01-24 13:39:34 補充:

    例如:

    1. Billy is the boy who is dancing in the park. (形容詞子句who is dancing in the park)

    = Billy is the boy ◎ ◎ dancing in the park.

    2. The girl who is sitting next to me is Lisa. (形容詞子句who is sitting next to me)

    = The girl ◎ ◎ sitting next to me is Lisa.

    2010-01-24 13:44:29 補充:

    3. The idea which is presented in that book is excellent. (形容詞子句which is presented in that book)

    = The idea ◎ ◎ presented in that book is excellent.

    4.The man (who is) speaking to Mark is an expert on environmental problems

    = The man ◎ ◎ speaking to Mark is an expert on environmental problems

    2010-01-24 14:03:12 補充:

    這題要講的是「形容詞子句中be動詞被省略的文法」,

    為什麼形容詞子句中「關代」和 「be 動詞」,如who is;that is可以被省略,

    在哪些情況下可以被省略???

    『哪些情況下』正在研究中???

    台灣有那個專家中的專家能夠說明呢???謝謝.

    (結論已經很明瞭了,不要再舉例了!我目前探究的是原因?)

    2010-01-24 14:26:31 補充:

    「關代」和 「be 動詞」能否被省略的原因是:

    『省略以後句子意義是否清楚完整、會不會造成讀者的誤解。』

    http://blog.xuite.net/now.now/eng/7423395

    The student who is making a speech is Jack.

     →The student making a speech is Jack.

    My mother finally found the vase that was hidden by me.

     →My mother finally found the vase hidden by me.

    2010-01-24 14:34:19 補充:

    「關代」和 「be 動詞」能否被省略的原因是:

    關代後面接的是 be + 過去分詞(被動式) 的句型時,可以省略關代及 be 動詞;

    關代後面接補語,如 be+副詞,也可省略關代及 be 動詞;

    http://blog.sina.com.tw/missrich/article.php?pbgid...

    2010-01-24 14:38:51 補充:

    例:The book (which/that is) borrowed from the library is worth reading.

     省略改成:The book borrowed from the library is worth reading.

    例:The criminal (who/that is) in jail is very regretful(後悔的).

     省略改成:The criminal in jail is very regretful.

    關代後面接的是 be + 過去分詞(被動式) 的句型時,可以省略關代及 be 動詞;

    此人沒有講到 be + 現在分詞??

    2010-01-24 14:48:38 補充:

    「關代」和 「be 動詞」能否被省略的原因是:

    句子中出現了兩個主詞及兩個動詞???

    (C)形容詞子句連接詞/關代-who、which、that

    S + V + (形容詞子句連接詞/關代 + S + V)

    S + (形容詞子句連接詞/關代 + S + V)+ V

    ◎形容詞子句連接詞/關代可以省略,當主詞的形容詞子句連接詞/關代

    和be動詞一併省略或將動詞改分詞形式

    http://gaaan.com/Leejohn?p=88853

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  • 1 0 年前

    可是 TO BE 的省略我沒聽過也。我知道 to be = will / may / shall / ought to / would / should / might 可以進行句型的改寫。可是我受到的文法教育只有 n + relative pronoun + be + p.p ---> n + p.p 這樣的改寫法。

    2010-01-25 01:48:16 補充:

    抱歉,那麼晚才會,昨天的意見用完了。謝謝您! 我了解了。

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  • 羅賓
    Lv 6
    1 0 年前

    先為您解說使役動詞用法:

    ☆ make(迫使,使引起)☆

    * make +sb/sth + V : sb/sth 與其後省略 to 的不定詞

    有主動關西。

    Ex :Money can make devil push the mill-stone.

    * make + sb/sth + -ed :sb/sth與其後的過去分詞

    有被動關西。 

    (常見於 make oneself heard / understand 或 make it known

    that 的子句。)

    Ex:I cannot make myself understood in French.

    Ex:He made known that he would seek re-election.

    ◎ P.S:make 用於被動時,原來的原V改成to+V。

    God can make all good things go together.

    → All good things can be made together.

    ☆ have ☆

    * have + sb + V:sb 與其後省略to的不定詞有主謥關西。

    (表是使某人做某事。)

    Ex:I will have Mark carry your baggage upstairs.

    * have + sb + V-ing :sb 與其後的現在分殂有主動關西。

    1. 表示達當所要的結果。

    Ex:The movie soon has us crying.

    2. 表示得到不好的結果。也指無法自己控制的事情。

    請看下列兩例句:

     ( 1 ) Don't be so noisy! You'll have the neighbors

    complaning.

     

     ( 2 )The boys upstairs are really noisy.I'll have husband complain to the police.

    3. 與 won't 或can't 『 不允許 』 。

    Ex:I won't have you playing on the sreet.

    * have + sb/sth + -ed :sb/sth與其後的過去分詞有

    被動關西。

    1. 表示經驗,通常為無法自己所控制的意外或災難。

    Ex:Jack had his bike stolen.

    2. 叫某人作事。

    Ex:I'm having my car washed.

    3. 與 won't 或can't 『 不允許 』 。

    Ex:I won't have my money wasted on that junk.

    ☆ get ☆

    * get + sb/sth + V-ing/ to + V:sb/sth與其後之現在分詞

    或不定詞有主動關西。用V-ing強調進行。

    表示叫某人做某事,就表是成功達成此事。

    Ex:Get Jason to water the garden. It's very dry.

    Ex:I finally managedto get the engine again.

    * get sb/sth + -ed:sb/sth與其後的過去分詞有被動關西。

    1. 安排做某事。

    Ex:I have to get the bike fixed.

    2. 意外使某人經歷某事。

    Ex:Be careful. Don't get yourself burned.

    ◎ get 比have語氣強, get幾乎是命令口吻,而have只是

    中性的建議。

    ☆ let ☆ ( = allow sb/sth to + V)

    *let + sb/sth + V:sb 與其後省略to的不定詞有主謥關西。

    Ex:Let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us fear

    to negotiate.

    - John Kennedy

    * let + sb/sth + be + -ed:sb/sth 與其後省略to的be

    接過去分詞有被動關西。

    Ex:Never let your bottom of your purse or ypur mind

    be seen.

    個人認為此處應為【 未來完成式】︰

    The purchaser require the equipment 【 that will have 】delivered by Monday morning.

    子句在此省略。

    希望對你有幫助。 ^ ^

    2010-01-24 02:36:32 補充:

    是的yoyochristine123 大大說的也對

    The Purchaser requires the equipment 【to be 】 delivered by Monday morning.

    謝yoyochristine123大大!

    2010-01-24 09:42:52 補充:

    是這樣呀~!

    RONG-LONG 專家真是太強了!

    我了解這題的文法了!

    就是簡單的子句的被動

    謝謝您讓我上了一課!

    感激。:)

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  • 1 0 年前

    不知道這樣的解釋能不能有幫助

    其實這句省略的一些字,應該是:

    The Purchaser requires the equipment TO BE delivered by Monday morning.

    因為 equipment 本身並沒有辦法作任何動作,它不能自己送達,是由人來送達,所以被使役的動詞是be delivered(此句為被動式的例子)

    另外其他的使役動詞有:

    get / help / help / make 等等

    用法也是類似

    希望有點幫助,至於文法書,太久沒接觸了,所以不知那本較好,但是上述的幾個使役動詞因為很常用,文法書中一定有記載解釋的

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