chemicals in soap <肥皂中的化學物>

1.How many kinds of chemicals in the soap?

<肥皂中有多少種化學物>

2.What are those chemicals' names?formula?

<化學物的名稱?化學式?>

3.Chemicals' info.(clear n easily readable)

<化學物的資料 (清楚而且容易閱讀)>

4.Information's sources ?(which website,book..ect)(dont just say google)

<資料來源?(哪些網站 書籍 等等)(不要只是說google)>

5.製造方式的問題(不需用英文)

如果可以的話我是希望可以自己做啦....

但是...因為製作方式都不算太方便...(比較多原因是因為自己懶)= =|||

我想問的是

-可不可以直接融化在外面買的肥皂?

-那有沒有什麼需要注意的事? 需要準備的工具(鍋子之類的)?

-製作完的清理工作 有沒有需要注意的事(像是殘留在鍋子中的化學物之類的我不知道= =)?

對了對了 回答希望可以是英文 (所以題目才是英文)要做presentation 用的...

中文也可以拉(因為怕沒人回答T.T 所以還是附上中文解釋)

當然中英對照是比較好拉(不強迫 只要有人回答就很開心了) =P

不好意思要求很多喔...我也知道presentation的資料應該要自己找..

但是最近要忙mid term 還要 ss debate一堆事 實在沒時間...

啊!還有 因為英文不是太好..如果題目有文法錯誤 順便糾正我吧...(感激不盡)

所以在這裡麻煩大家... 奉上20點

已更新項目:

to:小白

很感謝你回答...

雖然很不想這樣說

不過1~4題也是問題阿= =|||

只是比較希望能用英文回答而已...

並不是只是單純的要抓出語法錯誤而已

3 個解答

評分
  • 小白
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    下面列出一些相關的英文句子,如果合用就拿去用,不合就當參考吧。

     

    肥皂中有多少種化學物

    How many chemicals are there in soap?

     

    製造肥皂的配方

    soap formula / soap recipes

     

    製造肥皂的原料

    ingredients for soap making

     

    配方中的化學物及其化學式

    Names of the chemicals and their molecule formula in the recipe(formula可能會被誤會為配方,加molecule較能區別)

     

    化學物的資料(清楚而易讀)

    Data of the chemicals -- clear and easy to read

     

    資料來源

    References

     

    製造過程舉例Example for soap-making process

     

    成份描述

    Description of Ingredients

     

    在家裏做肥皂,冷製法似乎比熱製法容易。

    For homemade soap, cold process seems to be easier than hot process.

     

    下列網頁有process flow diagram

    http://www.madehow.com/Volume-2/Soap.html

    下列網頁有ingredient step-by-step instructions & photos

    http://www.orthogonalthought.com/blog/index.php/20...

    Cold process soap video

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ghvQ4v_Fjrs

    Youtube thumbnail

    General Information for Soap Making

    http://candleandsoap.about.com/od/coldprocesssoapm...

     

    現在開始回答問題:

     

    -可不可以直接融化在外面買的肥皂?

    A:如果你只單純想改變肥皂的形狀,這是最快最省事的方式,但無法保證肥皂(或香皂)中的成份不會因加熱而變質。

     

    -那有沒有什麼需要注意的事? 需要準備的工具(鍋子之類的)?

    A:最重要的事就是要精確計算鹼用量,過少則皂化不完全,過多則殘留傷皮膚,國外一般會使用一個叫做「鹼計算器」的工具來計算。

    If you're creating your own soap recipes from scratch, and even if you're using a recipe from a book or website, it's VERY important to run your recipes through a lye calculator to make sure that your ratios of water, oils and lye are correct. Doing so will help insure that your batch of soap will come out just right.

    要準備的工具包括電子秤、加熱鍋、攪拌匙、香皂模具等,大部份在廚房中都能找到,前述網頁中有圖片可供參考。亦可參考下列中文網頁:

    http://missrain.pixnet.net/blog/post/6225932

    http://sunny46.myweb.hinet.net/page5.html

     

    -製作完的清理工作 有沒有需要注意的事(像是殘留在鍋子中的化學物之類的我不知道= =)?

    A:香皂切塊時(有點硬)要小心不要切到手,最後當然是將所有工具清洗乾淨歸定位。

     

    2010-02-04 14:48:52 補充:

    這兩天很忙,週末再幫你找答案,如果有別人找到更好的答案也歡迎。

    2010-02-07 17:03:40 補充:

    How many chemicals are there in soap?

    The major chemical in soap is fatty acid, whose molecule has both a hydrophilic end, which dissolves in water, as well as a hydrophobic end, which is able to dissolve nonpolar grease molecules. Other contents include milk, bee honey, coffee, aloe, fragrance, etc.

    2010-02-07 17:04:31 補充:

    Every saponification oil is a mixture of quite a few kinds of fats. Therefore, soap made from even a single oil contains many kinds of fatty acid.

    2010-02-07 17:04:37 補充:

    For example, soap made from coconut oil contains Caproic acid, Caprylic acid, Capric acid, Lauric acid, Myristic acid, Palmitic acid, Stearic acid, Arachidic acid, Oleic acid, and Linoleic acid.

    2010-02-07 17:15:56 補充:

    Chemical formula:

    Caproic (Hexanoic) acid: CH3(CH2)4COOH

    Caprylic acid: CH3(CH2)6COOH

    Capric acid: CH3(CH2)8COOH

    Lauric acid: CH3(CH2)10COOH

    Myristic acid: CH3(CH2)12COOH

    Palmitic acid: CH3(CH2)14COOH

    2010-02-07 17:16:03 補充:

    Stearic acid: CH3(CH2)16COOH

    Arachidic acid: CH3(CH2)18COOH

    Oleic acid: CH3(CH2)7CH=CH(CH2)7COOH

    Linoleic acid: CH3(CH2)4CH=CHCH2CH=CH(CH2)7COOH

    2010-02-07 17:19:02 補充:

    Soap-making recipe (example):

    For my 3 lb. batch of soap, this works out to be:

    13 oz. Olive oil

    10 oz. Coconut oil

    7 oz. Palm oil

    2.5 oz. Castor oil

    4.7 oz. Lye (about a 5% discount)

    9.4 oz. water

    2 Tbs. of Bentonite Clay

    1 to 1.4 oz. of fragrance or essential oil

    2010-02-07 17:20:13 補充:

    前述配方來源:http://candleandsoap.about.com/od/soaprecipes/a/cp...

    2010-02-07 17:24:07 補充:

    ingredients for soap making

    1) Lye: Reacting fat with Sodium hydroxide (NaOH,製造固體皂) will produce a stable soap that will usually become firmer as it cures. Reacting fat with potassium hydroxide (KOH,製造液體皂) will produce a soap that is either soft or liquid.

    2010-02-07 17:45:09 補充:

    ingredients for soap making

    2) Fat: Palm oil, Olive oil, Coconut oil, Cocoa butter, Castor oil, Sunflower oil, Canola oil, Jojoba oil, Corn oil, Pumpkin seed oil, Safflower oil,

    2010-02-07 17:45:14 補充:

    Grape seed oil, Peanut oil, Sesame oil, Argan oil, Rice bran oil, Almond oil, Oenothera oil, Apricot Kernel Oil, Camellia Oil, Avocado oil, Shea butter, etc.

    2010-02-07 17:48:32 補充:

    製皂油脂英文網頁:

    http://www.colebrothers.com/soap/oils.html

    2010-02-07 17:52:58 補充:

    ingredients for soap making

    3) Additives: bee honey, milk, fragrances, spices, oatmeal, coffee, herbs like aloe

    2010-02-07 17:54:45 補充:

    Soap making process:

    Step One - Dissolve the lye in cold water and wait until it cools and the

    mixture turns clear. Make sure you are wearing goggles and gloves when handling lye. Never pour water into lye. Only pour lye INTO water.

    2010-02-07 17:55:09 補充:

    Soap making process

    Step Two - Carefully pour the oil and then the lye/water solution into the blender. Be careful not to splash or spill the lye on yourself or others. Make sure you are wearing goggles and gloves.

    2010-02-07 17:55:49 補充:

    Soap making process

    Step Three - Lock the blender in position, secure the cover, place a towel over the top of the blender for safety, and process at the lowest possible speed.

    2010-02-07 17:55:56 補充:

    Make sure you are wearing your goggles when you process the soap mixture and make sure the towel is in place to avoid any accidental splashing of the lye/oil mixture.

    2010-02-07 17:56:27 補充:

    Stop the blender and check the soap often to watch for what is called a thin-trace stage. This is when the soap mixture just begins to thicken. Each time you stop the blender, wait a few seconds before removing the cover.

    2010-02-07 17:56:33 補充:

    Sometimes the soap "burps" when it stops as trapped air comes to the top. At the thin trace stage, stop the blender and stir the soap to check for tracing and to allow bubbles to escape.

    2010-02-07 17:56:48 補充:

    Step Four - At this point you can add any essential oils,colorants or fragrances as well as any other ingredients such as oatmeal or herbs. Blend these in for a few seconds and then stop the blender.

    2010-02-07 17:57:02 補充:

    Step Five - Pour the soap into individual molds. Cover it with a blanket for insulation. Let the soap set for a day or two and then after popping it out of the molds cut it and let it age for at least three weeks.

    2010-02-07 18:02:02 補充:

    你提到想融化現成的肥皂,有一種叫皂基的東西可以試試看,參照下列連結:

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    http://blog.sina.com.tw/soaper/article.php?pbgid=1...

    http://tw.blog.search.yahoo.com/search/blog?ei=UTF...

  • 匿名使用者
    7 年前

    一次購買可線上收看或下載珍藏,一部片只要25元。每日更新強檔好片,畫質佳http://941hdav.com.tw/%E8%91%9B%E6%A0%BC%EF%BC%8C%...

  • 1 0 年前
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