黑粿 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

句子結構~形容詞的位置

請問They were brought up in the liberal atmosphere prevalent in hte 1960s.

形容詞prevalent 為什麼放於此處? 在這裡是做修飾語,還是補語??

如將prevalent放在liberal前面,意思會不會改變??

2 個解答

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    They were brought up in the liberal atmosphere prevalent in the 1960's.

    prevalent in the 1960's是修飾語,修飾其前面的名詞片語the liberal atmosphere

    因為prevalent in the 1960's是形容詞片語,不能放在其修飾的名詞前面。

    liberal是單字,才能放在其修飾的名詞atmosphere前面。

    如果將prevalent和in the 1960's拆開成為兩組修飾語,句子意思可能會改變。此外,liberal和prevalent的意義不是平行的,prevalent放在liberal前面時,會加以限定,表示還有另外一種不prevalent的liberal atmosphere,如此,在邏輯上可能有問題,應該沒有兩類的liberal atmosphere。

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  • nung
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    They were brought up in the liberal atmosphere prevalent in late 1960s.

    其實是省略了 which was

    全句原應為:

    They were brought up in the liberal atmosphere (which was) prevalent in late 1960s.

    如將prevalent放在liberal前面,意思不會改變

    但必須改為副詞型態以修飾形容詞liberal

    They were brought up in the prevalently liberal atmosphere in late 1960s.

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