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P 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

想請教一英文文法喔~

Following up on his pledge to improve the company's working environment, Mr.D has had the entire office renovated and equipped with up-to-date machines.

問:想請問這句的主詞動詞在哪,第二行的has had怎麼解釋,後面的renovated是被動式嗎,為什麼不用be renovated呢。

3 個解答

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    Following up on his pledge to improve the company's working environment, Mr.D has had the entire office renovated and equipped with up-to-date machines.

    主詞: Mr. D

    主要動詞:has had (及物動詞)現在完成式表示已經辦好了

    受詞:the entire office

    受詞補語:renovated and equipped with up-to-date machine(過去分詞表示是被動的,整個辦公室都被更新並按裝了新的辦公機具.分詞片語在做被動式時,是不需要加上原形be動詞的,所以不可以寫成be renovated and equipped)

    分詞構句:following up on his pledge to improve the company's working environment(修飾主句的述部)

    這裡的have動詞不是使役動詞,因為其受詞不是人.使役動詞是用在驅使別人去做某件事.

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  • 1 0 年前

    問:想請問這句的主詞動詞在哪,has had

    第二行的has had怎麼解釋, "have" 的 present perfect(現在完成式時態)

    後面的renovated是被動式嗎,為什麼不用be renovated呢。 形容詞

    e.g. a renovated office 更新了的辦公室

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  • 1 0 年前

    have

    let

    make

    三者都是使役動詞

    若後面加人及動作

    則使用原形動詞

    如:

    I had Jack go out to buy something for me.

    我要Jack出外買些東西給我

    若後面加物

    則使用pp形式

    表示一個被動狀態

    如:

    I had my hair cut.

    我讓我的頭髮給剪了

    Following up on his pledge to improve the company's working environment, Mr.D has had the entire office renovated and equipped with up-to-date machines.

    承諾要改善公司的工作環境,Mr.D已經讓整個辦公室整修了且新增了最新機器

    Mr.D has the entire office renovated and equipped with up-to-date machines.

    has the entire office renovated

    has the entire office equipped with up-to-date machines

    都是使役動詞加物加pp形式

    而此句為現在完成式

    因此加了has

    後面的has就要改成pp形式had囉

    參考資料:
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