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貝特爾 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文文法選擇題,請高手解答(主動詞一致、連接詞)

9.Neither John’s friends nor John ___awarded the first prize.

a.was b.have

為什麼不是b

11.____beautiful girl she is !

a.How b.What a

為什麼不是a

12.The number of American universities that offer scholarship to foreign students ___decreased.

a.have b.has

為什麼不是a

14.No one but nurses and doctors ___ the fact that the child will die of cancer.

a.know b.knows

為什麼不是a

19.Neither I nor you ____mistaken.

a.are b.has

為什麼不是b

33.___for four days alone in the woods was a miracle.

a.Why the child could survive

b.That the child could survive

為什麼不是a

35.As soon as she saw the sight, ____.

a.she would burst into tears b.she burst into tears

為什麼不是a

37.____came to see me ?

a.Do you think who b.Who do you think

為什麼不是a

39.____that you’re grown up, you must know how to take care of yourself.

a.Since b.Now

為什麼不是b,Now that 既然

2 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    主詞動詞一致,記住幾個常考原則,你可以多幾分。

    either ... or....,neither.... nor....,動詞跟靠近那個名詞,通常是 or 和 nor 後面那個。

    單數主詞+介係詞片語或形容詞子句(關係代名詞子句)+動詞,中間的介係詞片語會有名詞,形容詞子句也會有名詞、動詞,但後面的那個動詞的真正主詞是在最前面那個,要看那個主詞是單複數來決定動詞寫法。通常題目都會在介係詞片語出現複數主詞,用來騙你的眼睛,而形容詞子句可能很長,讓你看得霧煞煞,但得分要領就是要知道真主詞在前面。

    9.Neither John’s friends nor John ___awarded the first prize.

    a.was b.have

    Neither...nor...,動詞跟著靠近的名詞,John 靠近動詞,所以選單數 was。

    11.____beautiful girl she is !

    a.How b.What a

    這題的解題竅門在 girl 這個字。感嘆句 how 後面的形容詞要接主詞,不能再有名詞。What a 既然有冠詞 a,形容詞後面要先有一個名詞,再接主詞。句型是:

    How + 形容詞 + 主詞 + 動詞!

    What a + 形容詞 + 名詞 + 主詞 + 動詞!

    這裡有 girl,所以句子是:

    What a beautiful girl she is!

    用 how 的說法,不會有 girl:

    How beautiful she is!

    11. The number of American universities that offer scholarship to foreign students ___decreased.

    a.have b.has

    這個題目有 of 介係詞片語,又有 that 引導子句,最後才出現動詞讓你選,將 of 以後的字都不要看,真正的主詞是 number ,單數,所以選 has。universities 是介係詞片語裡的名詞,不管他;students 是 that 子句裡的,也不管他!

    The number (of American universities that offer scholarship to foreign students) ___decreased.

    (美國提供獎學金給外國學生的大學,)數目減少了。

    14. No one but nurses and doctors ___ the fact that the child will die of cancer.

    a.know b.knows

    but 是介係詞「除了...」,所以 but nurses and doctors 是介係詞片語,不管他。真正主詞是 one 所以用單數 knows。

    No one (but nurses and doctors) ___ the fact that the child will die of cancer.

    (除了護士和醫生,)沒一個人知道孩子會死於癌症。

    19.Neither I nor you ____mistaken.

    a.are b.has

    neither.... nor ...,動詞隨著靠近的主詞 you,所以選 are。

    33.___for four days alone in the woods was a miracle.

    a.Why the child could survive

    b.That the child could survive

    這句不是好英語。但故意用符合文法卻不是好英語來考學生,也是台灣英語教育折磨學生的一大特色。所以你還是得知道為什麼,才能拿分。

    why 所帶的子句表示原因,而 that 所帶子句,只是說有 that 後面「這回事」,that 本身沒有意思。這題的解題關鍵在 was a miracle「是個奇蹟」:原因不會是奇蹟、原因要解釋,只有事實才可視為奇蹟。所以要選 that。

    That the child could survive for four days alone in the woods was a miracle.

    這兒童能獨自在樹林裡四天而存活下來,是個奇蹟。

    這題為什麼說它不是好英語,因為 that 引導子句太長,後面 was a miracle 太短,頭重腳輕,講得落落長,動詞還沒有出來,到底要說什麼,人家聽不懂,所以一般要用 it 來帶,先讓動詞部分出來,這在文法上叫「虛主詞」:

    It was a miracle that the child could survive for four days alone in the woods.

    2010-03-11 00:35:15 補充:

    [

    這部分是補充,可以不看。

    假設題目後面是 was unknown「不知」,那原因可以不知,而事實不會「不知」所以就要選 why 了:。

    (The reason) why the child could survive for four days alone in the woods was unknown.

    為何這兒童能獨自在樹林裡四天而存活下來的原因,實在不知。

    ]

    2010-03-11 00:36:10 補充:

    35.

    這題用 burst 動詞三態同形來騙你。

    burst 的過去式和過去分詞都是 burst。你一看 she 後面 burst 為什麼沒有加 ed,也沒有加 s,就會選 would burst ,以為 burst 是原形動詞,在助動詞後面穩沒錯,那就完蛋了! as soon as 是在某件事發生的同時,後面的事情就發生,所以不能用含有「未來」涵意的 would。

    「她一見這個景象,她就哭出來」,saw 和 burst 要同式,所以要選 she burst into tears。這裡的 burst 是過去式。

    2010-03-11 00:37:32 補充:

    37.____came to see me ?

    a.Do you think who

    b.Who do you think

    這題關鍵在 think。用 Do you think 來問的問句,是問「你認不認為...」問的是意見,而這題問的是「誰來看我」,不是「你認不認為」誰來看我,do you think 在這裡叫做「插句」,有沒有都沒關係。

    Who (do you think) came to see me?

    (你想)誰來看我了?

    如果是 do you know,那就可以用這種問法了:

    Do you know who came to see me?

    你知不知道誰來看我了?

    2010-03-11 00:38:06 補充:

    39.____that you’re grown up, you must know how to take care of yourself.

    a.Since

    b.Now

    這題答案是 (B)。Now that 才是正確答案。因為 since 是連接詞,不能再有連接詞 that。所以正確說法是這樣的:

    Since you're grown up, you must know how to take care of yourself.

    Now that you're grown up, you must know how to take care of yourself.

    參考資料: me-蘿蔔絲
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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前

    9.Neither John’s friends nor John ___awarded the first prize.

    a.was b.have 為什麼不是b[說明] award是及物動詞,to award somebody something,這句award後面只有東西,沒有人,所以應是被動.

    如果選了have,就成了主動.與上下文不符.

    11.____beautiful girl she is !

    a.How b.What a 為什麼不是a

    [說明]如果選how,句子就成How beautiful she is!不會有girl

    12.The number of American universities that offer cholarship to foreign students ___decreased.

    a.have b.has

    為什麼不是a

    [說明]這句的主詞是number,這只是[一個]數目.所以要用數的動詞.

    14.No one but nurses and doctors ___ the fact that the child will die of cancer.

    a.know b.knows 為什麼不是a[說明]因為主詞是one, 是單數. but是除外的意思(except),不會增加主詞的數目,所以動詞要用單數.

    19.Neither I nor you ____mistaken.

    a.are b.has 為什麼不是b[說明]mistaken是形容詞,所以需要用be動詞are.如果用has, mistake是及物動詞,必須有受詞,但本句無.

    33.___for four days alone in the woods was a miracle.

    a.Why the child could survive

    b.That the child could survive

    為什麼不是a

    [說明]如果選a,句子只剩一半,即Why the child could survive for four days alone in the woods,後面就不能再接另一個述部was a miracle了.不合文法.

    原句是用名詞子句That the child could survive for four days alone in the woods當主詞,述部是was a miracle,所以合文法.

    35.As soon as she saw the sight, ____.

    a.she would burst into tears b.she burst into tears

    為什麼不是a[說明]如果是假設語氣才能選A,但as soon as she saw the sight不是假設.是過去真的事實.

    If she saw the sight, she would burst into tears.

    37.____came to see me ?

    a.Do you think who b.Who do you think

    為什麼不是a{說明]Do you know who came to see me?不合理.因為Do you think是問對某件事的看法,不能再接一個who...的問句,因為who代表不知道是誰,這是中式英文.只能問Do you think (that) she will come?

    39.____that you’re grown up, you must know how to take care of yourself.

    a.Since b.Now為什麼不是b,

    [說明] 正確答案應該是b, Now that 既然

    since己是連接詞了,後面不能加上一個that

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