婷婷 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

(急)翻譯醫學英文期刊

Given the level of controversy engendered, one might expect considerable

research activity. Yet the research literature is extremely sparse for a number of

reasons. First, the absence of funded research on the topic suggests that financial

support for research on such a controversial issue may be difficult to secure.

Governmental support may be absent when a practice (e.g., abortion, surrogacy)

conflicts with the policy of the administration in power. Second, despite the flood

of media attention, particularly in the late 1980s and early 1990s, surrogacy arrangements

are less common than generally perceived. Historically, there has been

no way to track the number of children born as a result of AI. However, since 1992

federal law has mandated that fertility clinics track and report statistics relating to IVF cycles and births .

The first compilation of these statistics was published by the Centers for Disease Control

(CDC, n.d.) in 1995. Unfortunately, this mandate did not include segregating

the number of IVF surrogacy births from the total of IVF births. Reporting on IVF

surrogacy births became a requirement for fertility clinics in 2003.

Nonetheless, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine has attempted

to compile information regarding IVF surrogacy and non-surrogacy births prior

to the enactment of the law. According to their statistics, from 1985 through 1999

there were 129,000 babies born as a result of IVF. From 1991 through 1999 there

were 1600 babies, included in this total, who were born as result of IVF surrogacy

The numbers pertaining to IVF births, including surrogacy births,

may be low since, prior to enactment of the above mentioned act in 1992, reporting was voluntary. Further, until 2003 reporting regarding surrogacy still was voluntary. In any event, it is clear that contractual parenting is infrequent in comparison with the overall birth rate, even for birth rates involving assisted reproductive technologies.

1 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    由於水平所產生的爭議,人們可能預期相當

    研究活動。然而,研究文獻是非常稀疏的數目

    理由。首先,缺乏資助的研究課題表明,金融

    研究支持這樣一個有爭議的問題可能是難以保證的。

    政府支持時,可能會缺席的做法(如墮胎,代母)

    衝突的政策中的行政權力。第二,儘管洪水

    媒體的關注,特別是在80年代末和90年代初,代母安排

    比較少見比一般認為。歷史上,出現了

    無法追踪孩子的出生人數,結果人工智能。然而,自1992年以來

    聯邦法律規定的生育診所跟踪和報告有關的統計數據週期和生育試管嬰兒。

    第一份彙編這些統計數據公佈了疾病控制中心

    (疾病預防控制中心,未檢出),於 1995年。不幸的是,這個任務不包括分隔

    試管嬰兒的數目從代出生的試管嬰兒出生總數。報告體外受精

    代出生成為的要求的生育診所於 2003年。

    儘管如此,美國生殖醫學學會一直試圖

    彙編資料試管嬰兒代母和非出生前代母

    制定條例的法律。根據他們的統計,從 1985年至1999年

    有12.9萬嬰兒出生的試管嬰兒結果。從 1991年到1999年,

    嬰兒 1600人,包括在其中,誰是導致出生的試管嬰兒母

    這些數字有關試管嬰兒出生,其中包括代出生,

    可能較低,因為在頒布之前的上述行為在1992年,報告是自願的。此外,直到2003年在代母的報告仍然是自願的。在任何情況下,很顯然,合同父母是比較少見的整體生育水平,人口出生率甚至涉及輔助生殖技術。

    參考資料: 翻譯網 應該多少還可以看懂吧
    • 登入以對解答發表意見
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。