LUKAS SUN 發問時間: 教育與參考出國留學 · 10 年前

為什麼邱吉爾要延遲D-Day?

你好,我是一個在美國讀書的高中生,正在被美國歷史老師出給我的研究題目所困惑,如果可以請指引一下方向,拜託拜託,今天給我答案

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我所說的延遲D-DAY 是指Churchill 在The first plan by Churchill was to execute in 1942, and delayed to the spring of 1943. The second front finally created on the day of June sixth 1944.邱吉爾總理把行動從1942延遲到1944的原因,不是諾曼第登陸前後一兩個月的事,沒問清楚不好意思,可以在回答我一次嗎?

2 個解答

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  • 匿名使用者
    10 年前
    最佳解答

    Only a few days in each month were suitable for launching the operation, because both a full moon and a spring tide were required: the former to illuminate navigational landmarks for the crews of aircraft, gliders and landing craft, and the latter to provide the deepest possible water to help safe navigation over defensive obstacles placed by the Germans in the surf on the seaward approaches to the beaches. Allied Expeditionary Force Supreme Commander Dwight D. Eisenhower had tentatively selected 5 June as the date for the assault. Most of May had fine weather, but this deteriorated in early June. On 4 June, conditions were clearly unsuitable for a landing; wind and high seas would make it impossible to launch landing craft, and low clouds would prevent aircraft finding their targets. The Allied troop convoys already at sea were forced to take shelter in bays and inlets on the south coast of Britain for the night.天氣不利部隊登陸及空軍飛行是決定延遲的原因

    It seemed possible that everything would have to be cancelled and the troops returned to their camps (a vast undertaking because the enormous movement of follow-up formations was already proceeding). The next full moon period would be nearly a month away. At a vital meeting on 5 June, Eisenhower's chief meteorologist (Group Captain J.M. Stagg) forecast a brief improvement for 6 June. General Bernard Montgomery and Eisenhower's Chief of Staff General Walter Bedell Smith wished to proceed with the invasion. D-DAY決定並不是由邱吉爾做出Leigh Mallory was doubtful, but Admiral Bertram Ramsay believed that conditions would be marginally favorable. On the strength of Stagg's forecast, Eisenhower ordered the invasion to proceed. 美國的艾森豪將軍作的D-Day總攻擊決定

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Normandy_Landings

    在Google或YAHOO或電影電視影集中也有許多說明

    National Geographic 或Discovery也有回顧檔案

    2010-04-01 09:08:52 補充:

    http://www.ddaymuseum.co.uk/

    電影The Longest Day

    Saving Privat Ryan

    Where Eagles Dare

    The Big Red One

    電視

    Band of Brothers

    2010-04-01 09:14:16 補充:

    法國Normandy 是登陸地點

    英國Portsmouth是盟軍的最大出發集中地

    2010-04-01 09:24:44 補充:

    請搜尋paratroopers也是關鍵

    2010-04-03 08:32:57 補充:

    由歐戰年史可知

    德軍攻俄無力攻英島

    英國遭空襲美軍加入尚未掌握全局

    同盟空軍並未掌握渡海空優

    運補及登陸船艦及海軍砲艦載數量及品質均未達需求

    渡海登陸部隊集結乃一超級大型作戰模式

    聯軍統合指揮後勤及情報網並未構成

    因此登陸歐洲計畫勢必須延遲

    2010-04-03 08:38:58 補充:

    補充說明受字數限制

    只好在此補充

    http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/timeline/ww2...

    英國國內政局反對登陸作戰者強勢也是關鍵原因

    http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=888&dat=1944...

    2010-04-03 10:09:28 補充:

    上述網頁1944/June/10th的報紙(用滑鼠上下左右移動即可)

    請詳讀Churchill oppositiom delayed...

    文中有許多觀點與我的大致相同

    請不要理會以下論點

    "國內政局反對登陸作戰者強勢也是關鍵原因"

    參考資料: 軍人退伍+英國D-Day Museum 參觀心得+網頁+電視電影
  • Jerry
    Lv 5
    10 年前

    You are in US high school and don't know how to use google?!!!

    Just go to goole and typed in: Why was d-day delayed?

    You got the answer in 1 second, faster than posting message here.

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