匿名使用者
匿名使用者 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

英文:關係代名詞的深入用法

It began as a result a contest between three goddesses__________ wanted to win a golden apple to prove that she was the most beautiful of all.

(a),whom(b)each of them(c),each of them(d),each of whom

可以解釋用法 為什麼 答案是(d) 不是(a) 可以請各位大大 解釋

關代的深入一點的用法與解析 謝謝

3 個解答

評分
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    這句正確的寫法是:

    It began as a result a contest between three goddesses, each of whom wanted to win a golden apple to prove that she was the most beautiful of all.

    畫線部分的名詞子句是當不定詞to prove的受詞,因為採she was單數形式。所以黃色部分的關係子句(形容詞子句)的主詞(關係代名詞),也應以單數為基礎,指前面三位女神的[每一位],所以在這個關係代名詞前面加上了each of,同時因為在這個片語中,who成了of的受詞,需用受格的whom,這是比較難的關係子句寫法。

    當關係子句所指的不是先行詞(只是與先行詞有關)或只是先行詞的一部分時,會用這種寫法。

    類似的句子還有:

    She bought twelve eggs, some of which are rotten. (不是全部)

    He showed me his new car, the wheels of which were painted bright red.(是輪,不是車)

    We used the red book, the title of which I cannot rememer.

    The table, the leg of which is broken, cannot be fixed.

    She has two sons, both of whom are doctors.

  • 1 0 年前

    ……下面還有更深的哦。

  • 1 0 年前

    在英文中,當兩個句子一起出現時,我們通常會使用連接詞來連接兩個句子,但有時也會用逗點來代替連接詞,就像你所提出的句子。所以你應該先有一個概念,這是兩個句子的組成。

    所以我們先看逗點以後的句子:

    ________wanted to win a golden apple to prove that she was the most beautiful of all.

    為什麼答案不是 ,whom,因為wanted是動詞,依文法來講whom是受詞,不能當主詞用,所以a選項是錯的。

    其實c跟d選項在語義上都是對的,就c選項來講(把c代入句子並當成是獨立的句子就變成):

    Each of them wanted to win a golden apple to prove that she was the most beautiful of all.(這句話合乎文法與句義。)但為何這邊會錯呢?原因在整個句子的逗點之前,的between,因為three goddesses是between的受詞,所以如果用c選項的話,在文法上就錯了,所以選擇d選項(關代的受詞)才是正確的。

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