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佩君 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 1 0 年前

很急!!!!食道癌的分期翻譯!!!

Esophagus staging form

Primary tumor(T)

TX: Primary tumor cannot assessed

T0: No evidence of primary tumor

Tis:High-grade dysplasia.

T1:Tumor invades lamina propria, muscularis mucosae, or submucosa

T1a: Tumor invades lamina propria, muscularis mucosae

T1b: Tumor invades submucosa

T2: Tumor invades muscularis propria

T3: Tumor invades adventitia

T4: Tumor invades adjacent structures

T4a:Resectable tumor invading pleura, or diaphragm

T4b:Unresectable tumor invading other adjacent structures, such as aorta, vertebral body, trachea, etc.

﹡High-grade dysplasia includes all non-invasive neoplastic epithelium that was formerly called carcinoma in situ, a diagnosis that is no longer used for columnar mucosae anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract.

Regional Lymph Nodes (N)

NX: Regional lymph nodes cannot be assessed

N0: No regional lymph node metastasis

N1: Regional lymph nodes metastasis involving 1 to 2 nodes

N2: Regional lymph nodes metastasis involving 3 to 6 nodes

N3: Regional lymph nodes metastasis involving 7 or more nodes

Distant Metastasis (M)

M0:No distant metastasis(no pathologic M0;use clinical M to complete stage group)

M1: Distant metastasis

3 個解答

評分
  • 1 0 年前
    最佳解答

    如翻譯的不好 請見諒~

    食管癌分期形式

    原發性腫瘤(T)的

    得克薩斯州:原發腫瘤無法評估

    T0:無原發腫瘤的證據

    Tis:高檔異型增生。

    T1:腫瘤侵入固有層,黏膜肌層或黏膜下層

    T1a:腫瘤侵入固有層,粘膜肌層

    T1b:腫瘤侵犯黏膜下層

    T2:腫瘤侵犯肌層

    T3:腫瘤侵犯外膜

    甲狀腺素:腫瘤侵及鄰近結構

    T4a:可切除腫瘤侵犯胸膜或膈肌

    T4b:不能手術切除腫瘤侵犯其他如主動脈,毗鄰結構,椎體,氣管等

    *高檔異型增生包括所有非侵入性腫瘤上皮這是以前稱為原位癌,一診斷,是不再為柱狀粘膜任何地方使用,在胃腸道。

    區域淋巴結(N)

    NX:區域淋巴結不能評估

    N0:無區域淋巴結轉移

    N1:區域淋巴結轉移,涉及1至2個節點

    N2:區域淋巴結轉移,涉及3至6個節點

    N3的:區域淋巴結轉移,涉及7個或更多的節點

    (外處器官轉移)

    M0:無遠器官轉移(無病理M0;使用M到完成階段的臨床組)

    M1:外處器官轉移

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  • 1 0 年前

    這些是醫學名詞

    自己翻會很奇怪

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  • 1 0 年前

    又不牽涉文法

    只是懶得查字典而已

    搬椅子。。。

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