jj 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 10 年前

我看到一句, He was caught cheating

我看到一句, He was caught cheating in the exam.

其中的 cheating 為什麼要加 ing 呢?

5 個解答

評分
  • 10 年前
    最佳解答

    “cheating in the exam

    “ is a gerund phrase.

    Gerunds, verbals that end in -ing and that act as

    nouns, frequently are associated with modifiers and complements in a gerund

    phrase. These phrases function as units and can do anything that a noun can do.

    Notice that other phrases, especially prepositional phrases, are frequently

    part of the gerund phrase.

    He was caught cheating in the exam.

    He was caught smoking in the toilet.

    John enjoyed swimming in the lake

    http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/GRAMMAR///phrases.h...

  • 10 年前

    Yes, that was embarrassing,

    I was caught cheating in my Marketing exam,

    I hope that I have never done things like that, cause I failed this exam

    and I really regretted cheating

    參考資料: I have done Marketing lesson in UK
  • geo
    Lv 6
    10 年前

    1) catch + 受詞 + Ving 就是這樣用。除了catch之外很多別的動詞用法一樣。如:

    - (被動) He was seen cheating.

    - (主動) I saw him cheating.

    2) 文法花樣或許很多,但是不變的鐵律一條:一句只有一個動詞。

    如果句子裡有多的動詞,一定會以別的型式出現:子句、加ing當名詞用... 等等。以 He was caught cheating 這句為例:本句真正的動詞是was。另兩個動詞在此句裡詞性已非動詞:caught是被動式的用法,cheating 有ing當名詞or形容詞。

    這樣看就比較單純:Cheat如果不加ing,此句變成有兩個動詞,必錯,反而要懷疑了。加ing看來不是比較理所當然?

  • 老登
    Lv 7
    10 年前

    我看到一句, He was caught cheating in the exam.

    其中的 cheating 為什麼要加 ing 呢?

    cheat 是動詞,加了 ing 變成動名詞當形容詞用.

  • 您覺得這個回答如何?您可以登入為回答投票。
  • 10 年前

    應該是He was caught in cheating in the exam.只是省略了介係詞in的原因!!!

    參考資料:
還有問題?馬上發問,尋求解答。