襲滅天來 發問時間: 社會與文化語言 · 10 年前

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Initiating Structure and Prevention Focus

Initiating structure is a leadership style that is oriented toward

defining performance, goal, and role expectations and constraints, and that is focused on directing and

structuring subordinates’ tasks . At its core, structuring

behavior is focused on organizational members meeting and

adhering to expectations . Judge, Piccolo, and Ilies

described initiating structure as one of the “forgotten

ones” of historical leadership research that in retrospect has significant

predictive validity for important leadership outcomes,

such as follower performance. The utility of initiating structure in

predicting performance outcomes suggests that it remains an important

leadership style .

Initiating structure directly defines expectations but also indirectly

communicates the value of compliance with or deviation

from expectations. In particular, organizational members are

keenly aware of behaviors that are rewarded or punished

. In this sense, initiating structure is transactional in emphasizing

expectations and consequences. Much like transactional

behaviors, structuring behaviors focus on clarifying what to do to

get the task accomplished—behaviors that are likely to elicit a

prevention focus.

Leaders occupy positions of influence within organizations such

that their behavior is readily observed, attended to, and likely to be

replicated. To the extent that a leader

focuses on the responsibilities and expectations of organizational

members, this evokes attention to obligations or what ought to be

done. A leader whose behavior is

oriented toward “oughts” and duties is likely to induce in organizational

members a prevention mindset of ensuring security,

avoiding losses, and fulfilling obligations.

Prevention Focus and In-Role Performance

Individuals with a prevention focus tend to notice and recall

information related to the costs of loss, failure, or punishment

. Prevention-focused individuals are

likely to value safety and follow rules.

1 個解答

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  • Alice
    Lv 6
    10 年前
    最佳解答

    Initiating Structure and Prevention Focus

    建立架構和以預防為中心

    "建立架構"是一種領導型態,這領導型態是導向"定義(規定)表現"、"目的(目標)"、"(工作上的)角色期望"和專注於引導和架構下屬的任務。關於此領導型態的核心價值, 架構行為專注於組織成員會議和堅持期望(預期)。"Judge, Piccolo, Llies"這三人描述"建立架構"是一種歷史上領導力研究中的"遺忘個人",擁有關於重要領導力成果的顯著性預測效果。"建立架構"在預測成果表現的效力上顯示此為一種重要的領導型態。

    "建立架構"直接定義期望(目標)並且不直接溝通服從或偏離期望的重要性。尤其是當組織成員敏銳地意識到哪些行為會被獎賞或懲罰。在這樣的觀念下,"架構行為"著重於確定什麼(行為)該做來讓任務完成,這些行為傾向引導出"以預防為中心概念"。領導者掌控形勢(立場),此形勢關於組織成員的行為是可以立即被觀察、注意以及可被複製的作用。領導者注重組織成員的責任和期望,此舉引發對義務的重視或是什麼應該被做好。領導者的行為傾向"應該"和"義務"會在組織成員中引發一種預防心態關於確保安全、避免損失、和充滿義務。

    Prevention Focus and In-Role Performance

    以預防為中心和角色扮演行為

    以預防為中心的人傾向注重和記得和損失、失敗或懲罰的相關訊息。 以預防為中心的人會傾向評估安全性和遵守規則。

    2010-05-12 00:13:44 補充:

    不好意思

    少看了一小段

    In this sense,......behaviors that are likely to elicit a prevention focus.

    在這樣的觀念下,建立架構是一種重視期望和結果的交易。像這樣的交易行為,"架構行為"著重於確定什麼(行為)該做來讓任務完成,這些行為傾向引導出"以預防為中心概念"。

    2010-05-12 00:18:41 補充:

    因為我不是企管系的

    所以專有名詞的中文名稱可能需要你自己確認

    但簡單來說,這篇英文著重在一種強勢的領導行為(Initiating Structure)引發組織成員對於工作在心態上的改變(Prevention Focus)。

    2010-05-12 00:37:44 補充:

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    不知道有沒有關聯,感覺有點像,也許可以參考一下。

    翻得沒有很通順,請見諒。

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