給20點 翻譯 論文內容 不要網頁 翻譯機 翻譯

Initiating Structure and Prevention Focus Initiating structure is a leadership style that is oriented toward defining performance, goal, and role expectations and constraints, and that is focused on directing and structuring subordinates’ tasks . At its core, structuring behavior is focused on... 顯示更多 Initiating Structure and Prevention Focus

Initiating structure is a leadership style that is oriented toward
defining performance, goal, and role expectations and constraints, and that is focused on directing and
structuring subordinates’ tasks . At its core, structuring
behavior is focused on organizational members meeting and
adhering to expectations . Judge, Piccolo, and Ilies
described initiating structure as one of the “forgotten
ones” of historical leadership research that in retrospect has significant
predictive validity for important leadership outcomes,
such as follower performance. The utility of initiating structure in
predicting performance outcomes suggests that it remains an important
leadership style .

Initiating structure directly defines expectations but also indirectly
communicates the value of compliance with or deviation
from expectations. In particular, organizational members are
keenly aware of behaviors that are rewarded or punished
. In this sense, initiating structure is transactional in emphasizing
expectations and consequences. Much like transactional
behaviors, structuring behaviors focus on clarifying what to do to
get the task accomplished—behaviors that are likely to elicit a
prevention focus.
Leaders occupy positions of influence within organizations such
that their behavior is readily observed, attended to, and likely to be
replicated. To the extent that a leader
focuses on the responsibilities and expectations of organizational
members, this evokes attention to obligations or what ought to be
done. A leader whose behavior is
oriented toward “oughts” and duties is likely to induce in organizational
members a prevention mindset of ensuring security,
avoiding losses, and fulfilling obligations.
Prevention Focus and In-Role Performance
Individuals with a prevention focus tend to notice and recall
information related to the costs of loss, failure, or punishment
. Prevention-focused individuals are
likely to value safety and follow rules.
1 個解答 1