請幫忙翻譯關於微生物的英文(急)

1. Please describe the difference between protoplast and spheroplast. What would be the major purpose for making such cells?

2. Please compare and contrast the active transport and group translocation.

3. For E. coli mutant with defect on its ATPase, what would happen if the mutant were grown in a medium with low pH such as pH 5.0? Please explain.

4. Please describe the functions of outer membrane and plasma membrane in Gram-negative bacteria.

5. Please compare the characteristics of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria in terms of peptidoglycan layer, teichoic acid, outer membrane, toxin produced and lipopolysaccharide content. In your answer, please include the physiological role of the above components.

6. What is gluconeogenesis? For microorganism to carry this metabolic reaction, what irreversible steps of glycolysis must be overcome and what alternative bypass must be used?

3 個解答

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  • 10 年前
    最佳解答

    。請說明原生質體和原生質體的區別。什麼是主要目的,為使這些細胞?

    2。請比較和對照組的主動運輸和移位。

    3。大腸桿菌突變體與缺陷在其ATP酶,會發生什麼,如果突變體生長在中低pH值,如pH值5.0?請解釋。

    4。請描述的功能外膜和細胞膜中的革蘭陰性菌。

    5。請比較特色的革蘭氏陽性和革蘭氏陰性細菌的肽聚醣層方面,磷壁酸,外膜,產生毒素和內毒素含量。在你的答案,請包括生理作用上述組件。

    6。什麼是糖異生?這對於微生物進行代謝反應,不可逆轉的步驟是什麼糖酵解必須克服,什麼必須使用替代旁路?

  • 候選編號 002 回答的還不錯...雖然有些專有名詞翻得有點問題..不過翻得還不錯喔

  • 10 年前

    1. Please describe the difference between protoplast and spheroplast. What would be the major purpose for making such cells?

    請解釋原生質體(protoplast)和原生質球(spheroplast)的不同之處。製造這些細胞的主要目的為何?

    2. Please compare and contrast the active transport and group translocation.

    請比較並對照主動運輸(active transport)與基團轉位(group translocation)的相同與不同處。

    3. For E. coli mutant with defect on its ATPase, what would happen if the mutant were grown in a medium with low pH such as pH 5.0? Please explain.

    針對核苷酸水解酵素(ATPase)有缺陷的大腸桿菌變異體,如果該變異體在低pH值,例如pH5.0的媒介中生長會如何? 請解釋之。

    4. Please describe the functions of outer membrane and plasma membrane in Gram-negative bacteria.

    請描述革蘭氏陰性菌中外膜和細胞膜的功能。

    5. Please compare the characteristics of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria in terms of peptidoglycan layer, teichoic acid, outer membrane, toxin produced and lipopolysaccharide content. In your answer, please include the physiological role of the above components.

    請比較革蘭氏陽性菌和陰性菌在胜聚糖層、胞壁酸、外膜、產生的毒素和內毒素的特性差異。在答案中,請包括上述機制在生理上所扮演的角色。

    6. What is gluconeogenesis? For microorganism to carry this metabolic reaction, what irreversible steps of glycolysis must be overcome and what alternative bypass must be used?

    糖異生(gluconeogenesis)是什麼? 對微生物產生此代謝反應時,必須克服糖分解中哪一個不可逆的步驟,又可以用何種方法以避開?

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